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Refereed Papers

Published papers which use BBS data 2022

Gillings, S., Balmer, D.E., Harris, S.J., Massimino. D. & Pearce-Higgins, J.W. 2022. Impacts of COVID-19 restrictions on capacity to monitor bird populations: a case study using the UK Breeding Bird Survey. Bird Study 68: 220–232. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00063657.2021.2019187

Gillings, S. & Harris, S.J. 2022. Estimating the carbon footprint of citizen science biodiversity monitoring. People and Nature DOI: 10.1002/pan3.10333. https://besjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/pan3.10333

Hordley, L.A., Powney, G.D., Brereton, T., Gillings, S., Petchey, O.L., Roy, D.B., Tobias, J.A., Williams, J. & Oliver, T.H. 2022. Developing a national indicator of functional connectivity. Ecological Indicators 136: 108610. http://www.tobiaslab.net/wp-content/uploads/2022/02/Hordley-et-al.-2022-Developing-a-national-indicator-of-functional-connectivity.-Ecological-Indicators.pdf

O'Reilly, E., Gregory, R.D., Auniῃs, A., Brotons, L., Chodkiewicz, T., Escandell, V., Foppen, R.P.B., Gamero, A., Herrando, S., Jiguet, F., Kålås, J.A., Kamp, J., Klvaňová, A., Lehikoinen, A., Lindström, Å., Massimino, D., Jostein Øien, I., Reif, J., Šilarová, E., Teufelbauer, N., Trautmann, S., van Turnhout, C., Vikstrøm, T., Vořišek, P. & Butler, S.J. 2022. An assessment of relative habitat use as a metric for species’ habitat association and degree of specialization. Ecological Indicators 135: 108521. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1470160X21011869

Published papers which use BBS data 2021

Boersch-Supan, P.H. & Robinson, R.A. 2021. Integrating structured and unstructured citizen science data to improve wildlife population monitoring. bioRxiv (Pre-print). https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/2021.03.03.431294v1

Brlík, V., Šilarová, E., Škorpilová, J., Alonso, H., Anton, M., Aunins, A., Benkö, Z., Biver, G., Busch, M., Chodkiewicz, T., Chylarecki, P., Coombes, D., de Carli, E., del Moral, J.C., Derouaux, A., Escandell, V., Eskildsen, D.P., Fontaine, B., Foppen, R.P.B, Gamero, A., Gregory, R.D, Harris, S.J., Herrando, S., Hristov, I., Husby, M., Ieronymidou, C., Jiquet, F., Kålås, J.A., Kamp, J., Kmecl, P., Kurlavičius, P., Lehikoinen, A., Lewis, L., Lindström, A., Manolopoulos, A., Martí, D., Massimino, D., Moshøj, C., Nellis, R., Noble, D., Paquet, A., Paquet, J.Y., Portolou, D., Ramírez, I., Redel, C., Reif, J., Ridzoň, J., Schmid, H., Seaman, B., Silva, L., Soldaat, L., Spasov, S., Staneva, A., Szép,T., Florenzano, G.T., Teufelbauer, N., Trautmann, S., van der Meij, T., Van Strien, A., van Turnhout, C., Vermeersch, G, Vermouzek, Z., Vikstrøm, T., Voříšek, P., Weiserbs, A. & Klvaňová, A. 2021. Longterm and large-scale multispecies dataset tracking population changes of common European breeding birds. Scientific Data 8: 21. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41597-021-00804-2

Finch, T., Day, B.H., Massimino, D., Redhead, J.W., Field, R.H., Balmford, A., Green, R.E. & Peach, W.J. 2021. Evaluating spatially explicit sharing-sparing scenarios for multiple environmental outcomes. Journal of Applied Ecology 58: 655–666. https://besjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/1365-2664.13785

Hordley, L.A., Gillings, S., Petchey, O.L., Tobias, J.A. & Oliver, T.H. 2021. Diversity of response and effect traits provides complementary information about avian community dynamics linked to ecological function. Functional Ecology 35: 1938–1950. https://besjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1365-2435.13865

Jellesmark, S., Ausden, M., Blackburn, T.M., Gregory, R.D., Hoffmann, M., Massimino, D., McRae, L. & Visconti, P. 2021. A counterfactual approach to measure the impact of wet grassland conservation on UK breeding bird populations. Conservation Biology DOI 10.1111/cobi.13692. https://conbio.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/cobi.13692

Lehikoinen, A., Johnston A. & Massimino, D. 2021. Climate and land use changes: similarity in range and abundance changes of birds in Finland and Great Britain. Ornis Fennica 98: 1–15. https://www.ornisfennica.org/pdf/latest/21Lehikoinen.pdf

Morrison, C.A., Auniῃš, A., Benkὄ, Z., Brotons, L., Chodkiewicz, T., Chylarecki, P., Escandell, V., Eskildsen, D.P., Gamero, A., Herrando, S., Jiguet, F., Kålås, J.A., Kamp, J., Klvaňová, A., Kmecl, P., Lehikoinen, A., Lindström, Å., Moshøj, C., Noble, D.G., Øien, I.J., Paquet, J-Y., Reif, J., Sattler, T., Seaman, B.S., Teufelbauer, N., Trautmann, S., van Turnhout, C.A.M., Vořišek, P. & Butler. S.J. 2021. Bird population declines and species turnover are changing the acoustic properties of spring soundscapes. Nature Communications 12: 6217. https://researchportal.helsinki.fi/en/publications/bird-population-declines-and-species-turnover-are-changing-the-ac

Roos, S., Campbell, S.T., Hartley, G. Shore, R.F., Walker, L.A. & Wilson, J.D. 2021. Annual abundance of Common Kestrels Falco tinnunculus is negatively associated with second generation anticoagulant rodenticides. Ecotoxicology https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33770305/

Stanbury, A.J., Tománková, I., Teuten, E.L. & Douglas, D.J.T. 2021. No evidence that declining Whinchat Saxicola rubetra are currently limited by the availability of apparently suitable breeding habitat within the UK uplands. Journal of Ornithology 163: 273–283. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10336-021-01925-6

