WeBS-related Publications

WeBS-related publications

The following is a selected list of publications that involve WeBS data (not including the WeBS annual reports which can be downloaded here)


Fox, A.D., Dalby, L., Christensen, T.K., Nagy, S., Balsby, T.J.S., Crowe, O., Claussen, P., Deceuninck, B., Devos, K., Holt, C.S., Hornman, M., Keller, V., Lehikoinen, A., Lorentsen, S.-H., Molina, B., Nilsson, L., Stipniece, A., Svenning, J.-C. & Whal, J. 2016. Seeking explanations for recent changes in abundance of wintering Eurasian Wigeon (Anas penelope) in northwest Europe. Ornis Fennica 93: 12-25.

Ryan, L.J. Green, J.A. & Dodd, S.G. 2016. Weather conditions and conspecific density influence survival of overwintering Dunlin Calidris alpina in North Wales. Bird Study 63: 1–9


Austin, G.E. 2015. The Use of Wetland Bird Survey (WeBS) Data for Rapid Condition Assessment of Non-Breeding Waterbird SPAs in England. Research Report 670. BTO, Thetford.

Eaton, M.A., Aebischer, N.J>, Brown, A.F., Hearn, R.D., Lock, L., Musgrove, A.J., Noble, D.G., Stroud, D.A. & Gregory, R.D. 2015. Birds of conservation concern 4: the population status of birds in the UK, Channel Islands and Isle of Man. British Birds 108: 708-746.

Méndez, V., Austin, G.E., Musgrove, A.J., Ross-Smith, V.H., Hearn, R.D., Stroud, D.A., Wotton, S.R. & Holt, C.A. 2015. Use of environmental stratification to derive non-breeding population estimates of dispersed waterbirds in Great Britain. Journal for Nature Conservation 28: 56-66.

Pavón-Jordán, D., Fox, A.D., Clausen, P., Dagys, M., Deceuninck, B., Devos, K., Hearn, R.D., Holt, C.A., Hornman, M., Keller, V., Langendoen, T., Ławicki, Ł., Lorentsen, S.H., Luigujoe, L., Meissner, W., Musil, P., Nilsson, L., Paquet, J.Y., Stipniece, A., Stroud, D.A., Wahl, J., Zenatello, M., & Lehikoinen, A. 2015. Climate-driven changes in winter abundance of a migratory waterbird in relation to EU protected areas. Diversity Distrib. 21: 571–582.

Robinson, R.A., Marchant, J.H., Leech, D.I., Massimino, D., Sullivan, M.J.P., Eglington, S.M., Barimore, C., Dadam, D., Downie, I.S., Hammond, M.J., Harris, S.J., Noble, D.G., Walker, R.H. & Baillie, S.R. 2015. BirdTrends 2015: trends in numbers, breeding success and survival for UK breeding birds. BTO Research Report 678. BTO, Thetford.


Austin, G.E. & Burton, N.H.K. 2014. Notes on the WeBSDefra Annual Cormorant Index. BTO Research Report 678. BTO, Thetford.

Baillie, S.R., Marchant, J.H., Leech, D.I., Massimino, D., Eglington, S.M., Johnston, A., Noble, D.G., Barimore, C., Kew, A.J., Downie, I.S., Risely, K. & Robinson, R.A. 2014. BirdTrends 2013: trends in numbers, breeding success and survival for UK breeding birds. BTO Research Report 652. BTO, Thetford.

Hayhow, D.B., Conway, G., Eaton, M.A., Grice, P.V., Hall, C., Holt, C.A., Kuepfer, A., Noble, D.G., Oppel, S., Risely, K., Stroud, D.A., Wilkinson, N. & Wotton, S. 2014. The state of the UK’s birds 2014. RSPB, BTO, WWT, NRW, JNCC, NE, NIEA and SNH, Sandy, Beds.

Still, D.A., Calbrade, N.A. & Holt, C.A. 2014. Review and analysis of changes in waterbird use of the Mersey Estuary SPA, Mersey Narrows & North Wirrall Foreshore SPA and Ribble & Alt Estuaries SPA. BTO Research Report No. 648.


Calbrade, N. 2013. Humber Estuary Low Tide Programme 2011/12. BTO Research Report No. 642. On behalf of BTO, Natural England, North & East Yorkshire Ecological Data Centre, RSPB and Environment Agency. BTO, Thetford.

