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BTO Blueline
WOODPIGEON
Columba palumbus
Woodpigeon © Mike Weston
 
Conservation listings
Europe: no SPEC category (concentrated in Europe, conservation status favourable)
UK: green
Long-term trend
UK, England: rapid increase
Distribution maps
Maps and statistics from British and Irish
atlases can be viewed here.
Status summary
The CBC/BBS trend for this species is of a steady, steep increase since at least the mid 1970s. Woodpigeons are difficult to survey precisely, however, and this is reflected in the relatively wide confidence intervals. The spread of intensive arable cultivation, especially of oilseed rape, which has been shown to promote overwinter survival, may explain the rise in numbers (Gibbons et al. 1993). Since 1994, BBS has recorded significant increase in the UK, and in England and in Northern Ireland separately.
CBC/BBS UK graph
Table of population changes for Woodpigeon
Source Period
(yrs)
Years Plots
(n)
Change
(%)
Lower
limit
Upper
limit
Alert Comment
CBC/BBS UK 35 1967-2002 514 126 18 398    
  25 1977-2002 712 108 63 152    
  10 1992-2002 1612 20 12 28    
  5 1997-2002 2149 14 10 17    
CBC/BBS England 35 1967-2002 415 137 17 399    
  25 1977-2002 574 126 61 191    
  10 1992-2002 1299 21 13 31    
  5 1997-2002 1716 14 10 17    
BBS UK 9 1994-2003 1851 12 8 17    
BBS England 9 1994-2003 1478 14 9 19    
BBS Scotland 9 1994-2003 158 2 -11 18    
BBS Wales 9 1994-2003 150 4 -8 19    
BBS N.Ireland 9 1994-2003 58 66 25 120    
BBS acknowledgement
CBC/BBS England graph
BBS UK graph
BBS England graph
BBS Scotland graph
BBS Wales graph
BBS N Ireland graph
Productivity information is not currently available for this species
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This report should be cited as:
Baillie, S.R., Marchant, J.H., Crick, H.Q.P., Noble, D.G., Balmer, D.E., Beaven, L.P., Coombes, R.H.,
Downie, I.S., Freeman, S.N., Joys, A.C., Leech, D.I., Raven, M.J., Robinson, R.A. and Thewlis, R.M. (2005)
Breeding Birds in the Wider Countryside: their conservation status 2004.
BTO Research Report No. 385. BTO, Thetford. (http://www.bto.org/birdtrends)

Pages maintained by Susan Waghorn and Iain Downie: Last updated 18 January, 2006