BTO Scotland publications

Recent publications written by and resulting from work by BTO Scotland staff.
Peer-reviewed papers
Loth Ferry Port, Sanday, Orkney.

Behavioural responses of non-breeding waterbirds to marine traffic in the near-shore environment

2022 | Jarrett, D., Calladine, J., Cook, A.S.C.P., Upton, A., Williams, J.,Williams, S., Wilson, J.M., Wilson, M.W., Woodward, I. & Humphreys, E.M. Bird Study

Peer-reviewed papers
Whinchat. Edmund Fellowes

Upward elevational shift by breeding Whinchat Saxicola rubetra in response to cessation of grazing in upland grassland

Whinchats move upwards when grazing stops

2021 | Calladine, J. & Jarrett, D. Bird Study

Changes in land use cause breeding Whinchat to head for higher ground.

Peer-reviewed papers
Lapwing in flight. Allan Drewitt

The Shetland Bird Survey: Population trends for widespead breeding birds 2002-2019

The Shetland Bird Survey: Population trends

2021 | Hughes, R., O'Hanlon, N.J., Calladine, J. & Harvey, P.V. Bird Study/Ringing & Migration

Population trends are estimated for the first time for twelve species based on Shetland Breeding Bird Survey data collected between 2002 and 2019.

Peer-reviewed papers
Oystercatcher feeding along the shoreline

Wader populations on the UK’s open coast: results of the 2015/16 Non-Estuarine Waterbird Survey (NEWS-III) and a review of population trends

Wader population trends on the UK's open coast

2021 | Humphreys, E.M., Austin, G.E., Frost, T.M., Mellan, H.J., Boersch-Supan, P., Burton, N.H.K., Balmer, D.E. Bird Study

Newly published research from BTO underlines the importance of the UK’s rocky shores and sandy beaches for waterbird species.

BirdTrends
Meadow Pipit. Graham Clarke

BirdTrends 2020: Trends in numbers, breeding success and survival for UK breeding birds

2021 | Woodward, I.D., Massimino, D., Hammond, M.J., Barber, L., Barimore, C., Harris, S.J., Leech, D.I., Noble, D.G., Walker, R.H., Baillie, S.R. & Robinson, R.A.

The BTO's BirdTrends report is a one-stop shop for information about the population status of the common breeding birds of the wider UK countryside.

Research Reports
Northern Ireland Lowland Breeding Wader Survey (cover)

Northern Ireland Lowland Breeding Wader Survey

2021 | Booth Jones, K., O’Connell, P., Calladine, J., Noble, D., Wolsey, S., Carrington-Cotton A. & Wernham, C. BTO Research Report 731

Peer-reviewed papers
Peregrine. Philip Croft

Contrasting long‐term trends in age‐specific survival of Peregrine Falcons (Falco peregrinus) in Britain using smoothed estimates of recovery probabilities

Living fast: using ringing data to look at survival of British Peregrines

2021 | Robinson, R.A. & Wilson, M. Ibis

The State of the UK's Birds
BTO volunteers. David Tipling

The State of the UK's Birds 2020

2020 | Burns, F., Eaton, M.A., Balmer, D.E., Banks, A., Caldow, R., Donelan, J.L., Douse, A., Duigan, C., Foster, S., Frost, T., Grice, P.V., Hall, C., Hanmer, H.J., Harris, S.J., Johnstone, I., Lindley, P., McCulloch, N., Noble, D.G., Risely, K., Robinson, R.A. & Wotton, S.

Providing an annual overview of the status of the UK’s breeding and non-breeding bird species in the UK, this year’s report highlights the continuing poor fortunes of the UK’s woodland birds, and the huge efforts of BTO volunteers collecting data.

Peer-reviewed papers
Loch A'an, Steve Willis

Delivering robust population trends for Scotland's widespread breeding birds

2020 | Darvill, B., Harris, S.J., Martay, B., Wilson, M. & Gillings, S. Scottish Birds

Research from BTO Scotland investigating how to improve the effectiveness of the BTO/JNCC/RSPB Breeding Bird Survey (BBS) in monitoring Scotland’s birds.

