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REFERENCES

Clicking on the short form of any reference in the text of this report will bring you to its full details in this section: the reference sought will be at the very top of your view. Where possible, we provide an onward link either to an abstract or, where it is freely available, to the full text. Alternatively, your own web search will often take you to the summary of an article and the opportunity to purchase the text in full.

Most of the listed publications are available in printed form to BTO members and other bona fide researchers through the Chris Mead Library at BTO headquarters in Thetford.

 

Aebischer, N.J. (1999) Multi-way comparisons and generalised linear models of nest success: extensions of the Mayfield method. Bird Study 46: S22–S31.

Aebischer, N.J. & Ewald, J.A. (2004) Managing the UK Grey Partridge Perdix perdix recovery: population change, reproduction, habitat and shooting. Ibis 146 (S2): 181–191.

Aebischer, N.J., Evans, A.D., Grice, P.V. & Vickery, J.A. (2000) The Ecology and Conservation of Lowland Farmland Birds. British Ornithologists' Union, Tring.

Amar, A. & Redpath, S.M. (2005) Habitat use by Hen Harriers Circus cyaneus on Orkney: implications of land-use change for this declining population. Ibis 147: 37–47.

Amar, A., Picozzi, N., Meek, E.R., Redpath, S.M. & Lambin, X. (2005) Decline of the Orkney Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus population: do changes to demographic parameters and mating system fit a declining food hypothesis? Bird Study 52: 18–24.

Amar, A., Arroyo, B., Meek, E., Redpath, S. & Riley, H. (2008) Influence of habitat on breeding performance of Hen Harriers Circus cyaneus in Orkney. Ibis 150: 400–404.

Anganuzzi, A.A. (1993) A comparison of tests for detecting trends in abundance indices of dolphins. Fishery Bulletin 91: 183–194.

Anonymous (1995) Biodiversity: the UK Steering Group report. Vol. 1: Meeting the Rio Challenge. Vol. 2: Action Plans. HMSO, London.

Anonymous (1998) UK Biodiversity Group Tranche 2 Action Plans. Vol. 1: Vertebrates & Vascular Plants. English Nature, Peterborough.

Austin, G.E, Rehfisch, M.M., Allan, J.R. & Holloway, S.J. (2007) Population size and differential population growth of introduced Greater Canada Geese Branta canadensis and re-established Greylag Geese Anser anser across habitats in Great Britain in the year 2000. Bird Study 54: 343–352. Abstract

Austin, G.E., Collier, M.P., Calbrade, N.A., Hall, C. & Musgrove, A.J. (2008) Waterbirds in the UK 2006/07: the Wetland Bird Survey. BTO/WWT/RSPB/JNCC, Thetford. Full text

Baillie, S.R. (1990) Integrated population monitoring of breeding birds in Britain and Ireland. Ibis 132: 151–166.

Baillie, S.R. (1991) Monitoring terrestrial breeding bird populations. In Goldsmith, F.B. (ed.) Monitoring for Conservation and Ecology: 112–132. Chapman & Hall, London.

Baillie, S.R. & Peach, W.J. (1992) Population limitation in Palaearctic–African migrant passerines. Ibis 134 Suppl. 1: 120–132.

Baillie, S.R. & Rehfisch, M.M. (eds) (2006) National and site-based alert systems for UK birds. Research Report 226. BTO, Thetford. Abstract/Full text

Baillie, S.R., Crick, H.Q.P., Balmer, D.E., Beaven, L.P., Downie, I.S., Freeman, S.N., Leech, D.I., Marchant, J.H., Noble, D.G., Raven, M.J., Simpkin, A.P., Thewlis, R.M. & Wernham, C.V. (2002) Breeding Birds in the Wider Countryside: their conservation status 2001. Research Report 278. BTO, Thetford. (www.bto.org/birdtrends2001)

Baillie, S.R., Brooks, S.P., King, R. & Thomas, L. (2009) Using a state-space model of the British Song Thrush Turdus philomelos population to diagnose the causes of a population decline. Pp 541–561 in: Thomson, D.L., Cooch, E.G. & Conroy, M.J. (eds) Modeling Demographic Processes in Marked Populations. Springer, New York. Contents

