Short-toed Eagle

Circaetus gallicus (JF Gmelin, 1788) SHTEA 2560
Family: Accipitriformes > Accipitridae

Short-toed Eagle, Yoav Perlman

This migratory raptor is widely distributed in southern Europe and east into central Asia. Although western populations are migratory, wintering across central Africa and sometimes making exploratory movements to the north of the breeding range, this remains a rare visitor to Britain & Ireland.

Select a topic for more facts and statistics about the Short-toed Eagle

  • Breeding
  • Winter
266 records observations recorded by BTO surveyors
266 records



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Status and Trends

Population size and trends and patterns of distribution based on BTO surveys and atlases with data collected by BTO volunteers.


This species can be found on the following statutory and conservation listings and schedules.


We have no population estimates for this scarce species.


This vagrant is too rarely reported to map distribution.

Occupied 10-km squares in UK

European Distribution Map

European Breeding Bird Atlas 2


Short-toed Eagle is a very rare vagrant.

Weekly occurence of Short-toed Eagle from BirdTrack
Weekly occurrence patterns (shaded cells) and reporting rates (vertical bars) based on BirdTrack data. Reporting rates give the likelihood of encountering the species each week.


Information about movement and migration based on online bird portals (e.g. BirdTrack), Ringing schemes and tracking studies.


View a summary of recoveries in the Online Ringing Report.


Lifecycle and body size information about Short-toed Eagle, including statistics on nesting, eggs and lifespan based on BTO ringing and nest recording data.


Sample sizes are too small to report Productivity and Nesting statistics for this species.


Sample sizes are too small to report Biometrics for this species.

Feather measurements and photos on featherbase


For information in another language (where available) click on a linked name

Catalan: àguila marcenca
Czech: orlík krátkoprstý
Danish: Slangeørn
Dutch: Slangenarend
Estonian: madukotkas
Finnish: käärmekotka
French: Circaète Jean-le-Blanc
German: Schlangenadler
Hungarian: kígyászölyv
Icelandic: Snákerna
Italian: Biancone
Latvian: cuskerglis
Lithuanian: paprastasis gyvatedis
Norwegian: Slangeørn
Polish: gadozer (zwyczajny)
Portuguese: águia-cobreira
Slovak: hadiar krátkoprstý
Slovenian: kacar
Spanish: Culebrera europea
Swedish: ormörn

Links to more information from

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