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BTO Blueline
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BTO Blueline

Tringa totanus

Redshank © Tommy Holden
Conservation listings

Europe: SPEC category 2, declining
UK: Amber (>50% population decline but data possibly unrepresentative, >20% of East Atlantic Flyway population in winter)

Long-term trend
UK: moderate decline
Status summary
UK population decline has now been added to the criteria by which Redshank qualifies for Amber listing. Considerable range contraction had occurred by 1988-91 from many areas of the UK, probably as a result of the drainage of farmland (Gibbons et al. 1993). WBS results show a decline along waterways that has apparently accelerated during the 1990s. BBS shows a moderate UK decline, but this is not evident in the data for England alone. Wintering populations (augmented by many Icelandic and some other northern European breeders) are stable (Musgrove et al. 2001). The substantial section of the British population that nests on saltmarshes decreased by 23% between 1985 and 1996 (Brindley et al. 1998). The failure rate of nests at the egg stage has fallen since the 1960s.
WBS UK graph
Table of population changes for Redshank
Source Period
Years Plots
Alert Comment
WBS waterways 25 1975-2000 19 -49 -82 -9 >25 Small sample
  10 1990-2000 18 -48 -61 -27 >25 Small sample
  5 1995-2000 17 -37 -49 -16 >25 Small sample
BBS UK 8 1994-2002 68 -25 -40 -5 (>25)  
BBS England 8 1994-2002 44 14 -16 57    
BBS acknowledgement
BBS UK graph
BBS England graph
Table of productivity information for Redshank
Variable Period
Years Mean
Trend Predicted
in first year
in last year
Change Comment
Clutch size 33 1968-2001 27 None       Small sample
Daily failure rate (eggs) 33 1968-2001 32 Linear decline 0.0407 nests/day 0.0191 nests/day -0.0216 nests/day  
Clutch size graph



Insufficient data on brood size
available for this species

Egg nest failure graph



Insufficient data on nestling failure
available for this species



Insufficient data on laying date
available for this species




Insufficient data on CES
available for this species


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This report should be cited as:
Crick, H.Q.P., Marchant, J.H., Noble, D.G., Baillie, S.R., Balmer, D.E., Beaven, L.P., Coombes, R.H.,
Downie, I.S., Freeman, S.N., Joys, A.C., Leech, D.I., Raven, M.J., Robinson, R.A. and Thewlis, R.M. (2004)
Breeding Birds in the Wider Countryside: their conservation status 2003.
BTO Research Report No. 353. BTO, Thetford. (http://www.bto.org/birdtrends2003)

Pages maintained by Susan Waghorn and Iain Downie: Last updated 16 February, 2009