Calbrade, N.A., Burton, N.H.K., Flannagan, A., Howells, R.J. & Hughes, D.S. 2013. Monitoring waterbird distributions and the feeding activity of Oystercatcher and Knot in the Burry Inlet SPA and Carmarthen Bay SAC - the winter of 2012/13. CCW Contract Science No. 1031. CCGC/CCW.

Chamberlain, D.E., Austin, G.E., Green, R.E., Hulme, M.F. & Burton, N.H.K. 2013. Improved estimates of population trends of Cormorant Phalacrocoraz carbo in England and Wales for effective management of a protected species at the centre of a human-wildife conflict. Bird Study 60: 335-344.

Chamberlain, D.E., Austin, G.E., Newson, S.E., Johnston, A.J. & Burton, N.H.K. 2013. Licensed control does not reduced local Cormorant Phalacrocoraz carbo population size in winter. Journal of Ornithology 154: 739-750.

Crowe, O. & Holt, C. 2013. Estimates of waterbird numbers wintering in Ireland, 2006/07 to 2010/11. Irish Birds 9: 545-552.

Ebbinge, B., Blew, J., Clausen, P., Günther, K., Hall, C., Holt, C., Koffijberg, K., Le Dréan-Quénec'hdu, S., Mahéo, R. & Pihl, S. 2013. Population development and breeding success of Dark-bellied Brent Geese from 1991-2011. Wildfowl Special Issue 3: 74-89.

Holt, C. 2013. The changing status of the Great White Egret in Britain. British Birds 106: 246-257.

Lehikoinen, A., Jaatinen, K., Vahatalo, A.V., Clausen, P., Crowe, O., Deceuninck, B., Hearn, R., Holt, C.A., Hornman, M., Keller, V., Nilsson, L., Langendoen, T., Wahl, J. & Fox, A.D. 2013. Rapid climate driven shifts in wintering distribution of three waterbird species. Global Change Biology  19: 2071-2081.

Pearce-Higgins, J.W. & Holt, C.A. 2013. Impacts of climate change on waterbirds. Marine Climate Change Impacts Partnership Science Review 2013: 149-154.

Ross-Smith, V.H., Calbrade, N.A., Wright, L.J. & Austin, G.E. 2013. Analysis of waterbird population trends in the Mersey Estuary SPA, Mersey Narrows & North Wirral Foreshore pSPA and Ribble & Alt Estuaries SPA. BTO Research Report No. 640, BTO, Thetford.

Ross-Smith, V.H., Calbrade, N. A. & Austin, G.E. 2013. Updated analysis of Wetland Bird Survey (WeBS) data for the Humber Estuary SSSI, SAC, SPA and Ramsar Site. BTO Research Report No. 636, BTO, Thetford.


Crowe, O., Austin, G. & Boland, H. 2012. Waterbird populations on non-estuarine coasts in Ireland: results of the 2006/07 Non-Estuarine Coastal Waterbird Survey (NEWS). Irish Birds 9: 385-396.

Hall, C., Reed, J., Boland, H., Einarsson, O., Holt, C., McElwaine, G., Spray, C. & Rees, E. 2012. Population size and breeding success of Icelandic Whooper Swans: results of the 2010 international census. Wildfowl 62: 73-96.

Holt, C. 2012. Freezing winters: a test for Britain’s wintering Little Egrets. British Birds 105: 744-745.

Mendez, V., Gill, J.A., Burton, N.H.K., Austin, G.E., Petchey, O.L. & Davies, R.G. 2012. Functional diversity across space and time: trends in wader communities on British estuaries. Diversity and Distributions 18: 356-365.

Mitchell, C., Hearn, R. & Stroud, D. 2012. The merging of populations of Greylag Geese in Britain. British Birds 105: 498-505.


Musgrove A.J., Austin G.E., Hearn R.D., Holt C.A., Stroud D.A., Wotton S.R. 2011. Population estimates of British non-breeding waterbirds. British Birds 104: 364-397.

Ross-Smith, V.H., Calbrade, N. A. & Austin, G.E. 2011. Analysis of Wetland Bird Survey (WeBS) Data for The Wash SSSI/NNR. BTO Research Report No. 587, BTO, Thetford


Burton, N.H.K., Calbrade, N.A., Cook, A.S.C.P., Howells, R.J., Hughes, D.S. & Jenks, P. 2010. Monitoring Bird Distribution and Behaviour on the Carmarthen Bay & Estuaries SAC at Low Tide in Winter 2009/10. CCW Contract Science Report No: 935, 74pp, CCW/BTO.

