Publication Year
Featured Publication
State of Nature Report
Red Kite. Jill Pakenham

State of Nature report 2019

The current state of nature

2019 |

An overview of how the country’s wildlife is faring, looking back over nearly 50 years of monitoring to see how nature has changed.

More Details

Latest Publications

Peer-reviewed papers

Neglected issues in using weather and climate information in ecology and biogeography

2017 | Baker, D. J., Hartley, A. J., Pearce-Higgins, J. W., Jones, R. G., & Willis, S. G. Diversity & Distributions

Peer-reviewed papers
Garden spaces. Mike Toms

Doses of neighborhood nature: the benefits for mental health of living with nature

2017 | Cox, D.T.C., Shanahan, D.F., Hudson, H.L., Plummer, K.E., Siriwardena, G.M., Fuller, R.A., Anderson, K., Hancock, S. & Gaston, K.J. BioScience

Experiences of nature provide many mental-health benefits, particularly for people living in urban areas.

Peer-reviewed papers
Stonechat, photograph by Graham Clarke

Large extents of intensive land use limit community reorganization during climate warming

Birds and butterflies struggle to adapt to climate change where natural habitat is lacking

2017 | Oliver, T. H., Gillings, S., Pearce-Higgins, J. W., Brereton, T., Crick, H. Q. P., Duffield, S. J., Morecroft, M. D. & Roy, D. B. Global Change Biology

New collaborative research involving the BTO has looked at the impact of climate change and habitat loss on a suite on British bird and butterfly species.

Peer-reviewed papers
Wind farm, photograph by Tommy Holden

Towards a framework for quantifying the population-level consequences of anthropogenic pressures on the environment: The case of seabirds and windfarms

Assessing the impact of offshore wind farms on seabird populations

2017 | Cook, A.S.C.P. & Robinson, R.A. Journal of Environmental Management

New research from the BTO has examined the different analytical tools used to assess the likely population-level impact of offshore wind farm developments on seabirds, finding that these vary widely and are influenced to a large extent by the assumptions made at the start of the analysis.

Peer-reviewed papers

The seabird wreck in the Bay of Biscay and South-Western Approaches in 2014: A review of reported mortality

2016 | Morley, T.I., Fayet, A.L., Jessop, H., Veron, P., Veron, N., Clark, J.A., Wood, M.J. Seabird

Between December 2013 and February 2014, a series of storm events occurred in areas of the North Atlantic frequented by migratory seabirds. Prolonged exposure to sustained storm conditions was followed by an unprecedented level of seabird mortality, apparently due to starvation, exhaustion and drowning. A total of 54,982 wrecked birds was recorded along European coastlines of the northeast Atlantic over the winter; 94% of which were dead. The majority of birds found were recorded on the French coastline (79.6%), and the most impacted species was the Atlantic Puffin Fratercula arctica (53.6%). In this paper, we describe the conditions surrounding this wreck event and report the numbers of wrecked and stranded seabirds by combining reports from multiple affected countries.

Peer-reviewed papers
Privet Hawk Moth caterpillar, photograph by Mike Toms

An indicator highlights seasonal variation in the response of Lepidoptera communities to warming

Butterfly and moth responses to temperature vary with season

2016 | Martay, B., Monteith, D.T., Brewer, M.J., Brereton, T., Shortall, C.R. & Pearce-Higgins, J.W. Ecological Indicators

<p>BTO has led the way in developing a new indicator to detect the effects of climate change on ecological communities, using British butterflies and moths as an example.</p>

Peer-reviewed papers

A novel method for quantifying overdispersion in count data and its application to farmland birds

2016 | Mcmahon, B.J., Purvis, G., Sheridan, H., Siriwardena, G.M. & Parnell, A.C. Ibis

Peer-reviewed papers
Gulls, photograph by David Williams

Density-dependence and marine bird populations: Are wind farm assessments precautionary?

