Habitat forms a natural way of classifying wildlife populations, such as woodland birds, but determining how many of which species might be found in a habitat patch and how numbers change over time is complex. Field surveys, analyses of scheme data and targeted experiments by BTO have investigated habitat composition effects, such as of woodland structure, farmland heterogeneity, connectivity among freshwaters and heathland vegetation, on bird abundance, movements, breeding success and survival.
Multi-taxa spatial conservation planning reveals similar priorities between taxa and improved protected area representation with climate change
Pinpointing which protected area characteristics help community response to climate warming: waterbirds in the European Union’s Natura 2000 network
Resilient protected area network enables species adaptation that mitigates the impact of a crash in food supply
Oystercatcher numbers are declining in the UK, in line with the trends for wader species globally, and with ever greater anthropogenic changes to wader habitats, it is vital we understand the...
Sensitivity mapping for breeding waders
Models to be used towards the development of tools to guide, inform and minimise conflict between wader conservation and forest expansion.
Spatial and temporal differences in migration strategies among endangered European Greater Spotted Eagles Clanga clanga
The Greater Spotted Eagle is a Critically Endangered species, with fewer than 1,000 breeding pairs remaining in Europe. A summer visitor to the continent, the species' wintering distribution is...
GPS tracking reveals landfill closures induce higher foraging effort and habitat switching in gulls
During the 20th century, gull populations across the globe increased rapidly in response to human activities, with the availability of waste food in landfill sites a key driver of their success....
Herring Gulls aren't after your chips
New BTO research using GPS tracking reveals that declining Herring Gulls are more likely to be foraging on Mussels than pilfering chips.
Sensitivities to land use change by breeding Short-eared Owl (Asio flammeus) in Britain
Populations of Short-eared Owls are declining across many parts of their range, including here in Britain, where their breeding range contracted between 1990 and 2010. The relationships between a...
Wader population trends on the UK's open coast
Newly published research from BTO underlines the importance of the UK’s rocky shores and sandy beaches for waterbird species.
The State of the UK's Birds 2020
Providing an annual overview of the status of the UK’s breeding and non-breeding bird species in the UK, this year’s report highlights the continuing poor fortunes of the UK’s woodland birds,...
Evaluating spatially explicit sharing‐sparing scenarios for multiple environmental outcomes
The urban sprawl
BTO's Head and Principal Ecologist, Gavin Siriwardena, explains how the urban landscape is affecting our wild bird populations.
BTO and COVID-19
BTO statement on participating in surveys during the Coronavirus pandemic (UPDATED 17.01.2022).
Survey determines drivers of House Martin breeding success
Latest research based on the House Martin Survey shows that one of the simplest ways to help House Martins is to provide artificial nesting cups.
BTO in Belarus: the Polesia project
Adham Ashton-Butt explains how BTO is involved in a cross-organisational project in Polesia, one of the last remaining wildernesses in Europe.
Restoring and protecting Polesia wilderness
BTO is participating in species research and monitoring that is underpinning a large-scale landscape restoration project in Belarus and Ukraine, aimed at protecting and restoring the wetland...
Do drones disturb wintering waterbirds?
Newly published research, carried out by staff at BTO Scotland, has investigated the response to wintering waterbirds to drones, and shown that they can be easily scared into flight by drone use.
Can microclimate offer refuge to an upland bird species under climate change?
Climate change is now widely recognised as having a large impact on biodiversity, affecting species distributions at a large spatial scale. Previous BTO research has demonstrated a change in...
Earth Observation Data Integration Pilot Project 5 - Developing community and crowd-sourced validation of 'Living Maps'
Earth Observation data offer great potential for a range of terrestrial surveillance and management issues. Living Maps – land cover maps with a focus on priority semi-natural habitats – are...
Positive impacts of important bird and biodiversity areas on wintering waterbirds under changing temperatures throughout Europe and North Africa
Invasion of freshwater ecosystems is promoted by network connectivity to hotspots of human activity
Unlocking the science to reveal the state of nature
David Noble takes a sober look at the latest State of Nature Report.
Bird responses to housing development in intensively managed agricultural landscapes
Like in many countries, Britain faces the challenge of housing a growing population, but urban expansion to address this can lead to locally high rates of biodiversity loss, along with fragmentation...