Falco tinnunculus

The most common view of a Kestrel is of a hovering bird, seen in silhouette from a car. This is an attractive falcon; the female is russet brown with black bands across the wings and upper parts and has a dark tail, whilst the male has an ash-grey head.

Kestrels take readily to nest boxes, which need to be sited at least five metres from the ground with a clear flight-path for entry and exit. Kestrels nest in urban areas, as well as the open countryside. In towns, boxes can be attached to the sides of buildings.

For more information about Kestrels, see the BTO’s BirdFacts and Wider Countryside Report.

  • Very big nest box
  • Nest height: At least 5m above ground with clear flight path to entrance
  • Egg laying starts between early April and early July. One brood
  • 4-5 eggs. White with lots of reddish-brown speckling
  • Incubation time: 28-29 days
  • Nestlings fledge after 32-37 days