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Peer Journal sample covers

It is BTO’s policy to make public the results of our research. Our aim is to publish as much as possible of our work in the peer reviewed scientific literature.  Many results are also published in our BTO Research Report series.

Langley, L.P., Bearhop, S., Burton, N.H.K., Banks, A.N., Frayling, T., Thaxter, C., Clewley G., Scragg, E. & Votier, S.C. 2022. Urban and coastal breeding lesser black-backed gulls (Larus fuscus) segregate by foraging habitat. Ibis Link to Article (DOI:
Fijn, R.C. Thaxter, C.B., Geert Aarts, G., Adema, J., Middelveld, R.P. & van Bemmelen, R.S.A. 2022. Relative roles of static and dynamic abiotic conditions as drivers of foraging behaviour in breeding Sandwich Terns. Marine Ecology Press 692 : 137-150 Link to Article (DOI: 10.3354/meps14076)
Zhao, Y., Zhao, X., Wu, L., Mu, T., Yu, F., Kearsley, L., Liang, X., Fu, J., Hou, X., Peng, P., Li, X., Zhang, T., Yan, S., Newell, D., Hewson, C. M., Townshend, T., Åkesson, S., and Liu, Y. 2022. A 30,000-km journey by Apus apus pekinensis tracks arid lands between northern China and south-western Africa. Movement Ecology 10 Link to Article (DOI: 10.1186/s40462-022-00329-2)
Acácio, M., Catry, I., Soriano‑Redondo, A., Silva, J.P., Atkinson, P.W. & Franco, A.M.A. 2022. Timing is critical: consequences of asynchronous migration for the performance and destination of a long-distance migrant. Movement Ecology 10 Link to Article (DOI: /10.1186/s40462-022-00328-3)
Lawson, B., Robinson, R.A., Briscoe, A., Cunningham, A.A., Fooks, A.R., Heaver, J.P., Hernández-Triana, L.M., John, S.K., Johnson, N., Johnston, C., Lean, F.Z.X., Macgregor, S.K., Masters, N., McCracken, F., McElhinney, L.M., Medlock, J.M., Pearce-Kelly, P., Seilern-Moy, K., Spiro, S., Vaux, A.G.C. & Folly, A.J. 2022. Combining host and vector data informs emergence and potential impact of an Usutu virus outbreak in UK wild birds. Scientific Reports 12 View Abstract Link to Article (DOI: /10.1038/s41598-022-13258-2)
Dickson, I., Butchart, S.H.M., Catalano, A., Gibbons, D., Jones, J.P.G., Lee-Brooks, K., Oldfield, T., Noble, D., Paterson, S., Roy, S., Semelin, J., Tinsley-Marshall, T., Trevelyan, R., Wauchope, H., Wicander, S. & Sutherland, W.J. 2022. Introducing a common taxonomy to support learning from failure in conservation. Conservation Biology 37 Link to Article (DOI: 10.1111/cobi.13967)
Evans, L.C., Melero, Y., Schmucki, R., Boersch-Supan, P.H., Brotons, L., Fontaine, C., Jiguet, F., Kuussaari, M., Massimino, D., Robinson, R.A., Roy, D.B., Schweiger, O., Settele, J., Stefanescu, C., van Turnhout, C.A. & Oliver, T.H. 2022. Bioclimatic context of species' populations determines community stability. Global Ecology and Biogeography View Abstract Link to Article (DOI:
Tew, E.R., Conway, J.C., Henderson, I.G., Milodowski, D.T., Swinfield, T. & Sutherland, W.J. 2022. Recommendations to enhance breeding bird diversity in managed plantation forests determined using LiDAR. Ecological Applications Link to Article (DOI: 10.1002/eap.2678)
Gillings, S. & Harris, S.J. 2022. Estimating the carbon footprint of citizen science biodiversity monitoring. People & Nature Link to Article (DOI: 10.1002/pan3.10333)
Bellamy, P.E., Charman, E.C., Riddle, N., Kirby, W.B., Broome, A.C., Siriwardena, G.M., Grice, P.V., Peach, W.J. & Gregory, R.D. 2022. Impact of woodland agri-environment management on woodland structure and target bird species. Journal of Environmental Management 316 Link to Article (DOI: /10.1016/j.jenvman.2022.115221)