Published papers which use BBS data 2020

Cooke, S.C., Balmford, A., Donald, P.F., Newson, S.E., & Johnston, A. 2020. Roads as a contributor to landscape-scale variation in bird communities. Nature Communications 11: 3,125. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-020-16899-x

Cooke, S.C., Balmford, A., Johnston, A., Newson, S.E. & Donald, P.F. 2020. Variation in abundances of common bird species associated with roads. Journal of Applied Ecology 57: 1,271–1,282. https://besjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/1365-2664.13614

Darvill, B., Harris, S.J., Martay, B., Wilson, M. & Gillings, S. 2020. Delivering robust population trends for Scotland’s widespread breeding birds. Scottish Birds 40: 297–304. https://www.bto.org/sites/default/files/publications/scottish-birds-40-4-bto-paper-robust-population-trends-scotland.pdf

Finch, T., Green, R.E., Massimino, D., Peach, W.J. & Balmford, A. 2020. Optimising nature conservation outcomes for a given region-wide level of food production. Journal of Applied Ecology 57: 985–994. https://besjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1365-2664.13594

Howard, C., Stephens, P.A., Pearce-Higgins, J.W., Gregory, R.D., Butchart, S.H.M. & Willis, S.G. 2020. Disentangling the relative roles of climate and land cover change in driving the long-term population trends of European migratory birds. Diversity and Distributions 26: 1,442–1,455. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/ddi.13144

Isaac, N.J.B., Jarzyna, M.A., Keil, P., Dambly, L.I., Boersch-Supan, P.H., Browning, E., Freeman, S.N., Golding, N., Guillera-Arroita, G., Henrys, P.A., Jarvis, S., Lahoz-Monfort, J., Pagel, J., Pescott, O.L., Schmucki, R., Simmonds, E.G. & O’Hara, R.B. 2020. Data integration for largescale models of species distributions. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 35: 56–67 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31676190/

Jones, L.P., Turvey, S.T., Massimino, D. & Papworth, S.K. 2020. Investigating the implications of shifting baseline syndrome on conservation. People and Nature 2: 1,131–1,144. https://besjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1002/pan3.10140

Kettel, E.F., Lakin, I., Heydon, M.J. & Siriwardena, G.M. 2020. A comparison of breeding bird populations inside and outside of European Badger Meles meles control areas, Bird Study 67: 279–291. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00063657.2021.1889460

Massimino, D., Beale, C.M., Suggitt, A.J., Crick, Humphrey Q.P., Macgregor, N.A., Carroll, M.J., Maclean, I.M.D. & Pearce-Higgins, J.W. 2020. Can microclimate offer refuge to an upland bird species under climate change? Landscape Ecology 35: 1,907–1,922. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10980-020-01069-7

Massimino, D., Harris, S.J. & Gillings, S. 2020. Phenological mismatch between breeding birds and their surveyors and implications for estimating population trends. Journal of Ornithology 162: 143–154. Plummer, K. E., Gillings, S. & Siriwardena, G. M. 2020. Evaluating the potential for bird habitat models to support biodiversity-friendly urban planning. Journal of Applied Ecology 57: 1,902–1,914. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10336-020-01821-5

Published papers which use BBS data 2019

Boersch-Supan, P.H., Trask, A.E. & Baillie, S.R. 2019. Robustness of simple avian population trend models for semi-structured citizen science data is species-dependent. Biological Conservation 240: 108286. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S000632071930802X?via%3Dihub

Burgess, M., Gregory, R., Wilson, J., Gillings, S., Evans, A., Chisholm, K., Southern, A. & Eaton, M. 2019. A new framework of spatial targeting for single-species conservation planning. Landscape Ecology 34: 2765–2778. https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10090137/

Cooke, S.C., Balmford, A., Johnston, A., Massimino, D., Newson, S.E. & Donald, P.F. 2019. Road exposure and the detectability of birds in field surveys. Ibis DOI: 10.1111/ibi.12787. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/ibi.12787

Dadam, D. & Siriwardena, G.M. 2019. Agri-environment effects on birds in Wales: Tir Gofal benefited woodland and hedgerow species. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 284: 106,587. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0167880919302038?via%3Dihub

Denerley, C., Redpath, S.M., van der Wal, R., Newson, S.E., Chapman, J.W. & Wilson, J.D. 2019. Breeding ground correlates of the distribution and decline of the Common Cuckoo Cuculus canorus at two spatial scales. Ibis 161: 346–358. https://abdn.pure.elsevier.com/en/publications/breeding-ground-correlates-of-the-distribution-and-decline-of-the

Finch, T., Gillings, S., Green, R.E., Massimino, D., Peach, W.J. & Balmford, A. 2019. Bird conservation and the land sharing – sparing continuum in farmland-dominated landscapes of lowland England. Conservation Biology. https://conbio.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/cobi.13316

Heldbjerg, H., Fox, A.D., Lehikoinen, A., Sunde, P., Aunins, A., Balmer, D.E., Calvi, G., Chodkiewicz, T., Chylarecki, P., Escandell, V., Foppen, R., Gamero, A., Hristov, I., Husby, M., Jiguet, F., Kmecl, P., Kålås, J.A., Lewis, L.J., Lindström, Å., Moshøj, C., Nellis, R., Paquet, J.-Y., Portolou, D., Ridzon, J., Schmid, H., Skorpilová, J., Szabó, Z.D., Szép, T., Teufelbauer, N., Trautmann, S., van Turnhout, C., Vermouzek, Z., Voříšek, P. & Weiserbs, A. 2019. Contrasting population trends of Common Starlings Sturnus vulgaris across Europe. Ornis Fennica 96: 153–168. https://www.ornisfennica.org/pdf/latest/19Heldbjerg.pdf​

Lamb, A., Finch, T., Pearce-Higgins, J.W., Ausden, M., Balmford, A., Feniuk, C., Hirons, G., Massimino, D. & Green, R.E. 2019. The consequences of land sparing for birds in the United Kingdom. Journal of Applied Ecology. https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/294404