Baker, H., Stroud, D.A., Aebischer, N.J., Cranswick, P.A., Gregory, R.D., McSorley, C.A., Noble, D.G. & Rehfisch, M.M. (2006) Population estimates of birds in Great Britain and the United Kingdom. British Birds 99: 25–44. (APEP06) Full text

Balmer, D.E., Adams, S.Y. & Crick H.Q.P. (2000) Report on Barn Owl Release Scheme: Monitoring Project Phase II. Research Report 250. BTO, Thetford. Abstract

Banks, A.N., Coombes, R.H. & Crick, H.Q.P. (2003) The Peregrine Falcon breeding population of the UK & Isle of Man in 2002. Research Report 330. BTO, Thetford. Abstract

Beale, C.M., Burfield, I.J., Sim, I.M.W., Rebecca, G.W., Pearce-Higgins, J.W. & Grant, M.C. (2006) Climate change may account for the decline in British ring ouzels Turdus torquatus. Journal of Animal Ecology 75: 826–835.

Besbeas, P., Freeman, S.N., Morgan, B.J.T. & Catchpole, E.A. (2002) Integrating mark–recapture–recovery and census data to estimate animal abundance and demographic parameters. Biometrics 58: 540–547.

Bibby, C.J. (1989) A survey of breeding Wood Warblers Phylloscopus sibilatrix, in Britain 1984–85. Bird Study 36: 56–72.

Bibby, C.J. & Etheridge, B. (1993) Status of the Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus in Scotland in 1988–89. Bird Study 40: 1–11.

BirdLife International (2004) Birds in Europe: population estimates, trends and conservation status. BirdLife Conservation Series No. 12. BirdLife International, Cambridge. (BiE04) (www.birdlife.org/action/science/species/birds_in_europe/species_search.html)

Bolton, M., Tyler, G., Smith, K. & Bamford, R. (2007) The impact of predator control on lapwing Vanellus vanellus breeding success on wet grassland nature reserves. Journal of Applied Ecology 44: 534–544.

Both, C. (2002) Nemen Bonte Vliegenvangers Ficedula hypoleuca af door klimaatsverandering? [Decrease of European Pied Flycatchers due to climate change?] Limosa 75: 73–78.

Both, C., Bouwhuis, S., Lessells, C.M. & Visser, M.E. (2006) Climate change and population declines in a long-distance migratory bird. Nature 441 (4): 81–83. Full text

Both, C., van Asch, M., Bijlsma, R.G., van den Burg, A.B. & Visser, M.E. (2009) Climate change and unequal phenological changes across four trophic levels: constraints or adaptations? Journal of Animal Ecology 78: 73–83.

Brickle, N.W. & Harper, D.G. (2002) Agricultural intensification and the timing of breeding of Corn Buntings Miliaria calandra. Bird Study 49: 219–228.

Brindley, E., Norris, K., Cook, T., Babbs, S., Forster-Browne, C. & Yaxley, R. (1998) The abundance and conservation status of redshank (Tringa totanus) nesting on saltmarshes in Great Britain. Biological Conservation 86: 289–297.

Brooke, M. de L. & Davies, N.B. (1987) Recent changes in host usage by cuckoos Cuculus canorus in Britain. Journal of Animal Ecology 56: 873–883.

Brown, A.F., Crick, H.Q.P. & Stillman, R.A. (1995) The distribution, numbers and breeding ecology of Twite Acanthis flavirostris in the south Pennines of England. Bird Study 42: 107–121.

Browne, S.J. & Aebischer, N.J. (2004) Temporal changes in the breeding ecology of European Turtle Doves Streptopelia turtur in Britain, and implications for conservation. Ibis 146: 125–137.

Browne, S. & Aebischer, N. (2005) Studies of West Palearctic birds: Turtle Dove. British Birds 98: 58–72.

