Publication Year
Featured Publication
Peer-reviewed papers
Bird Atlas 2007-11 cover

Breeding and wintering bird distributions in Britain and Ireland from citizen science bird atlases

Open access atlases

2019 | Gillings, S., Balmer, D.E., Caffrey, B.J., Downie, I.S., Gibbons, D.W., Lack, P.C., Reid, J.B., Sharrock, J.T.R., Swann, R.L. & Fuller, R.J. Global Ecology and Biogeography

BTO has been working with volunteer-sourced atlas data for many decades. Now we are taking the bold step of making the full archive of distribution data freely available for anyone to use.

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Latest Publications

Peer-reviewed papers
Bird Atlas 2007-11 cover

Breeding and wintering bird distributions in Britain and Ireland from citizen science bird atlases

Open access atlases

2019 | Gillings, S., Balmer, D.E., Caffrey, B.J., Downie, I.S., Gibbons, D.W., Lack, P.C., Reid, J.B., Sharrock, J.T.R., Swann, R.L. & Fuller, R.J. Global Ecology and Biogeography

BTO has been working with volunteer-sourced atlas data for many decades. Now we are taking the bold step of making the full archive of distribution data freely available for anyone to use.

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Peer-reviewed papers

Incorporating fine-scale environmental heterogeneity into broad-extent models

2019 | Graham, L.J., Spake, R., Gillings, S., Watts, K. & Eigenbrod, F. Methods in Ecology and Evolution

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Estimates of waterbird numbers wintering in Ireland, 2011/12–2015/16

2019 | Burke, B., Lewis, L. J., Fitzgerald, N., Frost, T., Austin, G. & Tierney, T. D. Irish Birds

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Peer-reviewed papers
Linnet. By John Harding.

Bird conservation and the land sharing‐sparing continuum in farmland‐dominated landscapes of lowland England

Spare or share to benefit biodiversity?

2019 | Finch, T., Gillings, S., Green, R.E., Massimino, D., Peach, W.J. & Balmford, A. Conservation Biology

Agriculture is necessary to meet the food demands of an increasing human population, but it is also a leading threat to biodiversity, both because natural habitats are destroyed when land is converted to agricultural use and because the intensive management of existing agricultural land has negative consequences for many species. For this reason, scientists are studying strategies to mitigate the impacts of agriculture on biodiversity.

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Hybrid expert ensembles for identifying unreliable data in citizen science

2019 | Wessels, P., Moran, N., Johnston, A. & Wang, W. Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence

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Peer-reviewed papers

Correlates of alternative migratory strategies in western bluebirds

2019 | Dale, C.A., Nocera, J.J., Franks, S.E., Kyser, T.K. & Ratcliffe, L.M. Journal of Avian Biology

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Peer-reviewed papers
Knot flock by Dawn Balmer

Population estimates of wintering waterbirds in Great Britain

Waders wane while geese gain

2019 | Frost, T.M., Austin,G.E., Hearn, R.D., McAvoy, S.G., Robinson, A.E., Stroud, D.A., Woodward, I.D. & Wotton, S.R. British Birds

A major new study led by BTO, working with the Wetland Bird Survey (WeBS) partners, JNCC, RSPB and in association with WWT, provides detailed information on the importance of Great Britain for waterbirds each winter.

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Peer-reviewed papers

Effects of individual misidentification on estimates of survival in long-term mark–resight studies

2019 | Tucker, A.M., McGowan, C.P., Robinson, R.A., Clark, J.A., Lyons, J.E., DeRose-Wilson, A., Du Feu, R., Austin, G.E., Atkinson, P.W. & Clark, N.A. The Condor

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Peer-reviewed papers

Weak effects of geolocators on small birds: a meta‐analysis controlled for phylogeny and publication bias

2019 | Brlík V, Koleček J, Burgess M, Hahn S, Humple D, Krist M, Ouwehand J, Weiser EL, Adamík P, Alves JA, Arlt D, Barišić S, Becker D, Belda EJ, Beran V, Both C, Bravo SP, Briedis M, Chutný B, Ćiković D, Cooper NW, Costa JS, Cueto VR, Emmenegger T, Fraser K, Gilg O, Guerrero M, Hallworth MT, Hewson C, Jiguet F, Johnson JA, Kelly T, Kishkinev D, Leconte M, Lislevand T, Lisovski S, López C, McFarland KP, Marra PP, Matsuoka SM, Matyjasiak P, Meier CM, Metzger B, Monrós JS, Neumann R, Newman A, Norris R, Pärt T, Pavel V, Perlut N, Piha M, Reneerkens J, Rimmer CC, Roberto‐Charron A, Scandolara C, Sokolova N, Takenaka M, Tolkmitt D, van Oosten H, Wellbrock AHJ, Wheeler H, van der Winden J, Witte K, Woodworth B & Procházka P Journal of Animal Ecology

