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LAPWING Vanellus vanellus
 
Conservation Listings Long term trend

Table 4/Amber (Wintering population)
Biodiversity Steering Group
Conservation Concern List

UK: Shallow decline in late 1990s
England and Wales: Moderate decline (1987-1998)
Lowland: Moderate decline
Scotland: Moderate decline in late 1990s

 
Status Summary
National surveys in England and Wales showed a 49% population decline between 1987 and 1998. Lapwings declined rapidly in lowland Britain through the 1980s, probably because of changes in agricultural practice that have led to reduced productivity (Hudson et al. 1994, Siriwardena et al. 2000). Population declines in excess of 50% over 15 years in Northern Ireland (Henderson et al. in press) mirror similar declines throughout grassland areas of Wales and south-east England (Wilson et al. 2001). Adult and first year survival rates show no trend through time (Peach et al. 1994, Catchpole et al. 1999), but the nest record data shows an increase in failure rates at the egg stage (29 days, comprising 26 days incubation + 3 days laying) from 40% to 49%. Abundance on CBC plots has been stable since the early 1990s, but the CBC cannot be representative of the whole population, which is densest in northern Britain. It may therefore be critical that the BBS shows a decline through the late 1990s. The WBS shows a near-significant long-term increase, perhaps showing a concentration of breeding birds where undrained land remains, i.e. near water courses.
 
 
Table of population changes for Lapwing
Source Period
(yrs)
Years Plots
(n)
Change
(%)
Lower
limit
Upper
limit
Alert Comment
CBC all habitats 30 1968-1998 53 -34 -62 -3 >25 Unrepresentative
  25 1973-1998 53 -40 -62 -18 >25 Unrepresentative
  10 1988-1998 38 -21 -36 -3   Unrepresentative
  5 1993-1998 36 3 -15 22   Unrepresentative
CBC farmland 30 1968-1998 41 -40 . . >25 Unrepresentative
  25 1973-1998 39 -44 . . >25 Unrepresentative
  10 1988-1998 31 -22 . .   Unrepresentative
  5 1993-1998 30 -1 . .   Unrepresentative
WBS waterways 23 1975-1998 33 174 0 842    
  10 1988-1998 41 -23 -43 -5    
  5 1993-1998 43 -9 -24 11    
BBS UK 5 1994-1999 525 -20 -26 -12    
BBS England 5 1994-1999 417 -3 -13 7    
BBS Scotland 5 1994-1999 87 -34 -46 -20 (>25)  
The Breeding Bird Survey is jointly funded by BTO, JNCC and RSPB
 
 
Table of productivity information for Lapwing
Variable Period
(yrs)
Years Mean
annual
sample
Trend Predicted
in first year
Predicted
in last year
Change Comment
Clutch size 30 1968-1998 131 Linear increase 3.69 eggs 3.81 eggs 0.12 eggs  
Daily failure rate (eggs) 30 1968-1998 143 Curvilinear 0.0175 nests/day 0.0232 nests/day 0.0057 nests/day  
Laying date 30 1968-1998 34 None        
 
Insufficient data on brood size
available for this species
Insufficient data on nestling failure
available for this species
Insufficient data on CES
available for this species

 

   



The report should be cited as: Baillie, S.R., Crick, H.Q.P., Balmer, D.E., Bashford, R.I., Beaven, L.P., Freeman, S.N., Marchant, J.H., Noble, D.G., Raven, M.J., Siriwardena, G.M., Thewlis, R. and Wernham, C.V. (2001) Breeding Birds in the Wider Countryside: their conservation status 2000. BTO Research Report No. 252. BTO, Thetford. (http://www.bto.org/birdtrends)

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Last updated: Last updated: 9 April, 2001

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