Browne, S., Vickery, J.A. & Chamberlain, D.E. (2000). Densities and population estimates of breeding Skylarks Alauda arvensis in Britain in 1997. Bird Study 47: 52–65. Abstract

Browne, S.J., Aebischer, N.J. & Crick, H.Q.P. (2005) The breeding ecology of Turtle Doves Streptopelia turtur in Britain during the period 1941 to 2000: an analysis of BTO Nest Record Cards. Bird Study 52: 1–9. Abstract

Buchanan, G.M., Pearce-Higgins, J.W., Wotton, S.R., Grant, M.C. & Whitfield, D.P. (2003) Correlates of the change in Ring Ouzel Turdus torquatus abundance in Scotland from 1988–91 to 1999. Bird Study 50: 97–105.

Buckland, S.T., Cattanach, K.L. & Anganuzzi, A.A. (1992) Estimating trends in abundance of dolphins associated with tuna in the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean, using sightings data collected on commercial tuna vessels. Fishery Bulletin 90: 1–20.

Burfield, I.J. & Brooke, M. de L. (2005) The decline of the Ring Ouzel Turdus torquatus in Britain: evidence from bird observatory data. Ringing & Migration 22: 199–204.

Burton, N.H.K. (2007) Influences of restock age and habitat patchiness on Tree Pipits Anthus trivialis breeding in Breckland pine plantations. Ibis 149 (suppl. 2): 193–204. Abstract

Burton, N.H.K. & Conway, G.J. (2008) Assessing population change of breeding Ringed Plovers in the UK between 1984 & 2007. Research Report 503. BTO, Thetford.

Buse, A., Dury, S.J., Woodburn, R.J.W., Perrins, C.M. & Good, J.E.G. (1999) Effects of elevated temperature on multi-species interactions: the case of pedunculate oak, winter moth and tits. Functional Ecology 13 (suppl.): 74–82.

Butler, C. (2002) Breeding parrots in Britain. British Birds 95: 345–348.

Butler, C.J. (2003) Population biology of the introduced Rose-ringed Parakeet Psittacula krameri in the UK. PhD thesis, University of Oxford.

Catchpole, E.A., Morgan, B.J.T., Freeman, S.N. & Peach, W.J. (1999) Modelling the survival of British Lapwings Vanellus vanellus using ring-recovery data and weather covariates. Bird Study 46 (suppl.): 5–13.

Chamberlain, D.E. & Crick, H.Q.P. (1999) Population declines and reproductive performance of skylarks Alauda arvensis in different regions and habitats of Great Britain. Ibis 141: 38–51.

Chamberlain, D.E. & Crick, H.Q.P. (2003) Temporal and spatial associations in aspects of reproductive performance of Lapwings Vanellus vanellus in the United Kingdom, 1962–99. Ardea 91: 183–196. Abstract

Chamberlain, D.E. & Siriwardena, G.M. (2000) The effects of agricultural intensification on Skylarks Alauda arvensis: evidence from monitoring studies in Great Britain. Environmental Reviews 8: 95–113.

Chamberlain, D.E., Toms, M.P., Cleary-McHarg, R. & Banks, A.N. (2007) House Sparrow (Passer domesticus) habitat use in urbanized landscapes. Journal of Ornithology 148: 453–462. Abstract

Chamberlain, D.E., Glue, D.E. & Toms, M.P. (2009) Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus presence and winter bird abundance. Journal of Ornithology 150: 247–254. Abstract

Clements, R. (2001) The Hobby in Britain: a new population estimate. British Birds 94: 402–408.

Clements, R. (2002) The Common Buzzard in Britain: a new population estimate. British Birds 95: 377–383.

Clements, R. (2008) The Common Kestrel population in Britain. British Birds 101: 228–234.

Conrad, K.F., Warren, M.S., Fox, R., Parsons, M.S. & Woiwod, I.P. (2006) Rapid declines of common, widespread British moths provide evidence of an insect biodiversity crisis. Biological Conservation 132: 279–291.

Conway, G. & Burton, N. (2009) Changing fortunes for breeding plovers. BTO News 280: 10–11.

Conway, G., Wotton, S., Henderson, I., Langston, R., Drewitt, A. & Currie, F. (2007) Status and distribution of European Nightjars Caprimulgus europaeus in the UK in 2004. Bird Study 54: 98–111. Abstract

Conway, G.J., Burton, N.H.K., Handschuh, M. & Austin, G.E. (2008) UK population estimates from the 2007 Breeding Little Ringed Plover and Ringed Plover Surveys. Research Report 510. BTO, Thetford.

