Pinguinus impennis (Linnaeus, 1758)
Family: Charadriiformes > Alcidae
The Great Auk was hunted to extinction for its meat and large eggs.
The last known British Great Auk was killed on St Kilda in the 1840s, a decade after the last Irish Great Auk had died in captivity, having been captured in Waterford Harbour in May 1834.
The name 'penguin' was used as early as the 16th century in association with the Great Auk, and may have its roots in the Welsh language, but was later transferred to the unrelated, but similarly evolved, birds of the southern oceans.
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Status and Trends
Population size and trends and patterns of distribution based on BTO surveys and atlases with data collected by BTO volunteers.
Information about movement and migration based on online bird portals (e.g. BirdTrack), Ringing schemes and tracking studies.
Lifecycle and body size information about Great Auk, including statistics on nesting, eggs and lifespan based on BTO ringing and nest recording data.
Sample sizes are too small to report Productivity and Nesting statistics for this species.
|Field Codes||5-letter code: | Euring: 6370|
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