Charadriidae - Plovers
The plovers and lapwings form a group of morphologically similar birds, all have moderately long legs and relatively large, rounded heads with short, stubby bills and large eyes. The lapwings tend to be slightly larger than the plovers with more rounded wings; they also often have distinctive crests or wattles. All species feed by sight on invertebrates, with a distinctive watch-run-peck foraging mode. It has recently been realised that many will even feed at night when the moon is bright; this can account for a significant proportion of their foraging time. They occur throughout the world, from the tideline to mountain meadows. Although classified as waders (and some do occur near water, particularly in the non-breeding season), they are really birds of open grassland. While most are monogamous, the Dotterel is one of the few European species to be polyandrous - a female will lay two or more clutches, each incubated by a different male.
The commonest plover in Britain is the Ringed Plover, which breeds on sandy and shingle beaches around the coasts of Britain, though its cryptic colours mean that it can be hard to spot! The Lapwing leads something of a double life, being generally found on inland wet grassland in summer and around our coasts in winter.
Regularly Occurring Species
Scotland's winter visitors: why and how do they migrate?
From geese and swans to thrushes and warblers, discover the secrets of our winter birds' migration.