Conway, G., Wotton, S., Henderson, I., Eaton, M., Drewitt, A. & Spencer, J. (2009) The status of breeding Woodlarks Lullula arborea in Britain in 2006. Bird Study 56: 310–325.

Cornulier, T., Elston, D.A., Arcese, P., Benton , T.G., Douglas, D.J.T., Lambin, X., Reid, J., Robinson, R.A. & Sutherland, W.J. (2009) Estimating the annual number of breeding attempts from breeding dates using mixture models. Ecology Letters 12: 1184–1193. Abstract

Cowley E. & Siriwardena, G.M. (2005) Long-term variation in survival rates of Sand Martins Riparia riparia: dependence on breeding and wintering ground weather, age and sex, and their population consequences.  Bird Study 52: 237–251. Abstract

Crawley, M.J. (1993) GLIM for Ecologists. Blackwell Science, Oxford, UK.

Crick, H.Q.P. (1992) Trends in the breeding performance of Golden Plover in Britain. Research Report 76. BTO, Thetford.

Crick, H.Q.P. (1993) Trends in breeding success of Merlins (Falco columbarius) in Britain from 1937–1989. In Nicholls, M.K. & Clarke, R. (eds.) Biology and Conservation of Small Falcons, pp 30–38. Hawk & Owl Trust, London.

Crick, H.Q.P. (1997) Long-term trends in Corn Bunting Miliaria calandra productivity in Britain. In Donald, P.F. & Aebischer, N.J. (eds.) The Ecology and Conservation of Corn Buntings Miliaria calandra: 52–64. UK Nature Conservation No. 13. JNCC, Peterborough.

Crick, H.Q.P. (1998) Decline in clutch size of Hen Harriers: reply. BTO News 218: 23.

Crick, H.Q.P. & Ratcliffe, D.A. (1995) The Peregrine Falco peregrinus population of the United Kingdom in 1991. Bird Study 42: 1–19.

Crick, H.Q.P. & Sparks, T.H. (1999) Climate change related to egg-laying trends. Nature 399: 423–424.

Crick, H.Q.P., Dudley, C. & Glue, D.E. (1993) Breeding birds in 1991. BTO News 185: 15–18.

Crick, H.Q.P., Dudley, C., Evans, A.D. & Smith, K.W. (1994) Causes of nest failure among buntings in the UK. Bird Study 41: 88–94.

Crick, H.Q.P., Dudley, C., Glue, D.E. & Thomson, D.L. (1997) UK birds are laying eggs earlier. Nature 388: 526.

Crick, H.Q.P., Baillie, S.R., Balmer, D.E., Bashford, R.I., Beaven, L.P., Dudley, C., Glue, D.E., Gregory, R.D., Marchant, J.H., Peach, W.J. & Wilson, A.M. (1998) Breeding birds in the wider countryside: their conservation status (1972–1996). Research Report 198. BTO, Thetford.

Crick, H.Q.P., Robinson, R.A., Appleton, G.F., Clark, N.A. & Rickard, A.D. (eds) (2002) Investigations into the causes of the decline of Starlings and House Sparrows in Great Britain. BTO Research Report 290. 305 pp. DEFRA, Bristol.

Crick, H.Q.P., Baillie, S.R. & Leech, D.I. (2003) The UK Nest Record Scheme: its value for science and conservation. Bird Study 50: 254–270.

Cross, T. (2002) Common Raven (Raven) Corvus corax. In The Migration Atlas: movements of the birds of Britain and Ireland (eds C.V. Wernham, M.P. Toms, J.H. Marchant, J.A. Clark, G.M. Siriwardena & S.R. Baillie), pp 626–628. T. & A.D. Poyser, London.

Delany, S., Greenwood, J.J.D. & Kirby, J. (1992) National Mute Swan Survey 1990. Report to the Joint Nature Conservation Committee. Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust, Slimbridge. Full text

Dillon, I.A., Smith, T.D., Williams, S.J., Haysom, S. & Eaton, M.A. (2009) Status of Red-throated Divers Gavia stellata in Britain in 2006. Bird Study 56: 147–157.

