Publication Year
Featured Publication
State of Nature Report
Red Kite. Jill Pakenham

State of Nature report 2019

The current state of nature

2019 |

An overview of how the country’s wildlife is faring, looking back over nearly 50 years of monitoring to see how nature has changed.

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Latest Publications

Peer-reviewed papers
Knot flock by Dawn Balmer

Population estimates of wintering waterbirds in Great Britain

Waders wane while geese gain

2019 | Frost, T.M., Austin,G.E., Hearn, R.D., McAvoy, S.G., Robinson, A.E., Stroud, D.A., Woodward, I.D. & Wotton, S.R. British Birds

A major new study led by BTO, working with the Wetland Bird Survey (WeBS) partners, JNCC, RSPB and in association with WWT, provides detailed information on the importance of Great Britain for waterbirds each winter.

Peer-reviewed papers

Effects of individual misidentification on estimates of survival in long-term mark–resight studies

2019 | Tucker, A.M., McGowan, C.P., Robinson, R.A., Clark, J.A., Lyons, J.E., DeRose-Wilson, A., Du Feu, R., Austin, G.E., Atkinson, P.W. & Clark, N.A. The Condor

Peer-reviewed papers

Weak effects of geolocators on small birds: a meta‐analysis controlled for phylogeny and publication bias

2019 | Brlík V, Koleček J, Burgess M, Hahn S, Humple D, Krist M, Ouwehand J, Weiser EL, Adamík P, Alves JA, Arlt D, Barišić S, Becker D, Belda EJ, Beran V, Both C, Bravo SP, Briedis M, Chutný B, Ćiković D, Cooper NW, Costa JS, Cueto VR, Emmenegger T, Fraser K, Gilg O, Guerrero M, Hallworth MT, Hewson C, Jiguet F, Johnson JA, Kelly T, Kishkinev D, Leconte M, Lislevand T, Lisovski S, López C, McFarland KP, Marra PP, Matsuoka SM, Matyjasiak P, Meier CM, Metzger B, Monrós JS, Neumann R, Newman A, Norris R, Pärt T, Pavel V, Perlut N, Piha M, Reneerkens J, Rimmer CC, Roberto‐Charron A, Scandolara C, Sokolova N, Takenaka M, Tolkmitt D, van Oosten H, Wellbrock AHJ, Wheeler H, van der Winden J, Witte K, Woodworth B & Procházka P Journal of Animal Ecology

Peer-reviewed papers
Corn Bunting by Mark R Taylor

The consequences of land sparing for birds in the United Kingdom

Land sparing and bird conservation

2019 | Lamb, A., Finch, T., Pearce‐Higgins, J.W., Ausden, M., Balmford, A., Feniuk, C., Hirons, G., Massimino, D. & Green, R.E. Journal of Applied Ecology

As demand for food increases, a crucial question in conservation is how to limit the negative impacts of agriculture on biodiversity. ‘Land sparing’ has been proposed as a strategy to address this problem, with high-yield agriculture minimising the area of farmland so that other land can be spared for conservation. Research – mostly from tropical regions – suggests that most species would achieve larger populations under a land-sparing strategy than under a strategy in which lower-yielding wildlife-friendly farmland delivers food production over a larger total area.

Peer-reviewed papers

Spatial and habitat variation in aphid, butterfly, moth and bird phenologies over the last half century

2019 | Bell, J.R., Botham, M.S., Henrys, P.A., Leech, D.I., Pearce-Higgins, J.W., Shortall, C.R., Brereton, T.M., Pickup, J. & Thackeray, S.J. Global Change Biology

Global warming has advanced the timing of biological events, potentially leading to disruption across trophic levels.

Peer-reviewed papers

Habitat- and species-mediated short- and long-term distributional changes in waterbird abundance linked to variation in European winter weather.

2019 | Pavon-Jordan, D., Clausen, P., Dagys, M., Devos, K., Encarnacao, V., Fox, A.D., Frost, T., Gaudard, C., Hornman, M., Keller, V., Langendoen, T., Lawicki, L., Lewis, L.J., Lorentsen, S.H., Luigujoe, L., Meissner, W., Molina, B., Musil, P., Musilova, Z., Nilsson, L., Paquet, J.Y., Ridzon, J., Stipniece, A., Teufelbauer, N., Wahl, J., Zenatello, M. & Lehikoinen, A. Diversity and Distributions

Peer-reviewed papers

Estimating age‐dependent survival from age‐aggregated ringing data—extending the use of historical records

2019 | Jiménez‐Muñoz M., Cole D.J., Freeman S.N., Robinson R.A., Baillie S.R., Matechou E. Ecology and Evolution

Peer-reviewed papers

Advances in modelling demographic processes: The Euring 2017 Analytical Meeting

2019 | Robinson R.A., Gardner B. Methods in Ecology and Evolution

Peer-reviewed papers
Ringed Plover, photograph by Jill Pakenham

Breeding populations of Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius and Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula in the United Kingdom in 2007

A tale of two plovers

2019 | Conway G.J., Austin G.E., Handschuh M., Drewitt A.L. & Burton N.H.K. Bird Study

BTO research sheds light on the differing fortunes of two small UK-breeding waders.

