The British Trust for Ornithology
LAPWING
Vanellus vanellus

Lapwing © Mike Weston

 
Conservation Listings

Table 4/Amber (Wintering population)
Biodiversity Steering Group Conservation Concern List

Long term trend
UK: Shallow decline in late 1990s
England and Wales: Moderate decline (1987-1998)
Lowland: Moderate decline
Scotland: Moderate decline in late 1990s
 
Status Summary
National surveys in England and Wales showed a 49% population decline between 1987 and 1998 (Wilson et al. 2001). Lapwings declined rapidly in lowland Britain through the 1980s, probably because of changes in agricultural practice that have led to reduced productivity (Hudson et al. 1994, Siriwardena et al. 2000). Population declines in excess of 50% over 15 years in Northern Ireland (Henderson et al. in press) mirror similar declines throughout grassland areas of Wales and south-east England (Wilson et al. 2001). Adult and first-year survival rates show no trend through time (Peach et al. 1994, Catchpole et al. 1999), but the nest record data show an increase in failure rates at the egg stage (29 days, comprising 26 days incubation + 3 days laying) from 40% to 49%. Abundance on CBC plots has been stable since the early 1990s, but the CBC cannot be representative of the whole population, which is densest in northern Britain. It may therefore be of critical significance that the BBS shows a decline through the late 1990s particularly in the size of the Scottish population. The WBS shows a near-significant long-term increase, perhaps showing a concentration of breeding birds where undrained land remains, i.e. near water courses.
 
 
Table of population changes for Lapwing
Source Period
(yrs)
Years Plots
(n)
Change
(%)
Lower
limit
Upper
limit
Alert Comment
CBC all habitats 31 1968-1999 53 -34 -64 -6 >25 Unrepresentative
  25 1974-1999 52 -41 -61 -24 >25 Unrepresentative
  10 1989-1999 36 -14 -30 6   Unrepresentative
  5 1994-1999 36 2 -15 18   Unrepresentative
CBC farmland 31 1968-1999 41 -40 -68 -7 >25 Unrepresentative
  25 1974-1999 38 -45 -69 -31 >25 Unrepresentative
  10 1989-1999 29 -17 -31 5   Unrepresentative
  5 1994-1999 30 -2 -16 14   Unrepresentative
WBS waterways 24 1975-1999 33 161 -14 600    
  10 1989-1999 40 -20 -35 0    
  5 1994-1999 42 -12 -26 2    
BBS UK 6 1994-2000 534 -13 -20 -5    
BBS England 6 1994-2000 426 5 -5 15    
BBS Scotland 6 1994-2000 85 -29 -43 -13 (>25)  
The Breeding Bird Survey is jointly funded by BTO, JNCC and RSPB
 
 
Table of productivity information for Lapwing
Variable Period
(yrs)
Years Mean
annual
sample
Trend Predicted
in first year
Predicted
in last year
Change Comment
Clutch size 31 1968-1999 130 Linear increase 3.69 eggs 3.82 eggs 0.13 eggs  
Daily failure rate (eggs) 31 1968-1999 141 Curvilinear 0.0173 nests/day 0.0229 nests/day 0.0056 nests/day  
Laying date 31 1968-1999 33 None        
 
Insufficient data on brood size
available for this species
Insufficient data on nestling failure
available for this species
Insufficient data on CES
available for this species




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This report should be cited as:
Baillie, S.R., Crick, H.Q.P., Balmer, D.E., Beaven, L.P., Downie, I.S., Freeman, S.N., Leech, D.I., Marchant, J.H.,
Noble, D.G., Raven, M.J., Simpkin, A.P., Thewlis, R.M. and Wernham, C.V.
(2002) Breeding Birds in the Wider
Countryside: their conservation status 2001. BTO Research Report No. 278. BTO, Thetford. (http://www.bto.org/birdtrends)

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This page last updated: 21 April, 2008

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