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BTO Blueline
LAPWING
Vanellus vanellus

Lapwing © Mike Weston

 
Conservation listings

Europe: no SPEC category, (secure)
UK: Amber (25-50% population decline, >20% European wintering population)

Long-term trend
UK: moderate decline  
 
Status summary
The Amber listing of this species is now based on UK decline, as well as the original criterion of international importance. CBC recorded some increase in its early years, and on WBS plots increase continued until the mid 1980s. Lapwings declined rapidly on lowland farmland through the 1980s, probably because changes in agricultural practice led to reduced productivity (Hudson et al. 1994, Siriwardena et al. 2000). Adult and first-year survival rates show no trend through time (Peach et al. 1994, Catchpole et al. 1999), but the nest record data show an increase in failure rates at the egg stage (29 days, comprising 26 days incubation and 3 days laying). National surveys in England and Wales showed a 49% population decline between 1987 and 1998 (Wilson et al. 2001). Population declines in excess of 50% over 15 years in Northern Ireland (Henderson et al. 2002) mirror similar declines throughout grassland areas of Wales and southeast England (Wilson et al. 2001). BBS data indicate little change in England since 1994, but steep decline in Scotland.
 
CBC/BBS UK graph
 
Table of population changes for Lapwing
Source Period
(yrs)
Years Plots
(n)
Change
(%)
Lower
limit
Upper
limit
Alert Comment
CBC/BBS UK 33 1967-2000 164 -29 -62 13    
  25 1975-2000 197 -46 -65 -27 >25  
  10 1990-2000 381 -15 -32 6    
  5 1995-2000 589 -5 -12 5    
CBC/BBS England 33 1967-2000 134 -19 -59 14    
  25 1975-2000 161 -46 -63 -28 >25  
  10 1990-2000 308 -13 -27 15    
  5 1995-2000 477 0 -10 13    
WBS waterways 25 1975-2000 39 170 -12 819    
  10 1990-2000 40 -12 -27 9    
  5 1995-2000 40 -7 -20 8    
BBS UK 8 1994-2002 533 -18 -24 -11    
BBS England 8 1994-2002 426 8 -2 18    
BBS Scotland 8 1994-2002 84 -39 -50 -26 (>25)  
BBS acknowledgement
 
CBC/BBS England graph
WBS UK graph
BBS UK graph
BBS England graph
BBS Scotland graph
 
Table of productivity information for Lapwing
Variable Period
(yrs)
Years Mean
annual
sample
Trend Predicted
in first year
Predicted
in last year
Change Comment
Clutch size 33 1968-2001 129 Linear increase 3.69 eggs 3.82 eggs 0.13 eggs  
Daily failure rate (eggs) 33 1968-2001 140 Curvilinear 0.0174 nests/day 0.0258 nests/day 0.0084 nests/day  
Laying date 33 1968-2001 32 None        
 
Clutch size graph
Insufficient data on brood size
available for this species
Egg nest failure graph
Insufficient data on nestling failure
available for this species
Laying date graph
Insufficient data on CES
available for this species
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This report should be cited as:
Crick, H.Q.P., Marchant, J.H., Noble, D.G., Baillie, S.R., Balmer, D.E., Beaven, L.P., Coombes, R.H.,
Downie, I.S., Freeman, S.N., Joys, A.C., Leech, D.I., Raven, M.J., Robinson, R.A. and Thewlis, R.M. (2004)
Breeding Birds in the Wider Countryside: their conservation status 2003.
BTO Research Report No. 353. BTO, Thetford. (http://www.bto.org/birdtrends2003)

Pages maintained by Susan Waghorn and Iain Downie: Last updated 16 February, 2009