Assessing offshore wind farm impact assessments for breeding seabirds

2016 | Horswill, C., O'Brien, S. & Robinson, R.A. Journal of Applied Ecology

As the number of offshore wind farms increases, it is important to correctly assess the impact that these developments can have on wildlife. New research led by the BTO examines this situation for seabirds, considering the current environmental impact assessment process in light of the key factors that determine seabird population dynamics.

Research Notes

Understanding the Impacts of Wind Farms on Birds

2016 |

For more information about the BTO’s work on wind farms, contact aonghais.cook [at]

Peer-reviewed papers

Habitat selection by breeding Whinchats Saxicola rubetra at territory and landscape scales.

2016 | Border, J. A., Henderson, I. G., Redhead, J. W. & Hartley, I. R. Ibis

Peer-reviewed papers
Willow Warbler, photograph by Chris Knights

Demographic drivers of decline and recovery in an Afro-Palaearctic migratory bird population

Why are Willow Warblers decreasing in the south, but not the north?

2016 | Morrison, C.A., Robinson, R.A., Butler, S.J., Clark, J.A. & Gill, J.A. Proceedings of the Royal Society B

<p>New research involving the BTO suggests that Willow Warbler population declines in southern Britain might be reversed by improving productivity there.</p>


LifeCycle - Issue 4, Autumn 2016

2016 | Carl Barimore, Ruth Walker

Peer-reviewed papers
Blackbird & pulli, photograph by Jill Pakenham

Multi-state multi-stage modeling of nest-success suggests interaction between weather and land-use

Too wet to nest?

2016 | Miller, M. W., Leech, D. I., Pearce-Higgins, J. W. & Robinson, R. A. Ecology

<p>Data gathered by nest recorders helps us understand why some nests are successful and others are not. Recent BTO research has developed a method to analyse nest record data more effectively, and revealed some intriguing differences in the effect of rainfall on Blackbird nest success.</p>

Peer-reviewed papers

<p>First formal estimate of the world population of the Critically Endangered spoon-billed sandpiper Calidris pygmaea</p>

2016 | Clark, N.A., Anderson, G.Q.A., Li, J., Syroechkovskiy, E.E., Tomkovich, P.S., Zöckler, C., Lee, R. & Green, R.E. Oryx

Peer-reviewed papers
Snipe by Niko Pekonen

Impacts of climate change on national biodiversity population trends

Climate change impacts on UK biodiversity: declining moths and increasing aphids

2016 | Martay, B., Brewer, M.J., Elston, D.A., Bell, J.R., Harrington, R., Brereton, T.M., Barlow, K.E., Botham, M.S. & Pearce-Higgins, J.W. Ecography

<p>Climate change may affect species populations and disrupt ecological communities. Cross-cutting analysis led by BTO has identified that climate change may have contributed to declines in UK moth populations, and increases in the numbers of flying aphids, since the 1970s.</p>

Peer-reviewed papers

Updated risk of H5N1 HPAI incursion to poultry in Great Britain via wild birds

2016 | Kosmider, R., Smith, J., Gillings, S., Snow, L., Breed, A.C., Irvine, R.M. & Hill, A. Veterinary Record

State of Nature Report

State of Nature report 2016

2016 |

Report is available in six different versions.

Peer-reviewed papers

Human activities and biodiversity opportunities in pre‐industrial cultural landscapes: relevance to conservation

2016 | Fuller, R.J., Williamson, T., Barnes, G. & Dolman, P.M. Journal of Applied Ecology

1.Conservation practices in Europe frequently attempt to perpetuate or mimic the ‘tradi-tional’ forms of management of semi-natural habitats, but with a limited understanding of what these entailed

Research Reports

Management responses to ash dieback (Hymenoscyphus fraxineus) in woodland: implications for woodland structure and resources for biodiversity

2016 | Robert J. Fuller

Introduction, The Geographical and Ecological Distribution of Ash, The Disease: Its Spread and Symptons, Two East Anglian Case Studies, Management Responses to Ash Dieback, Resources and Key Structure

BTO books and guides

Bird Photographer of the Year 2016

2016 |



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