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WOODPIGEON
Columba palumbus
Woodpigeon © Mike Weston
Conservation listings

Europe: SPEC category 4, secure
UK: Green

Long-term trend
UK, England: rapid increase
 
Status summary
The CBC/BBS trend for this species is of a steady, steep increase since at least the mid 1970s. Woodpigeons are difficult to survey precisely, however, and this is reflected in the relatively wide confidence intervals. The spread of intensive arable cultivation, especially of oilseed rape, which has been shown to promote overwinter survival, may explain the rise in numbers (Gibbons et al. 1993). In contrast to increase or stability elsewhere in the UK, the BBS trend for Scotland appears to indicate minor decline since 1994.
CBC/BBS UK graph
Table of population changes for Woodpigeon
Source Period
(yrs)
Years Plots
(n)
Change
(%)
Lower
limit
Upper
limit
Alert Comment
CBC/BBS UK 33 1967-2000 472 114 15 358    
  25 1975-2000 612 130 64 204    
  10 1990-2000 1312 17 9 27    
  5 1995-2000 2059 12 8 16    
CBC/BBS England 33 1967-2000 382 125 36 383    
  25 1975-2000 495 147 61 257    
  10 1990-2000 1062 19 10 28    
  5 1995-2000 1659 13 8 18    
BBS UK 8 1994-2002 1826 5 1 9    
BBS England 8 1994-2002 1465 8 3 12    
BBS Scotland 8 1994-2002 156 -12 -24 1    
BBS Wales 8 1994-2002 145 10 -3 25    
BBS N.Ireland 8 1994-2002 52 24 -8 67    
BBS acknowledgement
CBC/BBS England graph
BBS UK graph
BBS England graph
BBS Scotland graph
BBS Wales graph
BBS N Ireland graph
Productivity information is not currently available for this species
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This report should be cited as:
Crick, H.Q.P., Marchant, J.H., Noble, D.G., Baillie, S.R., Balmer, D.E., Beaven, L.P., Coombes, R.H.,
Downie, I.S., Freeman, S.N., Joys, A.C., Leech, D.I., Raven, M.J., Robinson, R.A. and Thewlis, R.M. (2004)
Breeding Birds in the Wider Countryside: their conservation status 2003.
BTO Research Report No. 353. BTO, Thetford. (http://www.bto.org/birdtrends2003)

Pages maintained by Susan Waghorn and Iain Downie: Last updated 16 February, 2009