Mason, L.R., Green, R.E., Howard, C., Stephens, P.A., Willis, S.G., Aunins, A., Brotons, L., Chodkiewicz, T., Chylarecki, P., Escandell, V., Foppen, R.P.B., Herrando, S., Husby, M., Jiguet, F., Kålås, J.A., Lindstrom, A., Massimino, D., Moshøj, C., Nellis, R., Paquet, J.-Y., Reif, J,. Sirkiä, P.M., Szép, T., Tellini Florenzano, G., Teufelbauer, N., Trautmann, S., van Strien, A., van Turnhout, C.A.M., Voříšek, P. & Gregory, R.D. 2019. Population responses of bird populations to climate change on two continents vary with species’ ecological traits but not with direction of change in climate suitability. Climatic Change 157: 337–354. https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/296723

Pearce-Higgins, J.W. & Crick, H.Q.P. 2019. One-third of English breeding bird species show evidence of population responses to climatic variables over 50 years. Bird Study 66: 159–172. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00063657.2019.1630360

Pellissier, V., Schmucki, R., Pe'er, G., Aunins, A., Brereton, T.M., Brotons, L., Carnicer, J., Chodkiewicz, T., Chylarecki, P., del Moral, J.C., Escandell, V., Evans, D., Foppen, R., Harpke, A., Heliölä, J., Herrando, S., Kuussaari, M., Kühn, E., Lehikoinen, A., Lindström, Å., Moshøj, C.M., Musche, M., Noble, D., Oliver, T.H., Reif, J., Richard, D., Roy, D.B., Schweiger, O., Settele, J., Stefanescu, C., Teufelbauer, N., Touroult, J., Trautmann, S., van Strien, A.J., van Swaay, C.A.M., van Turnhout, C., Vermouzek, Z., Voříšek, P., Jiguet, F. & Julliard, R. 2019. Effects of Natura 2000 on nontarget bird and butterfly species based on citizen science data. Conservation Biology DOI: 10.1111/cobi.13434. https://researchportal.helsinki.fi/en/publications/effects-of-natura-2000-on-nontarget-bird-and-butterfly-species-ba

Plummer, K.E., Risely, K., Toms, M.P. & Siriwardena, G.M. 2019. The composition of British bird communities is associated with longterm garden bird feeding. Nature Communications 10: 2088. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-019-10111-5

Pringle, H., Wilson, M., Calladine, J. & Siriwardena, G.M. 2019. Associations between gamebird releases and generalist predators. Journal of Applied Ecology 56: 2102–2113. https://besjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/1365-2664.13451

Siriwardena, G.M., Henderson, I.G., Noble, D.G. & Fuller, R.J. 2019. How can assemblage structure indices improve monitoring of change in bird communities using ongoing survey data? Ecological Indicators 104: 669–685. https://www.cabdirect.org/cabdirect/abstract/20203015626

Published papers which use BBS data 2018

Franks, S.E., Pearce-Higgins, J.W., Atkinson, S., Bell, J.R., Botham, M.S., Brereton, T.M., Harrington, R. & Leech, D.I. 2018. The sensitivity of breeding songbirds to changes in seasonal timing is linked to population change but cannot be directly attributed to the effects of trophic asynchrony on productivity. Global Change Biology 24: 957–971. https://repository.rothamsted.ac.uk/item/84506/the-sensitivity-of-breeding-songbirds-to-changes-in-seasonal-timing-is-linked-to-population-change-but-cannot-be-directly-attributed-to-the-effects-of-trophic-asynchrony-on-productivity

Hiron, M., Pärt, T., Siriwardena, G.M. & Whittingham, M.J. 2018. Species contributions to single biodiversity values under-estimate whole community contribution to a wider range of values to society. Scientific Reports 8: 7004. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29725077/

Lawson, B., Robinson, R.A., Toms, M.P., Risely, R., MacDonald, S. & Cunningham, A.A. 2018. Health hazards to wild birds and risk factors associated with anthropogenic food provisioning. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 73: 20170091 https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rstb.2017.0091

Lehikoinen, A., Brotons, L., Calladine, J., Campedelli, T., Escandell, V., Flousek, J., Grueneberg, C., Haas, F., Harris, S.J., Herrando, S., Husby, M., Jiguet, F., Kålås, J.A., Lindström, Å., Lorrillière, R., Molina, B., Pladevall, C., Calvi, G., Sattler, T., Schmid, H., Sirkiä, P.M., Teufelbauer, N. & Trautmann, S. 2018. Declining population trends of European mountain birds. Global Change Biology 25: 577–588. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/gcb.14522

Martay, B., Pearce-Higgins, J.W., Harris, S.J. & Gillings, S. 2018. Monitoring landscape-scale environmental changes with citizen scientists: twenty years of land use change in Great Britain. Journal for Nature Conservation. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1617138117304028?via%3Dihub

Massimino, D., Harris, S.J. & Gillings, S. 2018. Evaluating spatiotemporal trends in terrestrial mammal abundance using data collected during bird surveys. Biological Conservation 226: 153–167. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0006320718300533?via%3Dihub​

Walker, L.K., Morris, A.J., Cristinacce, A., Dadam, D., Grice, P.V. & Peach, W.J. 2018. Effects of higher-tier agri-environment scheme on the abundance of priority farmland birds. Animal Conservation https://zslpublications.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/acv.12386​

Published papers which use BBS data 2017

Elston, D.A., Brewer, M.J., Martay, B., Johnston, A., Henrys, P.A., Bell, J.R., Harrington, R., Monteith, D., Brereton, T.M., Boughey, K.L. & Pearce-Higgins, J.W. 2017. A new approach to modelling the relationship between annual population abundance indices and weather data. Journal of Agricultural, Biological and Environmental Statistics. https://www.jstor.org/stable/26448517

Franks, S.E., Douglas, D.J.T., Gillings, S. & Pearce-Higgins, J.W. 2017. Environmental correlates of breeding abundance and population change of Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata in Britain. Bird Study. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00063657.2017.1359233

