Eleonora's Falcon

Falco eleonorae (Géné, 1839) ELEFA 3110
Family: Falconiformes > Falconidae

Eleonoras Falcon, Scott Mayson

The breeding season of this Hobby-like falcon is unusually late (July–August) and is timed to take advantage of the autumn migration period, which brings migrating birds past its Mediterranean breeding colonies. Eleonora's Falcon is an extremely rare visitor to Britain & Ireland.

Select a topic for more facts and statistics about the Eleonora's Falcon

  • Breeding
  • Winter
21 records observations recorded by BTO surveyors
21 records



Develop your bird ID skills with our training courses

Our interactive online courses are a great way to develop your bird identification skills, whether you're new to the hobby or a competent birder looking to hone your abilities.

Browse training courses

Status and Trends

Population size and trends and patterns of distribution based on BTO surveys and atlases with data collected by BTO volunteers.


This species can be found on the following statutory and conservation listings and schedules.


We have no population estimates for this scarce species.


This vagrant is too rarely reported to map distribution. Recent long-staying individuals have been seen in Kent and Norfolk.

Occupied 10-km squares in UK

European Distribution Map

European Breeding Bird Atlas 2


Eleonora's Falcon is a very rare vagrant with a handful of recent records in late spring and early autumn.

Weekly occurence of Eleonora's Falcon from BirdTrack
Weekly occurrence patterns (shaded cells) and reporting rates (vertical bars) based on BirdTrack data. Reporting rates give the likelihood of encountering the species each week.


Information about movement and migration based on online bird portals (e.g. BirdTrack), Ringing schemes and tracking studies.


View a summary of recoveries in the Online Ringing Report.


Lifecycle and body size information about Eleonora's Falcon, including statistics on nesting, eggs and lifespan based on BTO ringing and nest recording data.


Sample sizes are too small to report Productivity and Nesting statistics for this species.


Sample sizes are too small to report Biometrics for this species.

Feather measurements and photos on featherbase


For information in another language (where available) click on a linked name

Catalan: falcó de la reina
Czech: ostríž jižní
Danish: Eleonorafalk
Dutch: Eleonora's Valk
Estonian: vahemere pistrik
Finnish: välimerenhaukka
French: Faucon d’Éléonore
German: Eleonorenfalke
Hungarian: Eleonóra-sólyom
Icelandic: Eyfálki
Italian: Falco della Regina
Latvian: Eleonoras piekuns
Lithuanian: Eleonoros sakalas
Norwegian: Eleonorafalk
Polish: sokól skalny
Portuguese: falcão-da-rainha
Slovak: sokol ostrovný
Slovenian: sredozemski sokol
Spanish: Halcón de Eleonora
Swedish: eleonorafalk

Links to more information from ConservationEvidence.com

Would you like to search for another species?