The UK’s inland and coastal wetlands support internationally important populations of non-breeding waterbirds, originating from breeding grounds in this country to the high Arctic. Through the Wetland Bird Survey (WeBS) and Non-Estuarine Waterbird Survey (NEWS), we monitor these populations, providing data that inform site protection, international obligations and research on the drivers of population change. This has encompassed studies of climate change and renewable energy schemes, habitat change, disturbance and the effect of introduced non-native species.
Emma is responsible for managing the BTO Winter Gull Survey (WinGS) through the coordination of the BTOs Regional Network of volunteers.
Waterbird trends for the Lough Neagh and Lough Beg Special Protection Area
This analysis of Wetland Bird Survey (WeBS) data for the Lough Neagh and Lough Beg SPA provides details of wintering waterfowl population changes around the loughs and assists in identifying...
Lasso Penalisation identifies consistent trends over time in landscape and climate factors influencing the wintering distribution of the Eurasian Curlew (Numenius arquata)
Help monitor the UK’s threatened gull species by taking part in the Winter Gull Survey.
The Winter Gull Survey collects information about our wintering gull populations, through the coordinated effort of volunteer surveyors across the UK. It will run over the winters of 2023/24 and...
Landscape fires disproportionally affect areas of conservation priority but only under low moisture conditions
This study identified five fires reaching more than 100 km2, a threshold often used to classify ‘megafires’. Frequent spring and summer fires predominantly started in agricultural areas, where...
Waterbirds in the UK 2021/22: The Wetland Bird Survey and Goose & Swan Monitoring Programme
How important is it to standardise the measured mass of shorebirds weighed at varying intervals after capture?
This paper examines this phenomenon using captures of Knot, Turnstone, Dunlin and Semipalmated Sandpiper in Delaware Bay, USA. As these waders were caught whilst actively feeding on the eggs of...
Analysis of waterbird population trends for the Somerset Levels & Moors SPA, its functionally linked land and the Bridgwater Bay coastal sites.
Tracking avian flu through waterbird counting
Highly pathogenic avian influenza is circulating widely in UK waterbirds. The latest advice and links to relevant government information can be found at www.bto.org/avian-flu. ...
News from the Northern Ireland Birdwatcher's Conference
The BTO Northern Ireland Birdwatchers' Conference showcases bird research, monitoring, and conservation work undertaken in Northern Ireland and further afield.
Curlew are highly faithful to a small winter range, a finding which will inform conservation management for this Red-listed species.
In a collaborative study led by the University of Hull, BTO scientists aimed to find out more by establishing the overwinter home range size (the size of the space used by the birds during winter) of...
Goose and Swan Monitoring Programme
This project tracks the abundance and breeding success of the UK’s native geese and migratory swans through winter surveys.
Dragons and damsels
You can submit your dragonfly and damselfly sightings to BTO via BirdTrack or Garden BirdWatch. Find out why these records are so important in Rob Jaques' blog.
Tackling the challenge of avian influenza
Our Director of Science James Pearce-Higgins discusses highly pathogenic avian influenza and BTO's role in the response to the current outbreak.
The future distribution of wetland birds breeding in Europe validated against observed changes in distribution
Keep track of the waders on your farm with the Wader Calendar
Help with research on farmland waders by joining our farmer survey, the Wader Calendar.
Help collect wader data on estates with the Gamekeeper Wader Transects
Contribute your knowledge and familiarity with the land to wader research by joining the Gamekeeper Wader Transect monitoring scheme.
Pinpointing which protected area characteristics help community response to climate warming: waterbirds in the European Union’s Natura 2000 network
Resilient protected area network enables species adaptation that mitigates the impact of a crash in food supply
Oystercatcher numbers are declining in the UK, in line with the trends for wader species globally, and with ever greater anthropogenic changes to wader habitats, it is vital we understand the...
The Icelandic Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus population: current status and long-term (1986–2020) trends in its numbers and distribution
Assessing drivers of winter abundance change in Eurasian Curlews Numenius arquata in England and Wales
New Indicator for Wintering Waterbirds in Scotland
The latest Biodiversity Indicator for Wintering Waterbirds in Scotland shows declines.
Dynamic space use in Lesser Black-backed Gulls is driven by flooding
GPS tracking in Spain reveals that birds move between rice fields and landfill, leading to the possibility of contamination of land used for food production.
Scaup on the slide, Spoonbill on the rise
Find out how Scaup are spending their winters in the latest Wetland Bird Survey report.
Effectiveness of the European Natura 2000 network to sustain a specialist wintering waterbird population in the face of climate change
Future of waterbirds predicted by new international study
Taking action to protect waterbirds against climate change will require a unified approach