Burton, N.H.K., Cook, A.S.C.P., Thaxter, C.B., Austin, G.E. & Clark, N.A. 2010. Severn Tidal Power - SEA Topic Paper Waterbirds. Report to DECC. Including 3 annexes.

Burton, N.H.K., Musgrove, A.J., Rehfisch, M.M. & Clark, N.A. 2010. Birds of the Severn Estuary and Bristol Channel: their current status and key environmental issues. Marine Pollution Bulletin 61, 115-123.

Mitchell, C., Colhoun, K., Fox, A., Griffin, L., Hall, C., Hearn, R., Holt, C. & Walsh, A. 2010. Trends in goose numbers wintering in Britain and Ireland, 1995 to 2008. Ornis Svevica 20: 128-143.

Thaxter CB, Sansom A, Thewlis RM, Calbrade NA & Austin GE. 2010. Wetland Bird Survey Alerts 2006/07: Changes in the numbers of wintering waterbirds in the Constituent Countries of the United Kingdom, Special Protection Areas (SPAs) and Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSIs). Available online only.


Burton, N.H.K., Calbrade, N.A., Howells, R.J., Hughes, D.S. & Jenks, P. 2009. Monitoring Bird Distribution and Behaviour on the Carmarthen Bay & Estuaries SAC at Low Tide in Winter 2008/09. CCW Contract Science Report No: 880, 63pp, CCW/BTO.

Eaton, M.A., Brown, A.F., Noble, D.G., Musgrove, A.J., Hearn, R., Aebischer, N.J., Gibbons, D.W., Evans & Gregory, R.D. 2009. Birds of Conservation Concern III: priority species for conservation action in the United Kingdom, Channel Islands and the Isle of Man. British Birds, 102: 296-341.

Gillings, S. & Fuller, R.J. 2009. How many Eurasian Golden Plovers Pluvialis apricaria and Northern Lapwings Vanellus vanellus winter in Great Britain? Results from a large-scale survey in 2006/07. Wader Study Group Bulletin, 116: 21-28.

King, S., Maclean, I.M.D., Norman, T. & Prior, A. 2009. Developing Guidance on Ornithological Cumulative Impact Assessment for Offshore Wind Farm Developers. COWRIE CIBIRD Stage 2.

Maclean, I.M.D., Wright, L.J., Showler, D.A. & Rehfisch, M.M. 2009. A Review of Assessment Methodologies for Offshore Windfarms. COWRIE METH-08-08.

Worden, J., Crowe, O., Einarsson, O., Gardarsson,A., McElwaine, G. & Rees, E.C.. 2009. Population size and breeding success of the Icelandic Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus: results of the January 2005 International Census. Wildfowl 59:17-40.


Banks, A.N., Sanderson, W.G., Hughes, B., Cranswick, P.A., Smith, L.E., Whitehead, S., Musgrove, A.J., Haycock, B. & Fairney, N.P. 2008. The Sea Empress oil spill (Wales, UK): Effects on Common Scoter Melanitta nigra in Carmarthen Bay and status ten years later. Marine Pollution Bulletin 56: 895–902.

Burton, N.H.K. & Armitage, M.J.S. 2008. Settlement of Redshank Tringa totanus following winter habitat loss: effects of prior knowledge and age. Ardea 96: 191-205.

Burton, N.H.K. & Ravenscroft, N.O.M. 2008. The effects on waterbirds of a new outfall discharging water at Mansbrook Grove on the Orwell Estuary: 2005/06 to 2007/08 Final Report. BTO Research Report No. 511 to The T A Millard Partnership. BTO, Thetford.

Burton, N.H.K., Rehfisch, M.M. & Clark, N.A. 2008. Severn Estuary Tidal Power – Scoping Topic Paper: Ornithology. Paper to the Severn Estuary Tidal Power Feasibility Study Strategic Environmental Assessment Scoping Report to BERR.

Burton, N.H.K., Rehfisch, M.M., Spray, C.J. & Stroud, D.A. (eds) 2008. The European Non-Estuarine Coastal Waterbird Survey. International Wader Studies 18. International Wader Study Group, Thetford, UK.