Woodward, I.D., Austin, G.E., Boersch-Supan, P.H., Thaxter, C.B. & Burton, N.H.K 2022. Assessing drivers of winter abundance change in Eurasian Curlews Numenius arquata in England and Wales. Bird Study Link to Article (DOI: 10.1080/00063657.2022.2049205)
Pringle, H. & Siriwardena, G. 2022. The potential for analyses of monitoring scheme data to inform about the impacts of invasive on native species. Biological Invasions Link to Article (DOI: 10.1007/s10530-022-02785-8)
Gauld, J.G., Silva, J.P., Atkinson, P.W., Record, P., Acácio, M., Arkumarev, V., Blas, J., Bouten, W., Burton, N., Catry, I., Champagnon, J., Clewley, G.D., Dagys, M., Duriez, O., Exo, M., Fiedler, W., Flack, A., Friedemann, G., Fritz, J., Garcia-Ripolles, C., Garthe, S., Giunchi, D., Grozdanov, A., Harel, R., Humphreys, E.M., Janssen, R., Kölzsch, A., Kulikova, O., Lameris, T.K., López-López, P., Masden, E.A., Monti, F., Nathan, R., Nikolov, S., Oppel, S., Peshev, H., Phipps, L., Pokrovsky, I., Ross-Smith, V.H., Saravia, V., Scragg, E.S., Sforzi, A., Stoynov, E., Thaxter, C., Van Steelant, W., van Toor, M., Vorneweg, B., Waldenström, J., Wikelski, M., Žydelis, R. & Franco, A.M.A. 2022. Hotspots in the grid: avian sensitivity and vulnerability to collision risk from energy infrastructure interactions in Europe and north Africa. Journal of Applied Ecology Link to Article (DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.14160)
Bowgen, K.M., Kettel, E.F., Butchart, S.H.M., Carr, J.A., Foden, W.B., Magin, G., Morecroft, M.D., Smith, R.K., Stein, B.A., Sutherland, W.G., Thaxter, C.B. & Pearce-Higgins, J.W. 2022. Conservation interventions can benefit species impacted by climate change. Biological Conservation 269 Link to Article (DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2022.109524)
Morrison, C.A., Butler, S.J., Clark, J.A., Arizaga, J., Baltà, O., Cepák, J., Nebot, A.L., Piha, M., Thorup, K., Wenninger, T. & Robinson, R.A. 2022. Demographic variation in space and time: implications for conservation targeting. Royal Society Open Science 9 (part 3) Link to Article (DOI: 10.1098/rsos.211671)
Border, J.A., Gillings, S., Reynolds, T., Neeve, G. & Newson, S.E. 2022. Can citizen science provide a solution for bat-friendly planning?. Landscape & Urban Planning 223 Link to Article (DOI: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2022.104402)
Johnston, D.T., Thaxter, C.B., Boersch-Supan, P.H., Humphreys, L., Bouten, W., Clewley, G.D., Scragg, E.S., Masden, E.A., Barber, L.J., Conway, G., Clark, N.A., Burton, N.H.K & Cook, A.S.C.P. 2022. Investigating avoidance and attraction responses in Lesser Black-backed Gulls Larus fuscus to offshore wind farms. Marine Ecology Progress Series 686 Link to Article (DOI: 10.3354/meps13964)
Lathouwers, M., Artois, T., Dendoncker, N., Beenaerts, N., Conway, G., Henderson, I., Kowalczyk, C., Davaasuren, B., Bayargur, S., Shewring. M., Cross, T., Ulenaers, E., Liechti, F. & Evens, R. 2022. Rush or relax: migration tactics of a nocturnal insectivore in response to ecological barriers. Scientific Reports 12 (part 4 964) Link to Article (DOI: 10.1038/s41598-022-09106-y)
O'Hanlon, N.J., Thaxter, C.B., Burton, N.H.K., Grant, D., Clark, N.A., Clewley, G.D., Conway, G.J., Barber, L.J., McGill, R.A.R. & Nager, R.G. 2022. Habitat selection and specialisation of Herring Gulls during the non-breeding season. Frontiers in Marine Science 9 Link to Article (DOI: 10.3389/fmars.2022.816881)
