BTO work on climate change can be divided into three main areas:
- Documenting the impacts of climate change on biodiversity
- Developing and using approaches for predicting future impacts of climate change to identify the most vulnerable species and habitats
- Improving the evidence base to inform how conservation needs to adapt to climate change
Although much of our work has a UK bird focus, we also work internationally and on other taxa.
Our best assessment shows that failure to meet net-zero carbon risks the UK losing almost 90% of its breeding Puffins by 2050. You can help us continue research into one of the most pressing drivers of change in our natural world.
Local colonisations and extinctions of European birds are poorly explained by changes in climate suitability
Can Cuckoos adapt their clocks to climate change?
Cuckoos aren’t returning to the UK earlier, even as spring advances – but why? BTO research reveals new insights into the timing of this species’ migratory cycle.
Ecological barriers limit the ability of birds to respond to climate change
A changing climate places pressure on individuals, species and communities, forcing them to either adapt to changing conditions or move to where conditions remain favourable. If they are unable to...
Landscape fires disproportionally affect areas of conservation priority but only under low moisture conditions
This study identified five fires reaching more than 100 km2, a threshold often used to classify ‘megafires’. Frequent spring and summer fires predominantly started in agricultural areas, where...
The impacts of farming activities on Europe’s breeding birds
Using the most comprehensive dataset of its kind, this study explores the drivers of population change in European birds.
What role do protected areas play in bird conservation?
The UK has many different kinds of protected area, but how effective are they for bird conservation?
Are the declines of birds and invertebrates linked by climate change?
Many of the detected effects of climate change on biodiversity have occurred through impacts on food chains. We know that many birds are insectivorous during the breeding season, and various studies...
Ringing and Nest Record Scheme data suggest weather is a better predictor of Swift breeding success than the availability of insect prey
Research reveals why Willow Warblers breeding in different parts of Britain are affected by climate change in different ways.
How BTO data are driving positive change for UK birds
Professor Juliet Vickery addresses the challenge of tackling conservation issues and how BTO data make a difference.
Dragons and damsels
You can submit your dragonfly and damselfly sightings to BTO via BirdTrack or Garden BirdWatch. Find out why these records are so important in Rob Jaques' blog.
A tale of two warblers
Breeding Bird Survey (BBS) results show very different population trends for Willow Warbler and Chiffchaff - but what is driving this difference? BTO research reveals climate is key.
Sustainability and citizen science: estimating the carbon footprint of the Breeding Bird Survey
BTO Data Scientist Simon Gillings explores the results of BTO's investigation into the carbon footprint of biodiversity monitoring.
The carbon footprint of biodiversity monitoring
Whilst it is essential that we have accurate information about how wildlife is faring in this changing world, we also need to be mindful of the carbon footprint generated by monitoring activities.
Achieving global targets for renewable energy
BTO's Aonghais Cook discusses the challenges associated with an environmentally sensitive, socially just transition to global renewable power.
BTO travels to Europe!
BTO travels to key conferences in Europe to share research and experience with colleagues from around the globe.
Human activity can help as well as hinder UK butterflies
View the 2021 results from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme
In the face of climate change, BTO joins other organisations to consider how to improve the frameworks used for conservation
A framework for climate change adaptation indicators for the natural environment
BTO leads collaborative research to create framework for assessing climate change adaptation.
Warming temperatures drive at least half of the magnitude of long-term trait changes in European birds
Climate change is impacting wild populations, but its relative importance compared to other causes of change is still unclear. Many studies assume that changes in traits primarily reflect effects of...
The future distribution of wetland birds breeding in Europe validated against observed changes in distribution
Multi-taxa spatial conservation planning reveals similar priorities between taxa and improved protected area representation with climate change
Pinpointing which protected area characteristics help community response to climate warming: waterbirds in the European Union’s Natura 2000 network
Birds of Conservation Concern
Commonly referred to as the UK Red List for birds, the status of birds has now been reviewed five times, covering the UK, Channel Islands and Isle of Man....