Conway, G.J., Burton, N.H.K., Austin, G.E. & Handschuh, M. 2008. UK population estimates from the 2007 Breeding Little Ringed Plover and Ringed Plover Surveys. BTO Research Report No. 510 to Natural England, Scottish Natural Heritage, the Countryside Council for Wales, the Environment & Heritage Service (Northern Ireland), Anglian Water and the D'Oyly Carte Charitable Trust.

Crowe, O., Austin, G.E., Colhoun, K., Cranswick, P.A., Kershaw, M. & Musgrove, A.J. 2008. Estimates and trends of waterbird numbers wintering in Ireland, 1994/95 to 2003/04. Bird Study, 55: 66-77.

Eaton, M.A., Balmer, D., Burton, N., Grice, P.V., Musgrove, A.J., Hearn, R., Hilton, G., Leech, D., Noble, D.G., Ratcliffe, N., Rehfisch, M.M., Whitehead, S. & Wotton, S. 2008. The State of the UK’s Birds 2007. RSPB, BTO, WWT, CCW, EHS, NE and SNH, Sandy, Bedfordshire.

Maclean, I.M.D. & Austin, G.E. 2008. Wetland Bird Survey Alerts 2004/2005 (Release 2): Changes in numbers of wintering waterbirds in the Constituent Countries of the United Kingdom, Special Protection Areas (SPAs) and Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSIs). BTO Research Report No. 492, BTO, Thetford.

Maclean, I.M.D., Austin, G.E., Rehfisch, M.M., Blew, J., Crowe, O., Delany, S., Devos, K., Deceuninck, B., Günther, K., Laursen, K., van Roomen, M. & Wahl, J. 2008. Climate change causes rapid changes in the distribution and site abundance of birds in winter. Global Change Biology 14: 2489-2500.

Musgrove, A.J. 2008. The scoters of Carmarthen Bay. Nature Cymru 28: 34-38.

Robinson, R.A., Crick, H.Q.P., Learmonth, J.A., Maclean, I.M.D., Thomas, C.D., Bairlein, F., Forchhammer, M.C., Francis, C.M., Gill, J.A., Godley, B.J., Harwood, J., Hays, G.C., Huntley, B., Hutson, A.M., Pierce, G.J., Rehfisch, M.M., Sims, D.W., Santos, M.B., Sparks, T.H., Stroud, D.A. & Visser, M.E. 2008. Travelling through a warming world: climate change and migratory species. Endangered Species Research. doi: 10.3354/esr00095.


Atkinson, P., Choquet, R., Frederiksen, M., Gillings, S., Pradel, R. & Rehfisch, M.M. 2007. Towards Developing Thresholds For Waterbirds That Take Into Account Turnover. BTO Research Report 463 to Natural England. BTO, Thetford.

Austin, G.E., Banks, A. & Rehfisch, M.M. 2007. The UK Wintering Waterbird Indicator: new developments towards a morecomprehensive assessment of trends in the wintering waterbird assemblage. Draft BTO Research Report 479 to Defra. BTO, Thetford.

Austin, G.E., Rehfisch, M.M., Allan, J.R., Holloway, S.J. 2007. Population size and differential population growth of introduced Greater Canada Geese Branta canadensis and re-established Greylag Geese Anser anser across habitats in Great Britain in the year 2000. Bird Study, 54.

Austin, G.E., Rehfisch, M.M. & Banks, A. 2007. Natural Heritage Trends: developing a Scottish Wintering Waterbird Indicator. Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report No. 227 (ROAME No. F05NB01).

Banks, A.N., Burton, N.H.K., Calladine, J.R. & Austin, G.E. 2007.Winter gulls in the UK: population estimates from the 2003/04-2005/06 Winter Gull Roost Survey. BTO Research Report No. 456 to English Nature (now Natural England), the Countryside Council for Wales, Scottish Natural Heritage, the Environment & Heritage Service (Northern Ireland), the Joint Nature Conservation Committee and Northumbrian Water Ltd. BTO, Thetford.

Burton, N.H.K. 2007. Landscape approaches to studying the effects of disturbance on waterbirds. Ibis 149 (Suppl.1), 95-101.

Burton, N.H.K., Maclean, I.M.D. & Austin, G.E 2007. An assessment of the feasibility of annual monitoring of winter gull roosts in the UK and possible outputs from such a scheme. BTO Research Report No. 483 to Natural England. BTO, Thetford.

Maclean, I.M.D., Fredericksen, M. & Rehfisch, M.M. 2007. Potential use of population viability analysis to assess the impact of offshore windfarms on bird populations. BTO Research Report No. 480. BTO, Thetford.