Dixon, A., Richards, C., Haffield, P., Roberts, G., Thomas, M. & Lowe, A. (2008) The National Peregrine Survey 2002: how accurate are the published results for Wales? Welsh Birds 5: 276–283.

Dobson, A.P. & Hudson, P.J. (1992) Regulation and stability of a free-living host–parasite system Trichostrongylus tenuis in Red Grouse. II Population models. Journal of Animal Ecology 61: 487–500.

Dolton, C.S. & Brooke M. de L. (1999) Changes in the biomass of birds breeding in Great Britain, 1968–88. Bird Study 46: 274–278.

Donald, P.F. (1997) The Corn Bunting Miliaria calandra in Britain: a review of current status, patterns of decline and possible causes. In Donald, P.F. & Aebischer, N.J. (eds.) The Ecology and Conservation of Corn Buntings Miliaria calandra: 11–26. UK Nature Conservation No. 13. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough.

Donald, P.F. & Morris, T.J. (2005) Saving the Sky Lark: new solutions for a declining farmland bird. British Birds 98: 570–578.

Donald, P.F. & Vickery, J.A. (2000) The importance of cereal fields to breeding and wintering skylarks Alauda arvensis in the UK. In Proceedings of the 1999 BOU Spring Conference: Ecology and Conservation of Lowland Farmland Birds (eds N.J. Aebischer, A.D. Evans, P.V. Grice & J.A. Vickery), pp 140–150. British Orinthologists' Union, Tring.

Donald, P.F. & Vickery, J.A. (2001) The ecology and conservation of Skylarks. RSPB, Sandy.

Dougall, T.W., Holland, P.K. & Yalden, D.W. (2004) A revised estimate of the breeding population of Common Sandpipers Actitis hypoleucos in Great Britain and Ireland. Wader Study Group Bulletin 105: 42–49.

Driver, J. (2006) Raven Corvus corax population census of northwest Wales, 1998 to 2005. Welsh Birds 4: 442–453.

Eaton, M.A., Brown, A.F., Noble, D.G., Musgrove, A.J., Hearn, R.D., Aebischer, N.J., Gibbons, D.W., Evans, A. & Gregory, R.D. (2009) Birds of Conservation Concern 3: the population status of birds in the United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man. British Birds 102: 296–341. (BoCC3) Full text

Elliott, G.R. & Avery, M.I. (1991) A review of reports of buzzard persecution 1975–1989. Bird Study 38: 52–56.

Eraud, C., Boutin, J.-M., Riviere, M., Brun, J., Barbraud, C. & Lormee, H. (2009) Survival of Turtle Doves Streptopelia turtur in relation to western Africa environmental conditions. Ibis 151: 186–190.

Etheridge, B., Summers, R.W. & Green, R.E. (1997) The effects of illegal killing and destruction of nests by humans on the population dynamics of the hen harrier Circus cyaneus in Scotland. Journal of Applied Ecology 34: 1081–1105.

Evans, K.L. & Robinson, R.A. (2004) Barn Swallows and agriculture. British Birds 97: 218–230.

Fewster, R.M., Buckland, S.T., Siriwardena, G.M., Baillie, S.R. & Wilson, J.D. (2000) Analysis of population trends for farmland birds using generalized additive models. Ecology 81: 1970–1984.

Freeman, S.N. & Crick, H.Q.P. (2002) Population dynamics of House Sparrows Passer domesticus breeding in Britain: an integrated analysis. pp 193–211 in Crick, H.Q.P., Robinson, R.A., Appleton, G.F., Clark, N.A. & Rickard, A.D. (eds) Investigation into the causes of the decline of starlings and house sparrows in Great Britain. Research Report 290. BTO, Thetford.

Freeman, S.N. & Crick, H.Q.P. (2003) The decline of the Spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa striata in the UK: an integrated population model. Ibis 145: 400–412.

Freeman, S.N., Wernham, C.V. & Balmer, D.E. (2001) Long-term changes in the productivity of common songbirds in Britain and Ireland from constant effort ringing. Unpublished. BTO, Thetford.

