Habitat forms a natural way of classifying wildlife populations, such as woodland birds, but what determines how many of which species might be found in a habitat patch and how numbers change over time are complex questions. Field surveys, analyses of scheme data and targeted experiments by the BTO have investigated habitat composition effects, such as of woodland structure, farmland heterogeneity connectivity among freshwaters and heathland vegetation, on abundance, movements, breeding success and survival.
Hydrologically driven ecosystem processes determine the distribution and persistence of ecosystem-specialist predators under climate change
Spare or share to benefit biodiversity?
Agriculture is necessary to meet the food demands of an increasing human population, but it is also a leading threat to biodiversity, both because natural habitats are destroyed when land is converted to agricultural use and because the intensive management of existing agricultural land has...
Waders wane while geese gain
A major new study led by BTO, working with the Wetland Bird Survey (WeBS) partners, JNCC, RSPB and in association with WWT, provides detailed information on the importance of Great Britain for waterbirds each winter.
Habitat- and species-mediated short- and long-term distributional changes in waterbird abundance linked to variation in European winter weather.
Help monitor waders in NI grasslands
Help investigate whether Northern Irish lowland grasslands are supporting breeding waders.
A tale of two plovers
BTO research sheds light on the differing fortunes of two small UK-breeding waders.
Review of data and monitoring options for assessing the status of breeding wader populations in the Yorkshire Dales National Park
How birdwatchers can tell us about declining mammals
The UK’s mammals present particular challenges for monitoring; they live in a wide variety of habitats, vary enormously in size and can be very difficult to see, but as this paper shows, Britain’s army of volunteer bird surveyors could come to the rescue.
Can volunteers’ data be used to monitor land cover change?
A new study shows that Breeding Bird Survey data can help with habitat monitoring.
Cuckoos: England’s loss is Scotland’s gain
The Cuckoo is quickly declining from the English countryside, but this new study using BTO data shows that despite its decline in the south of the UK, it is increasing in the Scottish Highlands, the population is increasing.
Understanding the influence of habitat upon breeding Woodcock numbers in Britain
Woodcock are in long-term decline. Due to incomplete knowledge of their habitat requirements, there is uncertainty as to what causes these declines. A BTO/GWCT survey investigates Woodcock habitat associations.
Implications of transformation to irregular silviculture for woodland birds: A stand wise comparison in an English broadleaf woodland
Implications of lowland broadleaved woodland management for the conservation of target bird species
Human activities and biodiversity opportunities in pre‐industrial cultural landscapes: relevance to conservation
Shaping positive engagements with urban birds
There is growing evidence that interactions with birds in our towns and cities can provide people with feelings of being connected with nature; such interactions can also have positive effects of human well-being. Within the field of ecosystem services such forms of benefit are known as ‘cultural...
Assessing the habitat use of Lesser Black-backed Gulls (Larus fuscus) from the Bowland Fells SPA - ANNEX 1 - 2017 update
Assessing habitat use of Herring Gulls in the Morecambe Bay SPA using GPS tracking devices
Take part in BBS - counting for conservation
The Breeding Bird Survey is the main scheme for monitoring the population changes of the UK’s common and widespread breeding birds.