Franks, S.E., Pearce-Higgins, J.W., Atkinson, S., Bell, J.R., Botham, M.S., Brereton, T.M., Harrington, R. & Leech, D.I. 2017. The sensitivity of breeding songbirds to changes in seasonal timing is linked to population change but cannot be directly attributed to the effects of trophic asynchrony on productivity. Global Change Biology. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.13960

Martay, B., Brewer, M.J., Elston, D.A., Bell, J.R., Harrington, R., Brereton, T.M., Barlow, K.E., Botham, M.S. & Pearce-Higgins, J.W. 2017. Impacts of climate change on national biodiversity population trends. Ecography 40: 1139–1151. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/ecog.02411

Martin, A.E., Pearce-Higgins, J.W. & Fahrig, L. 2017. The spatial scale of time-lagged population synchrony increases with species dispersal distance. Global Ecology & Biogeography 26: 1201–1210 https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/geb.12630

Massimino, D., Johnston, A., Gillings, S., Jiguet, F. & Pearce-Higgins, J.W. 2017. Projected reductions in climatic suitability for vulnerable British birds. Climatic Change 145: 117–130 https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10584-017-2081-2​

Oeddekoven, C.S., Elston, D.A., Harrison, P.J., Brewer, M.J., Buckland, S.T., Johnston, A., Foster, S. & Pearce-Higgins, J.W. 2017. Attributing changes in the distribution of species abundance to weather variables using the example of British breeding birds. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 8: 1690–1702 https://risweb.st-andrews.ac.uk/portal/en/researchoutput/attributing-changes-in-the-distribution-of-species-abundance-to-weather-variables-using-the-example-of-british-breeding-birds(3a31a5fe-fde7-41f9-880f-aef7646fe5b0)/export.html

Oliver, T. H., Gillings, S., Pearce-Higgins, J. W., Brereton, T., Crick, H. Q. P., Duffi eld, S. J., Morecroft, M. D. & Roy, D. B. 2017. Large extents of intensive land use limit community reorganization during climate warming. Global Change Biology doi: 10.1111/gcb.13587. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/gcb.13587​

Palmer, G., Platts, P.J., Brereton, T., Chapman, J.W., Dytham, C., Fox, R., Pearce-Higgins, J.W., Roy, D.B. & Thomas, C.D. 2017. Climate change, climatic variation and extreme biological responses. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 372: 20160144. https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rstb.2016.0144

Stanbury, A., Brown, A., Eaton, M., Aebischer, N., Gillings, S., Hearn, R., Noble, D., Stroud, D. & Gregory, R. 2017. An assessment of the risk of extinction for birds in Great Britain. British Birds. https://www.bto.org/our-science/publications/peer-reviewed-papers/risk-extinction-birds-great-britain

Sullivan, M.J.P., Pearce-Higgins, J.W., Newson, S.E., Scholefi eld, P., Brereton, T. & Oliver, T.H. 2017. A national-scale model of linear features improves predictions of farmland biodiversity. Journal of Applied Ecology. https://besjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/1365-2664.12912

Published papers which use BBS data 2016

Jørgensen, P.S., Böhning-Gaese, K., Thorup, K., Tøttrup, A.P., Chylarecki, P., Jiguet, F., Lehikoinen, A., Noble, D.G., Reif, J., Schmid, H., van Turnhout, C., Burfi eld, I.J., Foppen, R., Voríšek, P., van Strien, A., Gregory, R.D. & Rahbek, C. 2016. Continent-scale global change attribution in European birds – combining annual and decadal time scales. Global Change Biology 22: 530–543. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.13097/full

Morrison, C.A., Robinson, R.A. & Pearce-Higgins, J.W. 2016. Winter wren populations show adaptation to local climate. Open Science 3: 160250. http://rsos.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/royopensci/3/6/160250.full.pdf

Morrison, C.A., Robinson, R.A., Butler, S. Clark, J.A. & Gill, J.A. 2016. Demographic drivers of decline and recovery in an Afro-Palaearctic migratory bird population. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 283: 20161387. https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rspb.2016.1387

Stephens, P.A., Mason, L.R., Green, R.E., Gregory, R.D., Sauer, J.R., Alison, J, Aunins, A., Brotons, L., Butchart, S.H.M., Campedelli, T., Chodkiewicz, T., Chylarecki, P., Crowe, O., Elts, J., Escandell, V., Foppen, R.P.B., Heldbjerg, H., Herrando, S., Husby, M., Jiguet, F., Lehikoinen, A., Lindström, Å., Noble, D.G., Paquet, J.-Y., Reif, J., Sattler, T., Szép, T., Teufelbauer, N., Trautmann, S., van Strien, A.J., van Turnhout, C.A.M., Voríšek, P. & Willis, S.G. 2016. Consistent response of bird populations to climate change on two continents. Science 352: 84–87. http://science.sciencemag.org/content/352/6281/84

Sullivan, M.J.P., Newson, S.E. & Pearce-Higgins, J.W. 2016. Changing densities of generalist species underlie apparent homogenization of UK bird communities. Ibis 158: 645–655. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ibi.12370/abstract

Yuan, Y., Buckland, S.T., Harrison, P.J., Foss, S. & Johnston, A. 2016. Using species proportions to quantify turnover in biodiversity. Journal of Agricultural, Biological, Environmental Statistics 21: 363–381. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13253-015-0243-0

Published papers which use BBS data 2015

Burgess, M.D., Bellamy, P.E., Gillings, S., Noble, D., Grice, P.V. & Conway, G.J. 2015. The impact of changing habitat availability on population trends of woodland birds associated with early successional plantation woodland. Bird Study 62: 39–55. 
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00063657.2014.998622

Eglington, S.M., Brereton, T.M., Tayleur, C.M., Noble, D., Risely, K., Roy, D.B. & Pearce-Higgins, J.W. 2015. Patterns and causes of covariation in bird and butterfly community structure. Landscape Ecology doi 10.1007/s10980-015-0199-z

Harrison, P.J., Yuan, Y., Buckland, S.T., Elston, D.A., Brewer, M.J., Johnston, A. & Pearce-Higgins, J.W. 2015. Quantifying turnover in biodiversity of British breeding birds. Journal of Applied Ecology 53: 469–478 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1365-2664.12539/abstract

Massimino, D., Johnston, A., Noble, D.G. & Pearce-Higgins, J.W. 2015. Multi-species spatially-explicit indicators reveal spatially structured trends in bird communities. Ecological Indicators. 
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1470160X15003246?