Maclean, I.M.D., Skov, H. & Rehfisch, M.M. 2007. Further use of aerial surveys to detect bird displacement by offshore windfarms. BTO Research Report No. 482. BTO, Thetford.

Rehfisch, M.M. 2007. Helping birds adapt to climate change. Proceedings of the Practicalities of Climate Change: Adaptation and Mitigation Conference of the Institute of Ecology and Environmental Management Cardiff, November 2006. IEEM. Pp 92-101.

Robinson R.A., Burton N.H.K., Clark J.A. & Rehfisch M.M. 2007. Monitoring survival of waders in Britain. BTO Research Report 469. BTO, Thetford.

Smith, L.E., Hall, C., Cranswick, P.A., Banks, A.N., Sanderson, W.G. & Whitehead, S. 2007. The status of Common Scoter Melanitta nigra in Welsh waters and Liverpool Bay, 2001–2006. Welsh Birds 5: 4–28.

Snow, LC, Newson, SE, Musgrove, AJ, Cranswick, PA, Crick, HQP & Wilesmith, JW. 2007. Risk-based surveillance for H5N1 avian influenza virus in wild birds in Great Britain. Veterinary Record, 161: 775-781.

Ward, R.M., Cranswick, P.A., Kershaw, M., Austin, G., Brown, A.W., Brown, L., Coleman, J., Chisholm, H.K. & Spray, C.J. 2007. Numbers of Mute Swans Cygnus olor in Great Britain: results of the national census in 2002. Wildfowl 57: 3-20.

Wright, L.J. Banks, A.N. & Rehfisch, M.M. 2010. The status of introduced non-native waterbirds in Eurasia and Africa in 2007. BOU Proceedings – The Impacts of Non-native Species. Download.


Atkinson, P.W., Austin, G.E., Rehfisch, M.M., Baker, H., Cranswick, P., Kershaw, M., Robinson, J., Langston, R.H.W., Stroud, D.A., Van Turnhout, C. & Maclean, I.M.D. 2006. Identifying declines in waterbirds: the effects of missing data, population variability and count period on the interpretation of long-term survey data. Biological Conservation, 130, 549-559.

Austin, G.E., Maclean, I.M.D., Rehfisch, M.E. & Atkinson, P.W. 2006. The UK Waterbirds Alerts System. In Boere, G.C., Galbraith, C.A. & Stroud D.A. (eds.) Waterbirds around the world. The Stationery Office, Edinburgh, UK.

Austin, G.E. & Rehfisch, M.M. 2006. S08-5 A methodology for predicting the impact of sea level rise on shorebirds (Charadrii) in estuaries. Acta Zool. Sin., 52 (Suppl.), 169-172.

Baker, H., Stroud, D.A., Aebischer, N.J., Cranswick, P.A., Gregory, R.D., McSorley, C.A., Noble, D.G. & Rehfisch, M.M. 2006. Population estimates of birds in Great Britain and the United Kingdom. British Birds, 99, 25-44.

Baillie, S.R. & Rehfisch, M.M. (Editors). 2006. National and site-based alert systems for UK birds. BTO Research Report No. 436 to the Alerts Recommendation Group. British Trust for Ornithology, Thetford, UK.

Burton, N.H.K. 2006. The impact of the Cardiff Bay barrage on wintering waterbirds. In Boere, G.C., Galbraith, C.A. & Stroud D.A. (eds.) Waterbirds around the world. The Stationery Office, Edinburgh, UK.

Burton, N.H.K., Rehfisch, M.M., Clark, N.A. & Dodd, S.G. 2006. Impacts of sudden winter habitat loss on the body condition and survival of redshank Tringa totanus. Journal of Applied Ecology, 43: 464-473.

Chamberlain, D.E., Rehfisch, M.M., Fox, A.D., Desholm, M., Anthony, S.J. 2006. The effect of avoidance rates on bird mortality predictions made by wind turbine collision risk models. Ibis, 148: 198-202.

Crick, H.Q.P., Atkinson, P.W., Newson, S.E., Robinson, R.A., Snow, L., Balmer, D.E., Chamberlain, D.E., Clark, J.A., Clark, N.A., Cranswick, P.A., Cromie, R.L., Hughes, B., Grantham, M.J., Lee, R. & Musgrove, A.J. 2006. Avian Influenza Incursion Analysis (through wild birds). BTO Research Report No. 448. BTO , Thetford.