Hakkinen, H., Petrovan, S.O., Sutherland, W.J., Dias, M.P., Ameca, E.I., Oppel, S., Ramírez, I., Lawson, B., Lehikoinen, A., Bowgen, K.M., Taylor, N.G. & Pettorelli, N. 2022. Linking climate change vulnerability research and evidence on conservation action effectiveness to safeguard European seabird populations. Journal of Applied Ecology Link to Article (DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.14133)
Pearce-Higgins, J.W., Antãod, L.H., Batese, R.E., Bowgen, K.M., Bradshaw, C.D., Duffield, S.J., Ffoulkes, C., Franco, A.M.A., Geschkek, J., Gregory, R.D., Harley, M.J., Hodgson, J.A., Jenkins, R.L.M., Kapos, V., Maltby, K.M., Watts, O., Willis, S.G., Morecroft, M.D. 2022. A framework for climate change adaptation indicators for the natural environment. Ecological Indicators 136 Link to Article (DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2022.108690)
McLean, N., Kruuk, L.E.B., van der Jeugd, H.P., Leech, D., van Turnhout, C.A.M. & van de Pol, M. 2022. Warming temperatures drive at least half of the magnitude of long-term trait changes in European birds. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 119 Link to Article (DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2105416119)
Robinson, O.J., Socolar, J.B., Stuber, E.F., Auer, T., Berryman, A.J., Boersch-Supan, P., Brightsmith, D.J., Burbridge, D.J., Burbridge, A.H., Butchart, S.H.M., Davis, C.L., Dokter, A.M., Di Giacomo, A.S., Farnsworth, A., Fink, D., Hochachka, W.M., Holwell, P.E., La Sprte, F.A., Lees, A.C., Marsden, S., Martin, R., Martin, R.O., Masello, J.F., Miller, E.T., Moodley, Y., Musgrove, A., Noble, D., Ojeda, V., Quillfeldt, P., Royle, J.A., Ruiz-Gutierrez, V., Tella, J.L., Yorio, P., Youngflesh, C. & Johnston, A. 2022. Extreme uncertainty and unquantifiable bias do not inform population sizes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 119 Link to Article (DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2113862119)
Gillings, S., Balmer, D.E., Harris, S.J., Massimino, D. & Pearce-Higgins, J.W. 2022. Impacts of COVID-19 restrictions on capacity to monitor bird populations: a case study using the UK Breeding Bird Survey. Bird Study Link to Article (DOI: 10.1080/00063657.2021.2019187)
O'Reilly, E., Gregory, R.D., Aunins, A., Brotons, L., Chodkiewicz, T., Escandell, V., Foppen, R.P.B., Gamero, A., Herrando, S., Jiguet, F., Kålås, J.A., Kamp, J., Klvaňová, A., Lehikoinen, A., Lindström, Å., Massimino, D., Jostein Øien, I., Reif, J., Šilarová, E., Teufelbauer, N., Trautmann, S., van Turnhout, C., Vikstrøm, T., Voříšek, P. & Butler, S.J. 2022. An assessment of relative habitat use as a metric for species’ habitat association and degree of specialization. Ecological Indicators 135 Link to Article (DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2021.108521)
Soultan, A., Pavón-Jordán, D., Bradter, U., Sandercock, B., Hochachka, W., Johnston, A., Brommer, J., Gaget, E., Keller, V., Knaus, P., Aghababyan, K., Maxhuni, Q., Vintchevski, A., Nagy, K., Raudonikis, L., Balmer, D., Noble, D., Leitão, D., Øien, I.J., Shimmings, P., Sultanov, E., Caffrey, B., Boyla, D., Radišić, Lindström, Å., Velevski, M., Pladevall, C., Brotons, L., Karel, Š., Rajković, D.Z., Chodkiewicz, T., Wilk, T.,. Tibor, S., van Turnhout, C., Foppen, R., Burfield, I., Vikstrøm, T., Mazal, V.D., Eaton, M., Vorisek, P., Lehikoinen, A., Herrando, S., Kuzmenko, T., Bauer, H-G., Kalyakin, M., Voltzit, O., Sjeničić, J. & Pärt, T. 2022. The future distribution of wetland birds breeding in Europe validated against observed changes in distribution. Environmental Research Letters Link to Article (DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/ac4ebe)