Massimino, D., Johnston, A. & Pearce-Higgins, J.W. 2015. The geographical range of British birds expands during 15 years of warming. Bird Study 62: 523–534. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00063657.2015.1089835

Pearce-Higgins, J.W., Egington, S.E., Martay, B. & Chamberlain, D.E. 2015. Drivers of climate change impacts on bird communities. Journal of Applied Ecology 84: 943–954
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1365-2656.12364/suppinfo?

Sullivan M.J.P., Newson S.E., & Pearce-Higgins J.W. 2015. Evidence for the buffer effect operating in multiple species at a national scale. Biology Letters 
http://rsbl.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/11/1/20140930

Published papers which use BBS data 2014


Calladine, J., Critchley, C.N.R., Baker, D., Towers, J. & Thiel, A. 2014. Conservation management of moorland: a case study of the effectiveness of a combined suite of management prescriptions which aim to enhance breeding bird populations. Bird Study 61 (part 1): 56–72. 
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00063657.2013.876615


Crowe, O., Musgrove, A.J. & O'Halloran, J. 2014. Generating population estimates for common and widespread breeding birds in Ireland. Bird Study 61 (part 1): 82–90.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00063657.2013.868401


Harrison, P.J., Buckland, S.T., Yuan, Y., Elston, D.A., Brewer, M.J., Johnston, A. & Pearce-Higgins, J.W. 2014. Assessing trends in biodiversity over space and time using the example of British breeding birds. Journal of Applied Ecology. 
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1365-2664.12316/abstract

Henderson, I., Calladine, J., Massimino, D., Taylor, J.A. & Gillings, S. 2014. Evidence for contrasting causes of population change in two closely related, sympatric breeding species the Whinchat Saxicola rubetra and Stonechat Saxicola torquata in Britain. Bird Study 61: 553-565. 
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00063657.2014.962482


Johnston, A., Newson, S.E., Risely, K., Musgrove, A.J., Massimino, D., Baillie, S.R. & Pearce-Higgins, J.W. 2014 Species traits explain variation in detectability of UK birds. Bird Study. 

Morrison, C. A., Robinson, R.A., Leech, D.I., Dadam, D. & Toms. M.P. 2014. Using citizen science to investigate the role of productivity in House Sparrow Passer domesticus population trends. Bird Study 61 (part 1): 91–100.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00063657.2013.874975


Ockendon, N., Johnston, A. & Baillie, S.R. 2014. Rainfall on wintering grounds affects population change in many species of Afro-Palaearctic migrants. Journal of Ornithology early view 
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10336-014-1073-5


Robinson, R.A., Morrison, C.A. & Baillie, S.R. 2014. Integrating demographic data: towards a framework for monitoring wildlife populations at large spatial scales. Methods in Ecology and Evolution early view 
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/2041-210X.12204/abstract?


Siriwardena, G.M., Baillie, S.R., Fuller, R.J., & Robinson, R.A. 2014. How can functional space for farmland birds best be studied? A comment on Butler and Norris (2013). Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 192: 8–11.
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167880914001686?


Wright, L.J., Newson, S.E. & Noble, D.G. 2014. The value of a random sampling design for annual monitoring of national populations of larger British terrestrial mammals. European Journal of Wildlife Research 60: 213-221.
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10344-013-0768-x?

Published papers which use BBS data 2013

Baker, D.J., Grice, P.V. & Siriwardena, G.M. 2013. How has Environmental Stewardship affected English farmland bird populations? Results and lessons from a national assessment. Aspects of Applied Biology 118: 47–54.

Foster, S., Harrison, P., Buckland, S., Elston, D., Brewer, M., Johnston, A., Pearce-Higgins, J & Marrs, S. 2013. Trends of breeding farmland birds in Scotland. Scottish Natural Heritage Trend Note Number 022.
http://www.snh.gov.uk/docs/A1075307.pdf

Published papers which use BBS data 2012

Baker, D.J., Freeman, S.N., Grice, P.V. & Siriwardena, G.M. 2012. Landscape scale responses of birds to agri-environment management: a test of the English Environmental Stewardship scheme. Journal of Applied Ecology
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2664.2012.02161.x/abstract

Devictor, V., van Swaay, C., Brereton, T., Brotons, L., Chamberlain, D., Heliöilä, J., Herrando, S., Julliard, R., Kuussaari, M., Lindström, Å., Reif, J., Roy, D.B., Schweiger, O., Settele, J., Stefanescu, C., Van Strien, A., VanTurnhout, C., Vermouzek, Z., WallisDeVries, M., Wynhoff, I. & Jiguet, F. 2012. Differences in the climatic debts of birds and butterflies at a continental scale. Nature Climate Change 2: 121–124
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nclimate1347

Eglington, S.M. & Pearce-Higgins, J.W. 2012. Disentangling the relative importance of changes in climate and land-use intensity in driving recent bird population trends. PLoS ONE 7(3): e30407.
http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0030407

Le Voil, I., Jiguet, F., Brotons, L., Herrando, S., Lindström, Å., Pearce-Higgins, J.W., Reif, J., van Turnhout, C. & Devictor, V. 2012. More and more generalists: two decades of changes in the European avifauna. Biology Letters. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2012.0496
http://rsbl.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/early/2012/07/11/rsbl.2012.0496.abstract

Ockendon, N., Hewson, C.M., Johnston, A. & Atkinson, P.W. 2012. Declines in Afro-Palearctic migrant birds are linked to bioclimatic wintering zone, possibly via constraints in arrival time advancement. Bird Study 59: 111–125
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00063657.2011.645798

Oliver, T.H., Gillings, S., Girardello, M., Rapacciuolo, G., Brereton, T.M., Siriwardena, G.M., Roy, D.B., Pywell, R. & Fuller, R.J. 2012. Population density but not stability can be predicted from species distribution models. Journal of Applied Ecology 49: 581–590. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2664.2012.02138.x
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2664.2012.02138.x/full