Freeman, S.N., Robinson, R.A., Clark, J.A., Griffin, B.M. & Adams, S.Y. (2002) Population dynamics of Starling Sturnus vulgaris breeding in Britain: an integrated analysis. Pp 121–139 in Crick, H.Q.P., Robinson, R.A., Appleton, G.F., Clark, N.A. & Rickard, A.D. (eds) Investigation into the causes of the decline of starlings and house sparrows in Great Britain. Research Report 290. BTO, Thetford.

Freeman, S.N., Noble, D.G., Newson, S.E. & Baillie, S.R. (2003) Modelling bird population changes using data from the Common Birds Census and the Breeding Bird Survey. Research Report 303. BTO, Thetford. Abstract

Freeman, S.N., Noble, D.G., Newson, S.E. & Baillie, S.R. (2007a) Modelling bird population changes using data from different surveys: the Common Birds Census and the Breeding Bird Survey. Bird Study 54: 61–72. Abstract

Freeman, S.N., Robinson, R.A., Clark, J.A., Griffin, B.M. & Adams, S.Y. (2007b) Changing demography and population decline in the Common Starling Sturnus vulgaris: a multisite approach to Integrated Population Monitoring. Ibis 149: 587–596. Abstract

Fuller, R.J. (1996) Relationships between grazing and birds with particular reference to sheep in the British uplands. Research Report 164. BTO, Thetford.

Fuller, R.J., Marchant, J.H. & Morgan, R.A. (1985) How representative of agricultural practice in Britain are Common Birds Census farmland plots? Bird Study 32: 56–70.

Fuller, R.J., Gregory, R.D., Gibbons, D.W., Marchant, J.H., Wilson, J.D., Baillie, S.R. & Carter, N. (1995) Population declines and range contractions among lowland farmland birds in Britain. Conservation Biology 9: 1425–1441.

Fuller, R.J., Noble, D.G., Smith, K.W. & Vanhinsbergh, D. (2005) Recent declines in populations of woodland birds in Britain: a review of possible causes. British Birds 98: 116–143. Abstract

Furness, R.W. & Greenwood, J.J.D. (eds.) (1993) Birds as Monitors of Environmental Change. Chapman & Hall, London.

Galbraith, H. (1988) Effects of agriculture on the breeding ecology of lapwings Vanellus vanellus. Journal of Applied Ecology 25: 487–503.

Gibbons, D.W., Reid, J.B. & Chapman, R.A. (1993) The New Atlas of Breeding Birds in Britain and Ireland: 1988–1991. T. & A.D. Poyser, London.

Gibbons, D.W., Avery, M.I., Baillie, S.R., Gregory, R.D., Kirby, J., Porter, R.F., Tucker, G.M. & Williams, G. (1996) Bird species of conservation concern in the United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man: revising the Red Data List. RSPB Conservation Review 10: 7–18.

Gibbons, D.W., Bainbridge, I.P., Mudge, G.P., Tharme, A.P. & Ellis, P.M. (1997) The status and distribution of the Red-throated Diver Gavia stellata in Britain in 1994. Bird Study 44: 194–205.

Gill, R.M.A. & Fuller, R.J. (2007) The effects of deer browsing on woodland structure and songbirds in lowland Britain. Ibis 149 suppl. 2: 119–127. Abstract

Gillings, S., Newson, S.E., Noble, D.G. & Vickery, J.A. (2005) Winter availability of cereal stubbles attracts declining farmland birds and positively influences breeding population trends. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 272: 733–739. Full text

Gillings, S., Newson, S. & Sellers, R.M. (2007) Breeding population estimates for Northern Wheatear in Britain. British Birds 100: 179–181.

Glue, D.E. (1990) Breeding biology of the Grasshopper Warbler in Britain. British Birds 83: 131–145.

Glue, D.E. (2006) Cuckoos in crisis? BTO News 263: 22–23.

Gooch, S., Baillie, S.R. & Birkhead, T.R. (1991) Magpie Pica pica and songbird populations – retrospective investigation of trends in population density and breeding success. Journal of Applied Ecology 28: 1068–1086.