Dombrovski, V.C., Zhurauliou, D.V. & Ashton-Butt, A. 2022. Long-term effects of rewilding on species composition: 22 years of raptor monitoring in the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone. Restoration Ecology Link to Article (DOI: 10.1111/rec.13633)
Alba, R., Kasoar, T., Chamberlain, D., Buchanhan, Thompson, D. & Pearce-Higgins, J.W. 2022. Drivers of change in mountain and upland bird populations in Europe. Ibis 164 (part 3) : 635-648 Link to Article (DOI: /10.1111/ibi.13043)
Critchlow, R., Cunningham, C.A., Crick, H.Q.P., Macgregor, N.A., Morecroft, M.D., Pearce-Higgins, J.W., Oliver, T.H., Carroll, M.J. & Beale, C.M. 2022. Multi-taxa spatial conservation planning reveals similar priorities between taxa and improved protected area representation with climate change. Biodiversity and Conservation Link to Article (DOI: 10.1007/s10531-022-02357-1)
Bowgen, K.M., Wright, L.J., Calbrade, N.A., Coker, D., Dodd, S.G., Hainsworth, I., Howells, R.J., Hughes, D.S., Jenks, P., Murphy, M.D., Sanderson, W.G., Taylor, R.C. & Burton, N.H.K 2022. Resilient protected area network enables species adaptation that mitigates the impact of a crash in food supply. Marine Ecology Progress Series 681 : 211-225 Link to Article (DOI: 10.3354/meps13922)
Clewley, G.D., Clark, N.A., Thaxter, C.B., Green, R.M., Scragg, E.S. & Burton, N.H.K. 2021. Development of a weak-link wing harness for use on large gulls (Laridae): methodology, evaluation and recommendations. Seabird 33 : 18-34 View Abstract
Gaget, E.. Johnston, A., Pavón Jordán, D., Lehikoinen, A., Sandercock, B., Soultan, A., Božič, L., Clausen, P., Devos, K., Domsa, C., Encarnação, V., Faragó, S., Fitzgerald, N., Frost, T., Gaudard, C., Gosztonyi, L., Haas, F., Hornman, M., Langendoen, T., Ieronymidou, C., Luiujoe, L., Meissner, W., Mikuska, T., Molina, B., Musilová, Z., Paquet, J.-Y., Petkov, N., Portolou, D., Ridzoň, J., Sniauksta, L., Stīpniece, A., Teufelbauer, N., Wahl, J.,; Zenatello, M. & Brommer, J. 2021. Pinpointing which protected area characteristics help community response to climate warming: waterbirds in the European Union’s Natura 2000 network. Conservation Biology Link to Article (DOI: 10.1111/cobi.13877)
Brides, K., Wood, K.A., Hall, C., Burke, B., McElwaine, E., Einarsson, Ó., Calbrade, N., Hill, O. & Rees, E.C. 2021. The Icelandic Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus population: current status and long-term (1986–2020) trends in its numbers and distribution. Wildfowl Journal 71 : 29-57 View Abstract
Väli, Ü., Dombrovski, V., Maciorowski, G., Sellis, U. & Ashton Butt, A. 2021. Spatial and temporal differences in migration strategies among endangered European Greater Spotted Eagles Clanga clanga. Bird Conservation International Link to Article (DOI: 10.1017/S0959270921000411)
Langley, L.P., Bearhop, S., Burton, N.H.K., Banks, A.N., Frayling, T., Thaxter, C., Clewley G., Scragg, E. & Votier, S.C. 2021. GPS tracking reveals landfill closures induce higher foraging effort and habitat switching in gulls. Movement Ecology Link to Article (DOI: 10.1186/s40462-021-00278-2)