Renwick, A.R., Johnston, A., Joys, A., Newson, S.E., Noble, D.G. & Pearce-Higgins, J.W. 2012. Composite bird indicators robust to variation in species selection and habitat specificity. Ecological Indicators 18: 200–207.
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1470160X11003736

Renwick, A.R., Massimino, D., Newson, S.E., Chamberlain, D.E., Pearce-Higgins, J.W. & Johnston, A. 2012. Modelling changes in species’ abundance in response to projected climate change. Diversity & Distributions 18: 121–132.
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1472-4642.2011.00827.x/abstract

Published papers which use BBS data 2011

Buckland, S.T., Studeny, A., Magurran, A.E. & Newson, S.E. 2011. Biodiversity monitoring: the relevance of detectability. In: Biological diversity: frontiers in measurement and assessment. Eds. A. Magurran & B. McGill. Oxford University Press
http://ukcatalogue.oup.com/product/9780199580675.do#.UBecqGGe4fU

Davey, C.M., Chamberlain, D.E., Newson, S.E., Noble, D.G. & Johnston, A. 2011. Rise of the generalists: evidence for climate driven homogenization in avian communities. Global Ecology and Biogeography 21: 568–578
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1466-8238.2011.00693.x/abstract

Evans, K.L., Chamberlain, D.E., Hatchwell, B.J., Gregory, R.D. & Gaston, K.J. 2011. What makes an urban bird? Global Change Biology 17: 32–44.
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2010.02247.x/abstract

Newson, S.E., Johnston, A., Parrott, D. & Leech, D.I. 2011. Evaluating the population-level impact of an invasive species, Ring-necked Parakeet Psittacula krameri on native avifauna. Ibis 113: 509–516.
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1474-919X.2011.01121.x/abstract

Newson, S.E., Johnston, A., Renwick, A.R., Baillie, S.R. & Fuller, R.J. 2011. Modelling large-scale relationships between increasing abundance of deer and changes in woodland bird populations in lowland England. Journal of Applied Ecology 49: 278–286
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2664.2011.02077.x/full

Pickett, S.R.A. & Siriwardena, G.M. 2011. The relationship between multi-scale habitat heterogeneity and farmland bird abundance. Ecography 34: 955–969.
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1600-0587.2011.06608.x/abstract

Salido, L., Purse, B.V., Marrs, R., Chamberlain, D.E. & Schultz, S. 2011. Flexibility in phenology and habitat use act as buffers to long-term population declines in UK passerines. Ecography 35: 604–613
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1600-0587.2011.06797.x/abstract

Siriwardena, G.M., Cooke, I.R. & Sutherland, W.J. 2011. Landscape, cropping and field boundary influences on bird abundance. Ecography. 35: 162–173.
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1600-0587.2011.06839.x/abstract

Studeny, A.C., Buckland, S.T., Illian, J.B., Johnston, A. & Magurran, A.E. 2011. Goodness-of-fit Measures of Evenness: A New Tool for Exploring Changes in Community Structure. Ecosphere 2(2): art15.
http://www.esajournals.org/doi/abs/10.1890/ES10-00074.1

Published papers which use BBS data 2010

Brereton, T.M., Cruickshanks, K.L. Risely, K., Noble, D.G., Roy, D. B. 2010. Developing and launching a wider countryside butterfly survey across the United Kingdom. Journal of Insect Conservation, preprint DOI 10.1007/s10841-010-9345-8.

Davey, C.M., Vickery, J.A., Boatman, N.D., Chamberlain, D.E., Parry, H.R. & Siriwardena, G.M. 2010. Assessing the impact of Environmental Stewardship on lowland farmland birds in England. Aspects of Applied Biology 100:51–58

Davey, C.M., Vickery, J.A., Boatman, N.D., Chamberlain, D.E., Parry, H.R. & Siriwardena, G.M. 2010. Assessing the impact of Entry Level Stewardship on lowland farmland birds in England. Ibis 152: 459–474.

Davey, C.M., Vickery, J.A., Boatman, N.D., Chamberlain, D.E. Parry, H.R. & Siriwardena, G.M. 2010. Regional variation in the efficacy of Entry Level Stewardship in England. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 139: 121–128.

Douglas, D.J.T., Newson, S.E., Leech, D.I., Noble, D.G. & Robinson, R.A. 2010. How important are climate-induced changes in host availability for population processes in an obligate brood parasite, the European cuckoo? Oikos 119: 1834–1840.

Eglington, S.M., Davis, S.E., Joys, A.C., Chamberlain, D.E. & Noble, D.G. 2010. The effect of observer experience on English Breeding Bird Survey population trends. Bird Study. 57, 129–142

Magurran, A.E., Baillie, S.R., Buckland, S.T., Dick, J McP, Elston, D.A., Scott, E.M., Smith, R.I., Somerfield, P.J. & Watt, A.D. 2010. Long-term datasets in biodiversity research and monitoring: assessing change in ecological communities through time. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 25: 574–582.

Morrison, C.A., Robinson, R.A., Clark, J.A & Gill, J.A. 2010. Spatial and temporal variation in population trends in a long-distance migratory bird. Diversity & Distributions 16: 620–627.

Newson, S.E., Rexstad, E.A., Baillie, S.R., Buckland, S.T. & Aebischer, N.J. 2010. Population change of avian predators and grey squirrels in England: Is there evidence for an impact on avian prey populations? Journal of Applied Ecology, 47, 244–252.

Newson, S.E., Leech, D.I., Hewson, C.M., Crick, H.Q.P. & Grice, P.V. 2010. Population impact of grey squirrels Sciurus carolinensis on woodland bird populations in England. Journal of Ornithology, 151, 211–218.