Goodenough, A.E., Elliot, S.L. & Hart, A.G. (2009) The challenges of conservation for declining migrants:are reserve-based initiatives during the breeding season appropriate for the Pied Flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca? Ibis 151: 429–439.

Goss-Custard, J.C. (1993) The effect of migration and scale on the study of bird populations: 1991 Witherby Lecture. Bird Study 40: 81–96.

Green, R.E. (1999) Applications of large-scale studies of demographic rates to bird conservation. Bird Study 46 (Suppl.): S279–S288.

Greenwood, J.J.D. (2000). How BTO’s monitoring of birds contributes to conservation. In European Monitoring for Nature Conservation, Bonn-Bad Godesberg (Bundesamt fur Naturschutz), ed. by C. Bischoff & R. Droschmeister. Schriftenreiche fur Landschaftspflege und Naturschutz 62: 105–117.

Gregory, R.D. & Marchant, J.H. (1996) Population trends of Jays, Magpies, Jackdaws and Carrion Crows in the United Kingdom. Bird Study 43: 28–37.

Gregory, R.D., Carter, S.P. & Baillie, S.R. (1997) Abundance, distribution and habitat use of breeding Goosanders Mergus merganser and Red-breasted Mergansers Mergus serrator on British rivers. Bird Study 44: 1–12.

Gregory, R.D., Wilkinson, N.I., Noble, D.G., Robinson, J.A., Brown, A.F., Hughes, J., Procter, D., Gibbons, D.W. & Galbraith, C.A. (2002) The population status of birds in the United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man: an analysis of conservation concern 2002–2007. British Birds 95: 410–448.

Gregory, R.D., Noble, D.G. & Custance, J. (2004) The state of play of farmland birds: population trends and conservation status of lowland farmland birds in the United Kingdom. Ibis 146 (suppl. 2): 1–13.

Groom, D.W. (1993) Magpie Pica pica predation on Blackbird Turdus merula nests in urban areas. Bird Study 40: 55–62.

Gruar, D., Barritt, D. & Peach, W.J. (2006) Summer utilization of Oilseed Rape by Reed Buntings Emberiza schoeniclus and other farmland birds. Bird Study 53: 47–54.

Hardey, J., Crick, H.Q.P., Wernham, C.V., Riley, H.T., Etheridge, B. & Thompson, D.B.A. (eds) (2009) Raptors: a field guide to survey and monitoring. Second edition. The Stationery Office, Edinburgh.

Hastie, T.J. & Tibshirani, R.J. (1990) Generalized additive models. Chapman & Hall, London.

Henderson, I.G. & Hart, P.J.B. (1993) Provisioning, parental investment and reproductive success in Jackdaws Corvus monedula. Ornis Scandinavica 24: 142–148.

Henderson, I.G., Wilson, A.M., Steele, D. & Vickery, J.A. (2002) Population estimates, trends and habitat associations of breeding Lapwing Vanellus vanellus, Curlew Numenius arquata and Snipe Gallinago gallinago in Northern Ireland in 1999. Bird Study 49: 17–25. Abstract

Henderson, I., Holt, C. & Vickery, J. (2007) National and regional patterns of habitat association with foraging Barn Swallows Hirundo rustica in the UK. Bird Study 54: 371–377. Abstract

Hinsley, S.A., Bellamy, P.E., Newton, I. & Sparks, T.H. (1995) Habitat and landscape factors influencing the presence of individual breeding bird species in woodland fragments. Journal of Avian Biology 26: 94–104.

Hinsley, S.A., Carpenter, J.E., Broughton, R.K., Bellamy, P.E., Rothery, P., Amar, A., Hewson, C.M. & Gosler, A.G. (2007) Habitat selection by Marsh Tits Poecile palustris in the UK. Ibis 149 (suppl. 2): 224–233.

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Section 7 – Appendix

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This report should be cited as:
Baillie, S.R., Marchant, J.H., Leech, D.I., Joys, A.C., Noble, D.G.,
Barimore, C., Downie, I.S., Grantham, M.J., Risely, K. & Robinson, R.A. (2010).
Breeding Birds in the Wider Countryside: their conservation status 2009.
BTO Research Report No. 541. BTO, Thetford. (http://www.bto.org/birdtrends)

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