Peer-reviewed papers
Pink-footed Goose flock, Chris Knights

Behavioural responses of non-breeding waterbirds to drone approach are associated with flock size and habitat

Do drones disturb wintering waterbirds?

2020 | Jarrett, D., Calladine, J., Cotton, A., Wilson, M.W. & Humphreys, E. Bird Study

Newly published research, carried out by staff at BTO Scotland, has investigated the response to wintering waterbirds to drones, and shown that they can be easily scared into flight by drone use.

Research Reports
RR727_cover.jpg

Audit of local studies of breeding Curlew and other waders in Britain and Ireland

2020 | Wilson, M., Calladine, J. & Wernham, C.

The Eurasian Curlew is widely considered to be one of the highest bird conservation priorities in the UK and Ireland. A number of other breeding waders have also showed marked declines during a similar time frame, and a multitude of field initiatives across Britain and Ireland have been established, or tailored, to support conservation of these wader species. This audit aimed to collate information from as many of these breeding wader projects as possible, to allow BTO to assess how best it might assist local to national initiatives through partnership working in future.

Peer-reviewed papers

A schematic sampling protocol for contaminant monitoring in raptors

2020 | Espín, S., Andevski, J., Duke, G., Eulaers, I., Gómez-Ramírez, P., Hallgrimsson, G.T., Helander, B., Herzke, D., Jaspers, V.L.B., Krone, O., Lourenço, R., María-Mojica, P., Martínez-López, E., Mateo, R., Movalli, P., Sánchez-Virosta, P., Shore, R.F., Sonne, C., van den Brink, N.W., van Hattum, B., Vrezec, A., Wernham, C. & García-Fernández, A.J. Ambio

Peer-reviewed papers

Integrating scientific and local knowledge to address conservation conflicts: Towards a practical framework based on lessons learned from a Scottish case study

2020 | Ainsworth, G.B., Redpath, S.M., Wilson, M., Wernham, C. & Young, J.C. Environmental Science & Policy

Peer-reviewed papers
Pheasant. Jill Pakenham.

Associations between gamebird releases and general predators

2019 | Pringle, H., Wilson, M., Calladine, J. & Siriwardena, G.M. Journal of Applied Ecology

Pheasants and Red-legged Partridges for commercial shoots may be boosting numbers of the avian predators and scavengers.

Research Reports
BTO Research Report 715 cover

Investigating wader breeding productivity in the East Cairngorms Moorland Partnership Area using collaborative methods

2019 | Jarrett D., Calladine J., Milner J., Wernham C., Wilson M.

Breeding wader populations have declined significantly in recent decades in the UK. During this time, areas of moorland managed for grouse shooting and adjacent areas of rough pasture have been identified as persisting strongholds.

Peer-reviewed papers

The Scottish Raptor Monitoring Scheme: recent developments in good practice monitoring

2019 | Challis A., Edwards C., Heavisides A., Holling M., Kortland K., Mattingley W., Riddle G., Roos S., Stevenson A., Stirling-Aird P.K., Stroud D.A., Wernham C.V., Wilson M.W. Bird Study

Peer-reviewed papers

Declining population trends of European mountain birds

2019 | Lehikoinen, A., Brotons, L., Calladine, J., Campedelli, T., Escandell, V., Flousek, J., Grueneberg, C., Haas, F., Harris, S.J., Herrando, S., Husby, M., Jiguet, F., Atle, J., Åke, K., Romain, L., Blas, L., Clara, M., Gianpiero, P., Thomas, C., Hans, S., Sirkiä, P.M., Teufelbauer, N. & Trautmann, S. Global Change Biology

Mountain areas often hold special species communities, and they are high on the list of conservation concern.

Research Reports
BTO Research Report 713

Review of data and monitoring options for assessing the status of breeding wader populations in the Yorkshire Dales National Park

2018 | Wilson M., Jarrett D., & Calladine J. BTO Research Report

This report assesses the availability and quality of information relating to breeding populations of six of the most numerous wader species (Oystercatcher, Golden Plover, Lapwing, Snipe, Curlew, Redsh

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