Habitat forms a natural way of classifying wildlife populations, such as woodland birds, but determining how many of which species might be found in a habitat patch and how numbers change over time is complex. Field surveys, analyses of scheme data and targeted experiments by BTO have investigated habitat composition effects, such as of woodland structure, farmland heterogeneity, connectivity among freshwaters and heathland vegetation, on bird abundance, movements, breeding success and survival.
Earth Observation Data Integration Pilot Project 5 - Developing community and crowd-sourced validation of 'Living Maps'
Earth Observation data offer great potential for a range of terrestrial surveillance and management issues. Living Maps – land cover maps with a focus on priority semi-natural habitats – are...
Positive impacts of important bird and biodiversity areas on wintering waterbirds under changing temperatures throughout Europe and North Africa
Pick up a birding book bargain
A suite of BTO publications are on offer in our store, with some substantial savings to be had.
BTO and COVID-19
BTO statement on participating in surveys during the Coronavirus pandemic (UPDATED- 6.7.2020).
Invasion of freshwater ecosystems is promoted by network connectivity to hotspots of human activity
Unlocking the science to reveal the state of nature
David Noble takes a sober look at the latest State of Nature Report.
Bird responses to housing development in intensively managed agricultural landscapes
Like in many countries, Britain faces the challenge of housing a growing population, but urban expansion to address this can lead to locally high rates of biodiversity loss, along with fragmentation...
<p>Habitat diversity and structure regulate British bird richness: Implications of non-linear relationships for conservation</p>
<p>Quantifying the importance of multi‐scale management and environmental variables on moorland bird abundance</p>
Hydrologically driven ecosystem processes determine the distribution and persistence of ecosystem-specialist predators under climate change
Spare or share to benefit biodiversity?
Agriculture is necessary to meet the food demands of an increasing human population, but it is also a leading threat to biodiversity, both because natural habitats are destroyed when land is...
Waders wane while geese gain
A major new study led by BTO, working with the Wetland Bird Survey (WeBS) partners, JNCC, RSPB and in association with WWT, provides detailed information on the importance of Great Britain for...
Habitat- and species-mediated short- and long-term distributional changes in waterbird abundance linked to variation in European winter weather.
Help monitor waders in NI grasslands
Investigating whether Northern Irish lowland grasslands are supporting breeding waders.
A tale of two plovers
BTO research sheds light on the differing fortunes of two small UK-breeding waders.
Review of data and monitoring options for assessing the status of breeding wader populations in the Yorkshire Dales National Park
This report assesses the availability and quality of information relating to breeding populations of six of the most numerous wader species (Oystercatcher, Golden Plover, Lapwing, Snipe, Curlew,...
How birdwatchers can tell us about declining mammals
The UK’s mammals present particular challenges for monitoring; they live in a wide variety of habitats, vary enormously in size and can be very difficult to see, but as this paper shows,...
Can volunteers’ data be used to monitor land cover change?
A new study shows that Breeding Bird Survey data can help with habitat monitoring.
Cuckoos: England’s loss is Scotland’s gain
The Cuckoo is quickly declining from the English countryside, but this new study using BTO data shows that despite its decline in the south of the UK, it is increasing in the Scottish Highlands, the...
Understanding the influence of habitat upon breeding Woodcock numbers in Britain
Woodcock are in long-term decline. Due to incomplete knowledge of their habitat requirements, there is uncertainty as to what causes these declines. A BTO/GWCT survey investigates Woodcock habitat...
Implications of transformation to irregular silviculture for woodland birds: A stand wise comparison in an English broadleaf woodland
Woodland birds in Britain have undergone significant long term declines since the late 1960s, associated in particular with changes in woodland structure in general, and loss of early successional...
Ecology and Conservation of Forest Birds
Ecology and Conservation of Forest Birds is a unique review of current understanding of the relationships between forest birds and their changing environments. Large ecological changes are being...
One hundred priority questions for landscape restoration in Europe
We present the results of a process to attempt to identify 100 questions that, if answered, would make a substantial difference to terrestrial and marine landscape restoration in Europe....
Implications of lowland broadleaved woodland management for the conservation of target bird species
This research consisted of a literature review and field study which investigated woodland management for birds within ...
What does 'traditional' management really mean?
Management for conservation often attempts to replicate the practices that were prevalent in historical times. There does, however, appear to be a lack of understanding of exactly what...
Effects of deer on woodland structure revealed through terrestrial laser scanning
Terrestrial laser scanning (TLS) captures the three‐dimensional structure of habitats. Compared to traditional methods of forest mensuration, it allows quantification of structure at increased...
Human activities and biodiversity opportunities in pre‐industrial cultural landscapes: relevance to conservation
1.Conservation practices in Europe frequently attempt to perpetuate or mimic the ‘tradi-tional’ forms of management of semi-natural habitats, but with a limited understanding of what these...