BTO Nestbox Guide

Nestbox guide

The latest BTO Nestbox Guide, published in 2004, contains instructions on how to build artificial nest sites for 24 different species. 

The latest edition differs from the previous one, published in 1993. Whereas the 1993 edition gave brief accounts of all known artificial nest site designs, the 2004 edition focuses on species that are known to take to artifical sites and gives expanded accounts of successful designs for those species. Because the 1993 guide covers a broader range of species, though in less detail, it has been made available as a free PDF download to supplement the latest edition.

The table below lists all species that are known have used artificial sites and tells you which guide has information about them. Where a species is covered in the 1993 guide only, the page number of the PDF download is given.

 

English Name Scientific Name Type of Box Information available
Barn Owl Tyto alba Large hole entrance Latest BTO Guide
Bearded Tit Panurus biarmicus Wigwam (special design) Not yet included
Black Guillemot (Tystie) Cepphus grylle Tunnel 26
Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis Raft/island Not yet included
Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros Small open fronted 31
Black-throated Diver Gavia arctica Raft/island 21
Blackbird Turdus merula Platform 31
Blue Tit Parus caeruleus Small hole entrance Latest BTO Guide
Canada Goose Branta canadensis Raft/island 22
Coal Tit Parus ater Small hole entrance Latest BTO Guide
Common Tern Sterna hirundo Raft/island 26
Coot Fulica atra Raft/island 25
Crested Tit Parus cristatus Small hole entrance 32
Dipper Cinclus cinclus Small open fronted 31
Feral Pigeon Columba livia Large hole entrance 27
Goldeneye Bucephala clangula Large hole entrance 23
Goosander Mergus merganser Large hole entrance 24
Goshawk Accipiter gentilis Basket 24
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus Raft/island 21
Great Northern Diver Gavia immer Raft/island 21
Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major Medium hole entrance Latest BTO Guide
Great Tit Parus major Small hole entrance Latest BTO Guide
Green Woodpecker Picus viridis Medium hole entrance 29
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea Small open fronted 30
Greylag Goose Anser anser Raft/island 22
Hobby Falco subbuteo Basket 24
Hoopoe Upupa epops Medium hole entrance Not yet included
House Martin Delichon urbica Special Latest BTO Guide
House Sparrow Passer domesticus Small hole entrance Latest BTO Guide
Jackdaw Corvus monedula Large hole entrance Latest BTO Guide
Kestrel Falco tinnunculus Latest BTO Guide  
Kingfisher Alcedo atthis Tunnel 28
Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla Platform 25
Lesser Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos minor Medium hole entrance 29
Little Owl Athene noctua Large hole entrance 27
Little Tern Sterna albifrons Platform 26
Long-eared Owl Asio otus Basket 28
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos Large hole entrance 23
Mandarin Aix galericulata Large hole entrance 23
Manx Shearwater Puffinus puffinus Tunnel 22
Marsh Tit Parus palustris Small hole entrance Latest BTO Guide
Merlin Falco columbarius Basket 24
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus Raft/island 25
Mute Swan Cygnus olor Raft/island 22
Nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus Scrape 28
Nuthatch Sitta europaea Small hole entrance Latest BTO Guide
Osprey Pandion haliaetus Basket 24
Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus Platform Not yet included
Peregrine Falco peregrinus Platform 24
Pied Flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca Small hole entrance Latest BTO Guide
Pied Wagtail Motacilla alba Small open front Latest BTO Guide
Puffin Fratercula arctica Tunnel 22
Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator Tunnel 24
Red Kite Milvus milvus Basket 24
Red-throated Diver Gavia stellata Raft/island 21
Redstart Phoenicurus phoenicurus Small hole entrance Latest BTO Guide
Ring-necked Parakeet Psittacula krameri Large hole entrance 27
Robin Erithacus rubecula Small open front Latest BTO Guide
Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii Tunnel 25
Sand Martin Riparia riparia Tunnel 30
Short-toed Treecreeper Certhia brachydactyla Special small hole entrance Not yet included
Shelduck Tadorna tadorna Tunnel 22
Slavonian Grebe Podiceps auritus Raft/island Not yet included
Spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa striata Small open front Latest BTO Guide
Starling Sturnus vulgaris Medium hole entrance Latest BTO Guide
Stock Dove Columba oenas Large hole entrance Latest BTO Guide
Storm Petrel Hydrobates pelagicus Tunnel 22
Swallow Hirundo rustica Open cup Latest BTO Guide
Swift Apus apus Special hole entrance Latest BTO Guide
Tawny Owl Strix aluco Large hole entrance Latest BTO Guide
Tree Sparrow Passer montanus Small hole entrance Latest BTO Guide
Treecreeper Certhia familiaris Special small hole entrance 32
Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe Tunnel 31
Willow Tit Parus montanus Small hole entrance 32
Wood Duck Aix sponsa Large hole entrance Not yet included
Wren Troglodytes troglodytes Small open front Latest BTO Guide
Wryneck Jynx torquilla Medium hole entrance 29

 

Download a PDF of the 1993 BTO Nest Box Guide here.