Robinson, R.A., Lawson, B., Toms, M.P., Peck, K.M., Kirkwood, J.K., Chantrey, J., Clatworthy, I.R., Evans, A.D., Hughes, L.A., Hutchinson, O.C., John, S.K., Pennycott, T.W., Perkins, M.W., Rowley, S.A., Simpson, V.R., Tyler, K.M. & Cunningham A.A. 2010. Emerging infectious disease leads to rapid populations declines of common British birds. PLOS One 5(8): e12215. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0012215

Thaxter C, Joys A, Gregory R, Baillie S & Noble D. 2010. Hypotheses to explain patterns of population change among breeding bird species in England. Biological Conservation 143: 2006–2019.  

Published papers which use BBS data 2000–2009

Eaton, M.A., Brown, A.F., Noble, D.G., Musgrove, A.J., Hearn, R.D., Aebischer, N.J., Gibbons, D.W., Evans, A. & Gregory, R.D. 2009. Birds of Conservation Concern 3: the population status of birds in the United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man. British Birds 102: 296–341.

Evans, K.L., Newson, S.E., & Gaston, K.J. 2009. Habitat influences on urban avian assemblages. Ibis, 151, 19-31.

Evans, K.L., Newson, S.E., Storch, D., Greenwood, J.J.D. & Gaston, K.J. 2008. Spatial scale, abundance and the species-energy relationship in British birds. Journal of Animal Ecology, 77, 395–405.

Freeman, S.N. & Newson, S.E. 2008. On a log-linear approach to detecting ecological interactions in monitored populations. Ibis, 150: 250–258.

Freeman, S.N., Noble, D.G., Newson, S.E. & Baillie, S.R. 2007. Modelling population changes using data from different surveys: the Common Birds Census and the Breeding Bird Survey. Bird Study, 54: 61–72.

Gillings, S., Newson, S.E., Noble, D.G. & Vickery, J.A. 2005. Winter availability of cereal stubbles attracts declining farmland birds and positively influences breeding population trends. Proceedings of the Royal Society, Series B Biological Sciences, 272 (1564): 733–739.

Gregory, R.D., Wilkinson, N.I., Noble, D.G., Robinson, J.A., Brown, A.F., Hughes, J., Procter, D., Gibbons, D.W. & Galbraith, C.A. 2002. The population status of birds in the United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man: an analysis of conservation concern 2002-2007. British Birds 95: 410–450.

Gregory, R.D. & Gaston, K.J. 2000. Explanations of commonness and rarity in British breeding birds. Separating resource use and resource availablility. Oikos 88 (3): 515–526.

MacLeod, C.J., Newson, S.E., Blackwell, G. & Duncan, R.P. 2009. Enhanced niche opportunities: can they explain the success of New Zealand’s introduced bird species? Diversity & Distributions, 15, 41–49.

Newson, S.E., Ockendon, N., Joys, A., Noble, D.G. & Baillie, S.R. 2009. Comparison of habitat-specific trends in the abundance of breeding birds in the UK. Bird Study, 56, 233–243

Newson, S.E. & Noble, D.G. 2008. The Breeding Bird Survey for mapping Britain's birds: A preliminary assessment of performance at two spatial scales. Rivista Catalana d'Ornithologia, 24: 107–117.

Newson, S.E., Evans, K.L., Noble, D.G., Greenwood, J.J.D. & Gaston, K.J. 2008. Use of distance sampling to improve estimates of national population sizes for common and widespread breeding birds in the UK. J. Appl. Ecol., 45, 1330-1338. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2664.2008.01480x

Newson, S.E., Woodburn, R., Noble, D.G., Baillie, S.R. & Gregory, R.D. 2005. Evaluating the Breeding Bird Survey for producing national population size and density estimates. Bird Study 52 (1): 42–54.

Noble, D.G & Raven, M.J. 2002. Regional trends in farmland birds in the UK. Aspects of Applied Biology 6, Birds and Agriculture, 141–146.

Sims, V., Evans, K.L., Newson, S.E., Tratalos, J. & Gaston, K.J. 2008. Avian assemblage structure and domestic cat densities in urban environments. Diversity & Distributions, 14: 387–399.

Published papers which use BBS data pre-2000

Greenwood, J.J.D., Baillie, S.R., Gregory, R.D., Peach, W.J. & Fuller, R.J. 1995. Some new approaches to conservation monitoring of British breeding birds. Ibis 137: S16–28.

Gregory, R.D. 1999. Broad-scale habitat use of sparrows, finches and buntings in Britain. Vogelwelt 120, Suppl.: 163–173.

Gregory, R.D. et al. 1998. Large-scale atlas and census studies in conservation science. Ostrich 69: 167.

Gregory, R.D. & Baillie, S.R. 1998. Large-scale habitat use of declining British birds: implications for conservation. Journal of Applied Ecology 35: 785–799.

BTO Research Reports

Click here for a complete list of all BTO research reports

Border, J.A., Massimino, D. & Gillings S. 2018. Potential future distribution and abundance patterns of Common Buzzards Buteo buteo. Research Report 707. BTO, Thetford.

Crick, H.Q.P., Robinson, R.A., Appleton, G.F., Clark, N.A. & Rickard, A.D. 2002. Investigation into the causes of the decline of Starlings and House Sparrows in Great Britain. BTO Research Report 290. British Trust for Ornithology, Thetford.

Eglington, S.M. & Noble, D.G. 2010. Final Report for 2009 on the Scottish Woodland Breeding Bird Surveys.  BTO Research Report 549. British Trust for Ornithology, Thetford.

Link

Link (PDF, 624.05 KB)

Field, R.H. & Gregory, R.D. 1998. Habitat bias in actual and ideal transect lines in Breeding Bird Surveys, 1994-1997. BTO Research Report 214. British Trust for Ornithology, Thetford.

Field, R.H. & Gregory, R.D. 1999. Measuring population changes from the Breeding Bird Survey. BTO Research Report 217. British Trust for Ornithology, Thetford.

Freeman, S.N., Noble, D.G., Newson, S.E. & Baillie, S.R. 2003. Modelling bird population changes using data from the Common Birds Census and the Breeding Bird Survey. BTO Research Report 303. British Trust for Ornithology, Thetford.

