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BTO Blueline
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BTO Blueline
Charadrius hiaticula

Ringed Plover © Tommy Holden

Conservation listings

Europe: no SPEC category, secure
UK: Amber (25-50% decline in winter population, >20% East Atlantic Flyway population in winter)

Long-term trend
UK: uncertain 
Status summary
At the previous review, this species was Amber listed on the strength of its European status alone, but a recent winter decline now also meets the Amber criterion. The breeding population is not monitored annually by the BTO, but a BTO survey in 1984 showed increases throughout the UK since the previous survey in 1973/74 (Prater 1989). The breeding distribution spread inland between the two atlas periods, especially in England, probably associated with the increase in number of gravel pits and reservoirs (Gibbons et al. 1993). The 1984 survey revealed that over 25% of the UK population nested on the Western Isles, especially on the machair, where breeding waders have subsequentlly suffered greatly from predation by introduced hedgehogs. Beach-nesting birds are very vulnerable to disturbance and in some regions in 1984 were largely confined to wardened reserves. The recent marked trend towards increasing nest failures at the egg stage is worrying and warrants further investigation.
Annual breeding population changes for this species
are not currently monitored by BTO
Table of productivity information for Ringed Plover
Variable Period
Years Mean
Trend Predicted
in first year
in last year
Change Comment
Clutch size 33 1968-2001 88 None        
Daily failure rate (eggs) 33 1968-2001 127 Curvilinear 0.0278 nests/day 0.0413 nests/day 0.0135 nests/day  
Laying date 33 1968-2001 41 Linear decline day 146 day 138 -8 days  
Clutch size graph
Insufficient data on brood size
available for this species
Egg nest failure graph
Insufficient data on nestling failure
available for this species

Laying date graph


Insufficient data on CES
available for this species


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This report should be cited as:
Crick, H.Q.P., Marchant, J.H., Noble, D.G., Baillie, S.R., Balmer, D.E., Beaven, L.P., Coombes, R.H.,
Downie, I.S., Freeman, S.N., Joys, A.C., Leech, D.I., Raven, M.J., Robinson, R.A. and Thewlis, R.M. (2004)
Breeding Birds in the Wider Countryside: their conservation status 2003.
BTO Research Report No. 353. BTO, Thetford. (http://www.bto.org/birdtrends2003)

Pages maintained by Susan Waghorn and Iain Downie: Last updated 16 February, 2009