Breiner, F.T., Anand, M., Butchart, S.H.M., Flörke, M., Fluet-Chouinard, E., Guisan, A., Hilarides, L., Jones, V.R., Kalyakin, M., Lehner, B., Leeuwen, M., Pearce-Higgins, J.W., Voltzit, O. & Nagy, S. 2021. Setting priorities for climate change adaptation of Critical Sites in the Africa-Eurasian waterbird flyways. Global Change Biology Link to Article (DOI: 10.1111/gcb.15961)
Kettel, E., Thaxter, C.B., Oppel, S., Carryer, A., Innis, L. & Pearce-Higgins, J.W. 2021. Better utilisation and transparency of bird data collected by powerline companies. Journal of Environmental Management 302 Link to Article (DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2021.114063)
Morrison C.A., Auniņš A., Benkő Z., Brotons L., Chodkiewicz T., Chylarecki P., Escandell V., Eskildsen D.P, Gamero A., Herrando S., Jiguet F., Kålås J.A., Kamp J., Klvaňová A., Kmecl P., Lehikoinen A., Lindström Å., Moshøj C., Noble D.G., Øien I.J., Paquet J-Y., Reif J., Sattler T., Seaman B.S., Teufelbauer N., Trautmann S., van Turnhout C.A.M., Vořišek P. & Butler S.J. 2021. Bird population declines and species turnover are changing the acoustic properties of spring soundscapes. Nature Communications View Abstract Link to Article (DOI: 10.1038/s41467-021-26488-1)
Fuller, R. 2021. Woodland management and birds. Part 2. Conservation measures and strategies. Quarterly Journal of Forestry 115 (part 4) : 238-244
Mander, L., Scapin, L., Thaxter, C.B., Forster, R. & Burton, N.H.K. 2021. Long term changes in the abundance of benthic foraging birds in a restored wetland. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution Link to Article (DOI: 10.3389/fevo.2021.673148)
Thomas, A., Cosby, B.J., Gooday, R., Lyons, H., Siriwardena, G., Kettel, E., Matthews, D., Beauchamp, K., Petr, M. & Emmet, B.A. 2021. Rapid adaptive modelling for policy support towards achieving Sustainable Development Goals: Brexit and the livestock sector in Wales. Environmental Science & Policy 125 Elsevier : 21-31 Link to Article (DOI: 10.1016/j.envsci.2021.08.009)
Clewley, G. D., Barber, L.J., Conway, G.J., Clark, N.A., Donato, B.J., Thaxter, C.B. & Burton, N.H.K. 2021. Foraging habitat selection by breeding Herring Gull (Larus argentatus) from a declining coastal colony in the United Kingdom. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 261 Link to Article (DOI: 10.1016/j.ecss.2021.107564)
Gosal, A.S., McMahon, J.A., Bowgen, K.M., Hoppe, C.H. & Ziv, G. 2021. Identifying and Mapping Groups of Protected Area Visitors by Environmental Awareness. Land 10 Link to Article (DOI: 10.3390/land10060560)
Chang, Q., Ki, T.L.T., Anderson, G.Q.A., Brides, K., Clark, N.A., Ding, J., Leung, K.K.S., Li, J., Melville, D.S., Phillips, J., Weston, E., Yang, Z. & Green, R.E. 2021. Numbers of Spoon-billed Sandpipers in Jiangsu Province, China, during the post-breeding moult in relation to recent changes in the intertidal zone.. Wader Study 128 (part 2) : 125-136 View Abstract Link to Article (DOI: 10.18194/ws.00233)
Hughes, R., O'Hanlon, N.J., Calladine, J. & Harvey, P.V. 2021. The Shetland Bird Survey: Population trends for widespead breeding birds 2002-2019. Bird Study/Ringing & Migration View Abstract Link to Article (DOI: 10.1080/00063657.2021.1955823)
Fuller, R. 2021. Woodland management and birds. Part 1. Sylvicultural systems and tree species.. Quarterly Journal of Forestry 115 : 168-174