Peer-reviewed papers

Site-based adaptation reduces the negative effects of weather upon a southern range margin Welsh black grouse Tetrao tetrix population that is vulnerable to climate change

2019 | Pearce-Higgins, J.W., Lindley, P.J., Johnstone, I.G., Thorpe, R.I., Douglas, D.J.T. & Grant, M.C. Climatic Change

Research Reports

Investigating wader breeding productivity in the East Cairngorms Moorland Partnership Area using collaborative methods

2019 | Jarrett D., Calladine J., Milner J., Wernham C., Wilson M.

Peer-reviewed papers

Exploring relationships between land use intensity, habitat heterogeneity and biodiversity to identify and monitor areas of High Nature Value farming

2019 | Maskell L.C., Botham M., Henrys P., Jarvis S., Maxwell D., Robinson D.A., Rowland C.S., Siriwardena G., Smart S., Skates J., Tebbs E.J., Tordoff G.M.,Emmett B.A Biological Conservation

Peer-reviewed papers
Tagged Cuckoo, photograph by Chris Hewson

Effects of tracking devices on individual birds – a review of the evidence

Tracking a research revolution

2019 | Geen G.R., Robinson R.A., Baillie S.R. Journal of Avian Biology

Newly-published work by BTO has reviewed the long-term patterns in the use of tracking devices on individual birds, and how the effects of the use of such devices are reported. This work highlights the continuing need for more systematic documentation of potential effects in peer-reviewed publications, to support more rigorous science and to further improve bird welfare.

Peer-reviewed papers

The Scottish Raptor Monitoring Scheme: recent developments in good practice monitoring

2019 | Challis A., Edwards C., Heavisides A., Holling M., Kortland K., Mattingley W., Riddle G., Roos S., Stevenson A., Stirling-Aird P.K., Stroud D.A., Wernham C.V., Wilson M.W. Bird Study

Peer-reviewed papers

Declining population trends of European mountain birds

2019 | Lehikoinen, A., Brotons, L., Calladine, J., Campedelli, T., Escandell, V., Flousek, J., Grueneberg, C., Haas, F., Harris, S.J., Herrando, S., Husby, M., Jiguet, F., Atle, J., Åke, K., Romain, L., Blas, L., Clara, M., Gianpiero, P., Thomas, C., Hans, S., Sirkiä, P.M., Teufelbauer, N. & Trautmann, S. Global Change Biology

Mountain areas often hold special species communities, and they are high on the list of conservation concern.

Research Reports

Review of data and monitoring options for assessing the status of breeding wader populations in the Yorkshire Dales National Park

2018 | Wilson M., Jarrett D., & Calladine J. BTO Research Report

This report assesses the availability and quality of information relating to breeding populations of six of the most numerous wader species (Oystercatcher, Golden Plover, Lapwing, Snipe, Curlew, Redsh

Peer-reviewed papers

A horizon scan of emerging issues for global conservation in 2019

2018 | Sutherland W.J., Broad B., Butchart S.H.M., Clarke S.J., Collins A.M., Dicks L.V., Doran H., Esmail N., Fleishman E., Frost N., Gaston K.J., Gibbons D.W., Hughes A.C., Jiang Z., Kelman R., LeAnstey B., le Roux X., Lickorish F.A., Monk K.A., Mortimer D., Pearce-Higgins J.W., Peck L.S., Pettorelli N., Pretty J., Seymour C.L., Spalding M.D., Wentworth J., Ockendon N. Trends in Ecology and Evolution

Peer-reviewed papers

Representing migration routes from re‑encounter data: a new method applied to ring recoveries of Barn Swallows (Hirundo rustica) in Europe

2018 | Musitelli F, Spina F, Møller AP, Rubolini D, Bairlein F, Baillie SR, Clark JA, Nikolov BP, du Feu C, Robinson RA, Saino N, Ambrosini R Journal of Ornithology

State of Birds in Wales

State of Birds in Wales 2018

2018 |

The State of Birds in Wales 2018 was published on 6 December 2018.

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