Crick, H.Q.P., Brown, J.L., Rehfisch, M.M. 2006. RTD19. Climate change impacts: key issues and future research. Acta Zool. Sin., 52 (Suppl.), 56-57.

Gillings, S., Austin, G.E., Fuller, R.J. & Sutherland, W.J. 2006. Distribution shifts in wintering Golden Plover Pluvialis apricaria and Lapwing Vanellus vanellus in Britain. Bird Study, 53: 274-284.

Goss-Custard, J.D., Burton, N.H.K., Clark, N.A., Rehfisch, M.M., etc. 2006. Test of a behavior-based individual-based model: increased winter mortality in a shorebird following habitat loss. Ecological Applications, 16: 2215-2222.

Holloway, S.J., Burton, N.H.K. & Rehfisch, M.M. 2006. The European Non-Estuarine Coastal Waterbird Survey. In Boere, G.C., Galbraith, C.A. & Stroud D.A. (eds.) Waterbirds around the world. The Stationery Office, Edinburgh, UK.

Jackson, S. F., Austin, G. E. & Armitage, M. J. S. 2006. Surveying waterbirds away from major waterbodies: implications for waterbird population estimates in Great Britain. Bird Study 53: 105-111.

Maclean, I.M.D. & Austin, G.E. 2006. Wetland Bird Survey Alerts 2004/05: Changes in numbers of wintering waterbirds in the Constituent Countries of the United Kingdom, Special Protection Areas (SPAs) and Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSIs). BTO Research Report 458, British Trust for Ornithology, Thetford.

Rehfisch, M.M., Allan, J., Hughes, B., Rhymer, J., Robertson, P., Shaw, K.A. & Williams, M. 2006. Symposium 33 Competition and hybridization resulting from introduced waterbirds: an issue rising up the political agenda. Acta Zool. Sin., 52 (Suppl.), 570-571.

Rehfisch, M.M. & Austin, G.E. 2006. Climate change and coastal waterbirds the United Kingdom experience reviewed. In Boere, G.C., Galbraith, C.A. & Stroud D.A. (eds.) Waterbirds around the world. The Stationery Office, Edinburgh, UK.

Rehfisch, M.M., Blair, M.J., McKay, H. & Musgrove, A.J. 2006. S33-1 The impact and status of introduced waterbirds in Africa, Asia Minor, Europe and the Middle East. Acta Zool. Sin., 52 (Suppl.), 572-575.

Worden, J., Cranswick, P.A., Crowe, O., McElwaine, G., & Rees, E.C. 2006. Numbers and distribution of Bewick’s Swan Cygnus columbianus bewickii wintering in Britain and Ireland: results of the International Censuses, January 1995, 2000 and 2005. Wildfowl 56:3-22.


Austin, G. & Rehfisch, M.M. 2005. Shifting non-breeding distributions of migratory fauna in relation to climatic change. Global Change Biology, 11: 31-38.

Burton, N.H.K. & Armitage, M.J.S. 2005. Differences in the diurnal and nocturnal use of intertidal feeding grounds by Redshank Tringa totanus. Bird Study, 52, 120-128.

Burton, N.H.K., Fuller, R.A. & Eaton, M.A. 2005. Between-year changes in the wintering sites of Ruddy Turnstones Arenaria interpres: a response to diminished food resources? Wader Study Group Bulletin, 107, 36-39.

Crowe, O. (eds. Merne, O., Enlander, I., Newton, S., Musgrove, A.J. & Boland, H.) 2005. Ireland’s Wetlands and their Waterbirds: Status and Distribution. Birdwatch Ireland, Newcastle, Co Wicklow.

Robinson, RA, Learmonth, JA, Hutson, AM, Macleod, CD, Sparks, TH, Leech, DI, Pierce, GJ, Rehfisch, MM & Crick, HQP. 2005. Climate Change and Migratory Species. A report for Defra Research Contract CR0302. British Trust for Ornithology, Thetford, UK. <Relating to Convention on Migratory Species.>

Wither, A., Rehfisch, M. & Austin, G. 2005. The impact of bird populations on the microbiological quality of bathing waters. Water Science & Technology, 51: 199-207.