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Peer-reviewed papers
Corn Bunting by Mark R Taylor

The consequences of land sparing for birds in the United Kingdom

Land sparing and bird conservation

2019 | Lamb, A., Finch, T., Pearce‐Higgins, J.W., Ausden, M., Balmford, A., Feniuk, C., Hirons, G., Massimino, D. & Green, R.E. Journal of Applied Ecology

As demand for food increases, a crucial question in conservation is how to limit the negative impacts of agriculture on biodiversity. ‘Land sparing’ has been proposed as a strategy to address this problem, with high-yield agriculture minimising the area of farmland so that other land can be spared for conservation. Research – mostly from tropical regions – suggests that most species would achieve larger populations under a land-sparing strategy than under a strategy in which lower-yielding wildlife-friendly farmland delivers food production over a larger total area.

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Spatial and habitat variation in aphid, butterfly, moth and bird phenologies over the last half century

2019 | Bell, J.R., Botham, M.S., Henrys, P.A., Leech, D.I., Pearce-Higgins, J.W., Shortall, C.R., Brereton, T.M., Pickup, J. & Thackeray, S.J. Global Change Biology

Global warming has advanced the timing of biological events, potentially leading to disruption across trophic levels.

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Peer-reviewed papers

Habitat- and species-mediated short- and long-term distributional changes in waterbird abundance linked to variation in European winter weather.

2019 | Pavon-Jordan, D., Clausen, P., Dagys, M., Devos, K., Encarnacao, V., Fox, A.D., Frost, T., Gaudard, C., Hornman, M., Keller, V., Langendoen, T., Lawicki, L., Lewis, L.J., Lorentsen, S.H., Luigujoe, L., Meissner, W., Molina, B., Musil, P., Musilova, Z., Nilsson, L., Paquet, J.Y., Ridzon, J., Stipniece, A., Teufelbauer, N., Wahl, J., Zenatello, M. & Lehikoinen, A. Diversity and Distributions

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Peer-reviewed papers

Estimating age‐dependent survival from age‐aggregated ringing data—extending the use of historical records

2019 | Jiménez‐Muñoz M., Cole D.J., Freeman S.N., Robinson R.A., Baillie S.R., Matechou E. Ecology and Evolution

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Peer-reviewed papers

Advances in modelling demographic processes: The Euring 2017 Analytical Meeting

2019 | Robinson R.A., Gardner B. Methods in Ecology and Evolution

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Peer-reviewed papers
Ringed Plover, photograph by Jill Pakenham

Breeding populations of Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius and Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula in the United Kingdom in 2007

A tale of two plovers

2019 | Conway G.J., Austin G.E., Handschuh M., Drewitt A.L. & Burton N.H.K. Bird Study

BTO research sheds light on the differing fortunes of two small UK-breeding waders.

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Peer-reviewed papers

Exploring relationships between land use intensity, habitat heterogeneity and biodiversity to identify and monitor areas of High Nature Value farming

2019 | Maskell L.C., Botham M., Henrys P., Jarvis S., Maxwell D., Robinson D.A., Rowland C.S., Siriwardena G., Smart S., Skates J., Tebbs E.J., Tordoff G.M.,Emmett B.A Biological Conservation

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Peer-reviewed papers
Tagged Cuckoo, photograph by Chris Hewson

Effects of tracking devices on individual birds – a review of the evidence

Tracking a research revolution

2019 | Geen G.R., Robinson R.A., Baillie S.R. Journal of Avian Biology

Newly-published work by BTO has reviewed the long-term patterns in the use of tracking devices on individual birds, and how the effects of the use of such devices are reported. This work highlights the continuing need for more systematic documentation of potential effects in peer-reviewed publications, to support more rigorous science and to further improve bird welfare.

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Peer-reviewed papers

The Scottish Raptor Monitoring Scheme: recent developments in good practice monitoring

2019 | Challis A., Edwards C., Heavisides A., Holling M., Kortland K., Mattingley W., Riddle G., Roos S., Stevenson A., Stirling-Aird P.K., Stroud D.A., Wernham C.V., Wilson M.W. Bird Study

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