Buying a nest box

Good and bad nest boxes.

Commercially available nest boxes come in a huge range of shapes and sizes, but beware: while some provide a perfect breeding cavity for birds, others are far from ideal. Here are our guidelines to help you choose wisely

  • Only choose a box made from an insulating material such as wood or a special waterproof wood/concrete compound like WoodcretePLUS™.
  • Don’t choose a box made from​ dense materials like ​metal or ​ceramics as the interior can become too hot or too cold for chicks to survive.
  • To provide insulation and be durable, the walls of wooden boxes ​should be ​at least 1​5mm thick​. Wooden boxes can be safely treated on the outside with a preservative provided it is non-toxic and water-based. A box made from cedar, oak or beech will outlive one made from softwood such as pine.
  • Choose a box with a 32mm entrance hole as this is the ideal size for all small hole-nesting birds such as sparrows and tits. Choose a smaller 28 mm hole only if you want to restrict the box to Blue Tits.
  • The box should not be too small inside as birds may lay fewer eggs in smaller boxes. The internal floor area should at least 130 square centimetres (20 square inches).
  • Perches are not necessary and may even act as a foothold for squirrels or weasels as they reach into the box to grab eggs and chicks.
  • A good box should provide easy access for human observers who wish to record the contents and to clean out the disused nesting material at the end of the season.
  • Don’t choose a box which is incorporated in a bird table as the nesting birds may come into conflict with the feeding ones.

Next step - Put up your nest box

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