Atkinson, P.W., Crooks, S., Drewitt, A., Grant, A., Rehfisch, M.M., Sharpe, J. & Tyas, C. 2004. Managed realignment in the UK – the first 5 years of colonization by birds. In Rehfisch, M.M., Feare, C.F., Jones, N.V. & Spray, C. (eds) Climate Change and Coastal Birds. Ibis (Suppl. 1): S101-S110.

Burton, N.H.K., Musgrove, A.J. & Rehfisch, M.M. 2004. Tidal variation in numbers of waterbirds: how frequently should birds be counted to detect change and do low tide counts provide a realistic average? Bird Study, 51, 48–57.

Crick, H.Q.P. 2004. The impact of climate change on birds. In Rehfisch, M.M., Feare, C.F., Jones, N.V. & Spray, C. (eds) Climate Change and Coastal Birds. Ibis 146 (Suppl. 1): S48-S56.

Jackson, S. F., Gaston, K. J. & Kershaw, M. 2004. Size matters: the value of small populations for wintering waterbirds. Animal Conservation, 7: 1-11.

Jackson, S. F., Gaston, K. J. & Kershaw, M. 2004. The performance of procedures for selecting conservation areas for waterbirds in Great Britain. Biological Conservation, 118: 261-270.

Norris, K., Atkinson, P.W. & Gill, J.A. 2004. Climate change and coastal waterbird populations – past declines and future impacts. In Rehfisch, M.M., Feare, C.F., Jones, N.V. & Spray, C. (eds) Climate Change and Coastal Birds. Ibis 146 (Suppl. 1): S82-S89.

Rehfisch, M.M., Austin, G.E., Freeman, S.N., Armitage, M.J.S. & Burton, N.H.K. 2004. The possible impact of climate change on the future distributions and numbers of waders on Britain’s non-estuarine coast. In Rehfisch, M.M., Feare, C.F., Jones, N.V. & Spray, C. (eds) Climate Change and Coastal Birds. Ibis 146 (Suppl. 1): S70-S81.

Rehfisch, M.M., Feare, C.F., Jones, N.V. & Spray, C. (eds) 2004. Climate Change and Coastal Birds. Ibis 146 (Suppl. 1). 124 pp.

Rehfisch, M.M., Feare, C.J., Jones, N.V. & Spray, C. 2004c. Climate Change and Coastal Birds. In Rehfisch, M.M., Feare, C.F., Jones, N.V. & Spray, C. (eds) Climate Change and Coastal Birds. Ibis 146 (Suppl. 1): 1.


Atkinson, P.W., Clark, N.A., Bell, M.C., Dare, P.J., Clark, J.A. & Ireland, P.L. 2003. Changes in commercially fished shellfish stocks and shorebird populations in the Wash, England. Biological Conservation 114: 127-141

Austin, G.E. & Rehfisch, M.M. 2003. The likely impact of sea level rise on waders (Charadrii) wintering on estuaries. J. Nat. Conserv. 11: 43-58.

Bell, J., Burton, N.H.K., Walls, R., Musgrove, A.J., Rehfisch, M.M., Allan, J. & Watola, G. 2003. A model for assessing bird strike risk at proposed new airports. Proceedings of the Bird Strike 2003 Conference, Toronto. Bird Strike Committee USA and Bird Strike Committee Canada.

Burton, H.K., Musgrove, A J., Rehfisch, M.M., Sutcliffe, A & Waters, R. 2003. Numbers of wintering gulls in the United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man: a review of the 1993 and previous Winter Gull Roost Surveys. British Birds 96: 376-401.

Clark, J.A., Clark, N.A., Appleton, G.F & Gill, J.A. 2003. Dimensions for Colour Rings. Wader Study Group Bulletin 101/102: 88

Gillings, S. 2003. Plugging the gaps – winter studies of Eurasian Golden Plovers and Northern Lapwings. Wader Study Group Bulletin 100: 25-29

McKay, H., Russell, I., Rehfisch, M., Armitage, M., Packer, J. & Parrott D. 2003. Pilot trials to assess the efficacy of fish refuges in reducing the impact of cormorants on inland fisheries. In: I.G. Cowx (ed.) Interactions between fish and birds - implications for management. Fishing News Books. Blackwells, Oxford.

Musgrove, A.J., Langston, R.H.W., Baker, H. & Ward, R.M. (Eds) 2003. Estuarine Waterbirds at Low Tide: the WeBS Low Tide Counts 1992-93 to 1998-99. WSG/BTO/WWT/RSPB/JNCC, Thetford.