Freeman, S.N., Noble, D.G., Newson, S.E. & Baillie, S.R. 2003. Importance of geographical location and local habitat features for species abundance: analyses using Breeding Bird Survey data. BTO Research Report No. 320. British Trust for Ornithology, Thetford.

Gregory, R.D. & Baillie, S.R. 1994. Evaluation of sampling strategies for 1km squares for inclusion in the Breeding Bird Survey. BTO Research Report 139. British Trust for Ornithology, Thetford.

Joys, A.C., Noble, D.G. & Baillie, S.R. 2003. Evaluation of species coverage and precision using the BBS indexing method. BTO Research Report 317. British Trust for Ornithology, Thetford.

Newson, S.E. & Noble D.G. 2003. Producing statistically valid maps of species abundance from UK Breeding Bird Survey counts using Geostatistical Analyst in ArcGIS. BTO Research Report 318.

Newson, S.E. & Noble, D.G. 2005. The production of population trends for UK mammals using BBS mammal data, 1995-2002. BTO Research Report No. 360. BTO, Thetford.

Newson, S. & Noble, D. 2005. Analyses of Breeding Bird Survey mammal data 1995-2002. BTO Research Report No. 367, BTO, Thetford.

Newson, S.E. & Noble, D.G. 2005. The production of population trends for UK mammals using BBS mammal data: 1995-2003 update. BTO Research Report No. 404. BTO, Thetford.

Newson, S.E., Noble, D.G. & Marchant, J.H. 2005. Waterways Breeding Bird Survey: preliminary analyses of mammal data 1998-2003. BTO Research Report No. 405. BTO, Thetford.  

Newson, S.E. & Noble, D.G. 2006. The production of population trends for UK mammals using BBS mammal data: 1995-2004 update. BTO Research Report No. 428. BTO, Thetford. 

Noble, D.G., Newson, S.E. & Joys, A.C. 2004. Investigation of methods for producing joint CBC – BBS trends. BTO Research Report 377.

Noble, D.G., Austin, G. & Conway, G. 2015. Preliminary assessment of bird populations on National Trust holdings in England, Wales and Northern Ireland using data from BTO monitoring schemes and atlases. BTO Research Report 679. BTO, Thetford.

Marchant, J.H., Forrest, C. & Greenwood, J.J.D. 1998. A review of large-scale generic population monitoring schemes in Europe. (2nd edition.) BTO Research Report 165. British Trust for Ornithology, Thetford.

Robinson, R.A., & Noble, D.G. 2000. Regional Indicators of Wild Bird Populations: an exploratory study. BTO Research Report 244. British Trust for Ornithology, Thetford.

Siriwardena, G., Conway, G., Stanbury, A. & Eaton, M. 2017. Breeding Waders of English Upland Farmland (BWEUF): survey and data analysis for breeding waders on in-bye land. Report to Natural England.

Siriwardena, G. & Tucker, G. (eds) 2017. Service contract to support follow-up actions to the mid-term review of the EU biodiversity strategy to 2020 in relation to target 3A – Agriculture. Report to the European Commission, Institute for European Environmental Policy, London

Wilson, A.M., Marchant, J.H. & Gregory, R.D. 1997. Assessment of the Breeding Bird Survey in relation to monitoring of bird populations at Environmental Change Network sites. BTO Research Report 189. British Trust for Ornithology, Thetford.

Wilson, A.M., Marchant, J.H., Gregory, R.D., Siriwardena, G.M. & S.R. Baillie 1998. Enhancements for monitoring of opportunistic bird populations. BTO Research Report 200. British Trust for Ornithology, Thetford.

Wilson, A. 1998. Evaluation of Land Use Bias in covered Vs not covered Breeding Bird Survey Squares. BTO Research Report 201. British Trust for Ornithology, Thetford.

Other publications 

Border, J.A., Massimino, D., Newson, S.E., Boersch-Supan, P., Hunt, M. & Pearce-Higgins, J.W. 2021. Trends in breeding bird populations of the Peak District Moorlands from 1990 and 2004/5 to 2018. Moors for the Future Report, Edale.

Buckland, S.T., Studeny, A., Magurran, A.E. & Newson, S.E. 2011. Biodiversity monitoring: the relevance of detectability. In:Biological diversity: frontiers in measurement and assessment. Eds. A. Magurran & B. McGill. Oxford University Press

Gibbons, D.W., Avery, M., Baillie, S., Gregory, R.D., Kirby, J., Porter, R., Tucker, G. & Williams, G. 1996. Bird species of conservation concern in the United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man: revising the Red Data list. RSPB Conserv. Rev. 10: 7-18.

Gregory, R.D. & Baillie, S.R. 2004. Survey design and sampling strategies for breeding bird monitoring. In: Anselin, A. (ed.) Bird Numbers 1995, Proceedings of the International Conference and 13th Meeting of the European Bird Census Council, Pärnu, Estonia. Bird Census News 13 (2000): 19-31.

Gregory, R.D., Baillie, S.R. & Bashford, R.I. 2004. Monitoring breeding birds in the United Kingdom. In: Anselin, A. (ed.) Bird Numbers 1995, Proceedings of the International Conference and 13th Meeting of the European Bird Census Council, Pärnu, Estonia. Bird Census News 13 (2000): 101-112.

Kettel, E.F. & Siriwardena, G.M. 2019. Comparisons of breeding bird population and abundance trends within and outside two specified areas located in SW England. Report to Natural England.

Marchant, J.H., Forrest, C. & Greenwood, J.J.D. 1998. A review of large-scale generic population monitoring schemes in Europe. Bird Census News 10: 42-79.

Marchant, J.H.& Gregory, R.D. 1999. Waterways Breeding Bird Survey Pilot Survey 1998: adaptation of BBS census methods to rivers and canals. R&D Technical Report W205. Environment Agency, Bristol.

Jarvis, S.G., Staley, J.T., Siriwardena, G.M., Seaton, F., Redhead, J.W., Ward, C., Upcott, E., Botham, M.S. & Henrys, P. 2021. Modelling Landscape-scale Species Response to Agri-Environment Schemes. Natural England project LM04109 Final Report.



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