Newson, S.E. & Bregnballe, T. 2003. Estimating reproductive success of Great Cormorants Phalacrocorax carbo: relibility and limitations of current methodology. Vogelwelt 124, Suppl.: 143-148.

Rehfisch, M.M., Austin, G.E., Armitage, M.J.S., Atkinson, P.W., Holloway, S.J., Musgrove, A.J. & Pollitt, M.S. 2003. Numbers of wintering waterbirds in Great Britain and the Isle of Man (1994/1995-1998/1999): II. Coastal waders (Charadrii). Biological Conservation 112: 329-341.

Rehfisch, M.M. & Crick, H.Q.P. 2003.Predicting the impact of climatic change on Arctic-breeding waders. Wader Study Group Bulletin 100: 86-95.

Rehfisch, M.M., Holloway, S.J. & Austin. G.E. 2003. Population estimates of waders on the non-estuarine coasts of the UK and the Isle of Man during the winter of 1997-98. Bird Study 50: 22-32.

Rehfisch, M.M., Insley, H & Swann B. 2003. Fidelity of overwintering shorebirds to roosts on the Moray Basin, Scotland : Implications for predicting impacts of habitat loss. Ardea 91: 53-70.

Russell, I.C., Bearhop, S., Newson, S.E., Winney, B., Allchin, C.R., & Kirk, R.S. 2003. Multi-disciplinary analysis of Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo carcasses. Vogelwelt 124, Suppl.: 157-166.


Cranswick, P.A., Colhoun, K., Einarsson, Ó., McElwaine, J.G., Gardarsson, A., Pollitt, M.S. & Rees, E.C. 2002. Numbers of Whooper Swans in Iceland, Ireland and Britain in January 2000: Results of the International Whooper Swan Census. In Rees, EC, SL Earnst & JC Coulson (eds.). Proceedings of the Fourth International Swan Symposium, 2001. Waterbirds 25, Special Publication 1: 37-48.


Cranswick, P.A., Bowler, J.M., Delany, S., Einarsson, Ó., Garðarsson, A., McElwaine, J.G., Rees, E.C. & Wells, J.H. 1997. Whooper Swans wintering in Britain, Ireland and Iceland: International Census, January 1995. Wildfowl 47: 17-30.


Fox, A.D., MITCHELL, C., Stewart, A., Fletcher, J.D., Turner, J.V.N., Boyd, H., Shimmings, P., Salmon, D.G., Haines, W.G. & Tomlinson, C. 1994. Winter movements and site-fidelity of Pink-footed Geese Anser brachyrhynchus ringed in Britain, with particular emphasis on those marked in Lancashire. Bird Study 41: 221-234


Kirkby, J. & MITCHELL, C. 1993. Distribution and status of wintering Shovelers Anas clypeata in Great Britain. Bird Study 40: 170 -180


Kirby, J, Rees, E.C. , Merne, O.& Garðarsson, A. 1992. International census of Whooper Swans in Britain, Ireland and Iceland: January 1991. Wildfowl 43: 20-26.


Fox, A.D. & MITCHELL, C. 1988. Migration and seasonal distribution of Gadwall from Britain and Ireland: a preliminary assessment. Wildfowl 39: 145-152

Owen, M. & MITCHELL, C. 1988. Movements and migrations of Wigeon Anas penelope wintering in Britain and Ireland. Bird Study 35: 47-59.

In Press/Review

Maclean, I.M.D., Cranswick, P.A., Fairney, N.P., Smith, L.E., Hall, C., Musgrove, A.J., Haycock, B., Sanderson, W.G., Whitehead, S. & Rehfisch, M.M. In press. Marine Monitoring Project: ground and aerial monitoring of inshore Special Protection Areas: Common Scoters in Carmarthen Bay 1994 - 2008. CCW Marine Monitoring Report No. XX, Countryside Council for Wales, Bangor.

Mitchell C., Colhoun K., Fox A., Griffin L., Hall C., Hearn R., Holt C. & Walsh A. In review. Trends in goose numbers wintering in Britain and Ireland, 1995 to 2008. Ornis Svevica.

Wright, L.J. & Clark, N.A. in press. Severn Tidal Power SEA Theme Paper. Biodiversity Effects and Interrelationships. BTO (PB/BV Consortium) Paper to DECC.

The Waterbird Review Series - A collection of detailed appraisals of the status of non-breeding waterbirds in the UK

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